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Live Reporting

Basillioh Rukanga, Evelyne Musambi and Cecilia Macaulay

All times stated are UK

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  1. SA university approves Afrikaans use despite protests

    South African students protesting with a banner
    Image caption: Students protested in 2015 against the use of Afrikaans in teaching settings at Stellenbosch

    South Africa's Stellenbosch University has adopted a new language policy which approves the use of three languages for teaching and communication at the institution - English, Xhosa and Afrikaans.

    There had been controversy surrounding the use of Afrikaans at the university after the South African Human Rights Commission announced the launch of a probe into allegations some students had been stopped from speaking Afrikaans at "welcome" events and "informal settings" at Stellenbosch.

    The university just outside Cape Town had previously denied any language ban to South Africa's News24.

    After protests in 2015, the university management had decided to drop Afrikaans in teaching.

    A viral video about the challenges and racism faced by black students, sparked the demonstrations six years ago.

    It detailed how some struggled with lessons in Afrikaans, one of the main languages spoken by the country's white minority.

    But a 2016 policy on the institution's website adopted a bilingual approach, stating: "Afrikaans and English are the languages of teaching and learning" for undergraduate modules.

    On Thursday in response to the outcome of the university's year-long review of its language policy, a spokesperson quoted in SABC news said the changes would be implemented in January.

    "Through this policy, the university recommits itself to multilingualism by using the three official languages of the Western Cape, namely Afrikaans, English and isiXhosa," Dr Leslie van Rooi said.

    "Further the university, through its policy would like to enhance access and success as well as the idea of social cohesion even further on our campuses," he continued.

  2. Northern Kenya affected by worst drought in a decade

    Anne Soy

    BBC News, Wajir

    Boy surrounded by cattle
    Image caption: Experts say drought conditions will continue into 2022

    Millions of livestock have died in northern Kenya as the worst drought in a decade threatens survival in the region.

    Rangers are also reporting alarming numbers of deaths among wildlife.

    Drought conditions in the region as well as much of Somalia and southern Ethiopia are predicted to persist until at least mid next year, putting lives at risk.

    Carcasses of cattle, goats and even giraffes litter the road in South Wajir. Water pans and vegetation is dry. The area is one of the areas most affected by the drought.

    Local officials say up to 70% of cattle and 60% of goats have died of starvation, thirst or diseases due to lowered immunity levels. That’s millions of livestock, the livelihood of pastoralists, wiped out within months.

    Neighbouring Somalia has declared a humanitarian emergency.

    Experts says droughts and floods are occurring in greater frequency, suggesting that climate change could already be taking a toll on the region.

    Three consecutive seasons of poor rains have left 26 million people struggling to get food. That number is likely to rise, as forecasts suggest similar conditions could occur during the long-rains season between March and May next year.

  3. Four charged with burning elderly man to death in Mozambique

    Jose Tembe

    BBC News, Maputo

    Four people have been charged with lynching and burning to death an elderly man in Mozambique who was accused of being a sorcerer.

    The 73-year-old man was killed in Zavala in southern Inhambane province.

    The incident happened after a traditional doctor accused the man of being behind the killings of two young men.

    One of the heads of the Association of Traditional Doctors of Mozambique, in the district of Zavala, has also been indicted for the crime of exposing an elderly person to danger.

    It was reported that the public beat up the elderly man after the traditional doctor linked him to sorcery.

  4. Court allows Shell exploration off SA coast

    Vumani Mkhize

    BBC Africa Business

    Protesters against the planned Shell seismic survey for oil and gas in the ocean on November 21, 2021 in Cape Town, South Africa.
    Image caption: The decision by the court means Shell is now free to conduct its underwater survey

    A South African court has dismissed an urgent application to halt a seismic survey by multinational oil giant Shell in an area called the Wild Coast.

    Four environmental groups petitioned the court to stop exploration off the east coast of the country claiming it would damage marine life.

    However, Shell says seismic surveys are harmless.

    The survey, which Shell is now free to conduct, will last five months and a vessel will use a pressurised air gun on the seabed in search of oil and gas.

    Locals have vowed to continue their fight against Shell, and a second group of activists have launched another court case against the company.

  5. Kenyan father sues son for upkeep money

    A Kenyan father has sued his adult son demanding 20% of his salary to go towards his monthly upkeep.

    Gideon Kisira Cherowo, 73, says he sold his land and most of his assets to pay for his son's education up to university level.

    He says the son - now aged 48 - does not support him.

    The father who has four sons says only one is employed at the Kenya Airports Authority.

    Mr Cherowo's family lives in a mud house in his village in western Kenya.

    The Daily Nation newspaper tweeted a photo of the man:

    View more on twitter

    He alleges that his son has not come home for the last 17 years and the family has asked for his help in vain.

    Mr Cherowo told the court that he could not afford the services of a lawyer and brought his youngest son as a witness.

    The son told the court that his eldest brother had abandoned the family after landing a job in the capital Nairobi.

  6. Ethiopia shuts schools to support war effort

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Ethiopia's education ministry has announced a temporary closure of all secondary schools to allow students to help in harvesting crops for Ethiopians on the war front, state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporation (FBC) has reported.

    Education Minister Berhanu Nega said the schools would be closed for a week.

    The ministry shared the news on Twitter:

    View more on twitter

    On Monday, the government said more than 1.2 million students were out of school due to the ongoing conflict in the north.

