A High Court judge in the eastern Indian city of Calcutta faces possible impeachment after a judicial committee found him guilty of corruption.
Justice Soumitra Sen misappropriated "large sums" of money and made false statements, said the three-member committee set up by parliament.
The indictment paves the way for impeachment proceedings against Justice Sen. He denies any wrongdoing.
It would be the first time such a senior Indian judge has been impeached.
Such a move requires a two-thirds majority in both houses of parliament.
In 1993 Justice Ramaswamy of the Supreme Court survived a vote to impeach him.