Last updated at 08:09

Astronaut Tim Peake passes final spacecraft exam

Tim PeakeAFP/Getty

British astronaut Tim Peake has passed his final Soyuz spacecraft exam.

It means he is now qualified to fly in the Russian vehicle when it launches him to the International Space Station (ISS) for a six-month stay in November.

It also means he can be on standby for the next crew launch at the end of May - just in case someone has to drop out.

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Watch British astronaut Major Tim Peake's training underwater

"Major Tim", a former army helicopter pilot, will be the first UK-born, European Space Agency astronaut to live aboard the ISS.

'Long and gruelling test'

The test involved a six-hour session in a simulator at the Star City cosmonaut training complex near Moscow in Russia.

"This exam is the culmination of many months of training on the Soyuz spacecraft, which is our means of transport to and from the International Space Station," he told the BBC.

"Although it was a fairly long and gruelling test, it was also a very interesting and enjoyable experience.

Tim Peake, nearest the camera (L), passes his Soyuz exam
Tim Peake, nearest the camera (L), takes part in a ceremony to celebrate his Soyuz achievement

"We conducted all phases of flight: launch, rendezvous, docking, undocking, re-entry and landing - during which time our examiners kept us busy with several emergency situations. Unfortunately, though, we can't now relax - we have to do it all again in six months when we will be the prime crew for launch!"

Crew
Tim Peake will launch with Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and US astronaut Tim Kopra
Simulator
Going to the ISS involves spending many hours in the Soyuz simulator to understand its systems

The Esa astronaut's mission to the ISS will be known as Principia, in honour of Sir Isaac Newton.