Apollo 11: World celebrates 50th anniversary of first Moon landing

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Images from the Apollo 11 mission were projected onto the Washington Monument in Washington DC

Thousands of people have been celebrating the 50th anniversary of the first Moon landing.

On 20 July 1969, the Eagle module from Apollo 11 landed at Tranquility Base.

Hours later, at 21:56 CT (02:56 GMT), Neil Armstrong made history by becoming the first person to walk on the Moon.

Originally inspired by the US's Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union, the mission is now remembered as an iconic moment for stargazers all over the world.

'We're breathing again'

Nasa marked the anniversary by streaming footage of the launch online, giving a new generation a chance to see the historic moment that was watched by half a billion people 50 years ago.

At the moment the spacecraft landed, Apollo 11 commander Armstrong said: "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed."

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A young girl looking at an exhibit at an anniversary event at the Space Center Houston

Charlie Duke, the capsule communicator, responded from mission control in Houston: "Roger, Tranquility. We copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We're breathing again."

Hours later, as he first stepped on to the Moon's surface, he uttered the historic phrase: "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Armstrong was joined on the mission by his crewmates Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins. All three were born in 1930. Aldrin and Collins are still alive, but Armstrong died in 2012 at the age of 82.

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Relive the tense 13 minutes before the landing, as Neil Armstrong manually pilots the lunar module towards the surface of the Moon.

Aldrin, the second person to walk on the Moon, tweeted on Saturday: "Today, America put the big question to rest: We got there first. We landed on the Moon with 250 million Americans watching our backs.

"The truth is: that mission belongs to all of them, and to future generations of Americans who dream to reach the Moon once more."

Image source, PA Media
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Buzz Aldrin became the second person to walk on the Moon

Michael Collins, the third crew member, told Fox News that it's "not very often" he thinks about the mission.

"I lead a quiet life," he said. "I'll be walking along down my street at night, when it's starting to get dark, and I sense something over my right shoulder - and I look up and see that little silver sliver up there and think, 'Oh, that's the Moon! I've been there!'"

How the world has celebrated

Cities globally have held events to celebrate the landmark anniversary - including at a Nasa visitor centre in Houston, Texas.

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Thousands in Houston count down the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing

Military personnel put on a parachute display, and live bands performed. A New Year-style countdown also marked the moment of Armstrong's first steps.

Artefacts from the mission have been exhibited at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC, including the space suit Armstrong travelled in.

The Museum of Flight in Seattle also screened the original footage of the landing, recreating a 1969 living room complete with a contemporary TV.

Image source, Reuters
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The suit Neil Armstrong wore as he walked on the Moon for the first time
Image source, EPA
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The Moon, an exhibiiton at the Grand Palais, features a replica of the Moon hanging from the ceiling

On Friday night, a 17-minute show featuring images from the Moon landing were projected on to the Washington Monument, while crowds of people watched from the National Mall.

The Grand Palais in Paris marked the anniversary with an exhibition focused on the Moon.

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SPY's giant Moon being installed on a rooftop in Madrid

The show, which opened in April and closes on Monday, features a giant replica of the moon that hangs from the building's glass ceiling.

Artist SPY also created a giant moon for the anniversary, which is being displayed on the rooftop of a building in Madrid.

'50 years after a small step for man'

Earlier, in a launch coinciding with the anniversary, a Soyuz spacecraft carrying astronauts from the US, Russia and Italy took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazazkhstan, bound for the International Space Station.

At 23:48 BST, Russian space agency Roscosmos tweeted that the spacecraft had docked successfully.

As the rocket launched, a Nasa presenter said: "And lift off - 50 years after a small step for man, the Soyuz rocket and its multinational crew take a giant leap off the launch pad bound for the international space station."

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