    The fighting has also destroyed hundreds of schools.

    The government announced a six-month state of emergency in November to contain a Tigrayan rebel advancement towards the capital, Addis Ababa.

  7. DR Congo assembly ousts governor for poor governance

    The governor of South Kivu province in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has been dismissed by the assembly.

    Theo Ngwabidje was voted out in a motion of no confidence with several accusations made including poor governance.

    The assembly session was held amid a clash between the police and members of the public who were outside the assembly building in the provincial capital Bukavu.

    The session was attended by 33 representatives, 28 of whom voted for the governor's dismissal.

    Mr Ngwabidje has been asked to submit his resignation to the president within 48 hours.

    But in a statement on Twitter, Mr Ngwabidje has dismissed the assembly’s vote calling it “an organised treachery…that we consider as a political gangsterism with no effect”.

    South Kivu has suffered insecurity like most of eastern DR Congo because of the presence of armed rebels.

  8. Chad junta leader becomes a five-star army general

    Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno
    Image caption: Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno was previously a four-star general

    Chad junta leader Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno has moved up to a higher rank in the military, from a lieutenant general to a general.

    On Wednesday, the Chadian leader wore five stars on his uniform and beret as he arrived at a venue outside the presidential palace in a five-star command car.

    He previously had four stars, as a lieutenant general.

    The presidency’s head of protocol sent a press release on Thursday informing state institutions and the public of the changes.

    The junta leader came to power after the death of his father, Idriss Déby Itno, in April. His father had been president since 1990.

    Only his father had the rank of a five-star military general before his death.

  9. Sudan's military leader calls for UN support

    People march during a demonstration in the centre of Sudan's capital Khartoum on 30 November
    Image caption: Protests have continued despite the reinstating of Sudan's civilian prime minister

    Sudan’s military leader Gen Abdel Fattah al-Burhan has called for the United Nations to support the transitional government.

    Gen Burhan on Thursday met the UN special representative to the country, Volker Perthes, who said on Twitter that despite welcoming the deal for a return to constitutional order, "other critical steps need to follow”, without elaborating.

    Gen Burhan has said he will co-operate with reinstated civilian Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and support the transitional government he forms until elections are held.

    A coup led by the military leader in October led to the overthrow of the transitional government and the ousting of Mr Hamdok.

    Mr Hamdok was reinstated in November after signing a deal.

    But mass protests against the military leaders, which had followed immediately after the coup, have continued.

    The UN Secretary-General António Guterres and the African Union Commission chairperson Moussa Faki have urged the public to support the deal for the return to a peaceful democracy.

    Mr Guterres said although the situation was not perfect, it was a step towards democracy.

    The transitional council has been urged to hold elections within 18 months

  10. Zimbabwe confirms presence of Omicron variant

    Shingai Nyoka

    BBC News, Harare

    A nurse vaccinates a woman carrying a baby on her back at a hospital at Parirenyatwa group of hospitals on December 01, 2021 in Harare, Zimbabwe.
    Image caption: Zimbabwe is among the southern African countries facing travel bans over Omicron

    Zimbabwe has confirmed the presence of the Omicron coronavirus variant in the country.

    Speaking on state TV, Vice-President and Health Minister Constantino Chiwenga said that it followed genome sequencing but gave no further details.

    New Covid cases rose sharply this week, with 712 new cases being recorded on Wednesday and 399 on Tuesday.

    On Tuesday, the government reimposed curfews and mandatory testing and quarantine for travellers to prevent a fourth wave.

    Zimbabwe is among the southern African countries facing travel bans by western countries including the European Union, the UK and the US.

  11. Friday's wise words

    Our African proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: A cat in her house has the teeth of a lion. from A Somali proverb sent by Mohamed Mursal in Jigjiga, Ethiopia.
    A Somali proverb sent by Mohamed Mursal in Jigjiga, Ethiopia.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

  12. Video content

    Video caption: The drought ravaging East African wildlife and livestock

    At least 26m people are struggling for food across northern Kenya, Somalia and southern Ethiopia.

  13. Scroll down for Thursday's stories

    We'll be back on Friday morning

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live team for now. We'll be back on Friday morning.

    Until then there will be an automated service and you can find the latest updates on the BBC News website, or listen to our podcast Africa Today.

    A reminder of our African proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: Dogs do not welcome their in-laws" from A Bari proverb sent by Moses Michael Legge in Juba, South Sudan.
    A Bari proverb sent by Moses Michael Legge in Juba, South Sudan.

    We leave you with a photo of two women carrying firewood on their heads, in Qumanco village in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa:

    Women walk on a dirt road while carrying firewood on their heads, as the new coronavirus variant, Omicron spreads, in Qumanco village in the eastern cape province of South Africa, November 30, 2021.
  14. Botswana shows AIDS-free generation possible - WHO

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Anti retrovirals
    Image caption: Anti retroviral treatment has brought down transmission rates, WHO says

    The United Nations says Botswana has taken a significant step towards eliminating mother to child transmission of HIV.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS described the progress as a huge accomplishment for a country that has one of the most severe HIV epidemics in the world.

    In 1999 around 40% of children whose mothers were HIV positive were born with the virus. Last year that figure had dropped to below 2%.

    The WHO said thanks to visionary political leadership, the southern African country had demonstrated that an AIDS-free generation was possible.

    It said improved ante natal care and the provision of anti retroviral treatment to pregnant mothers had played a key role.