Middle East

Aleppo: Before and after images

Interactive

2016

View from the citadel across the devastated city

2008

View from the Citadel of people eating at restaurants

Aleppo, Syria's second city, was once the country's commercial and industrial hub, as well as a major regional tourist destination.

But four years of war have left large parts of the Old City - designated by Unesco as a World Heritage site - in ruins.

As the evacuation of the rebel-held eastern areas nears completion and government forces take full control of the city, pictures have begun to emerge of the devastation.

Citadel

Interactive

2016

The entrance to the citadel in December 2016

2010

The entrance to the citadel in August 2010

The 13th century Citadel of Aleppo is one of the city's most iconic landmarks, but the war has left it badly damaged inside and out.

Syrian government soldiers used the citadel as a defensive stronghold and, as a result, it frequently came under fire from rebel fighters.

Umayyad mosque: 6 Oct 2010, 17 Dec 2016

Umayyad mosque before and after

Just to the west of the citadel, the Great or Umayyad Mosque - built between the 8th and 13th centuries - has been left almost in ruins. Its 45m (150ft) 11th century minaret was toppled three years ago.

Al-Shibani School

Interactive

2016

The school has been badly damaged during the fighting in Aleppo, pictured December 2016

2009

People attend a music concert in the school courtyard in June 2009

The 12th Century al-Shibani School, just to the south of the mosque, had become a venue for hosting cultural events and exhibitions after a major renovation.

Now the centre is deserted, in need of major building work.

Hammam al-Nahasin: 6 Oct 2010, 17 Dec 2016

Turkish baths before and after Image copyright Reuters

Hammam al-Nahasin, also just south of the mosque, is situated in the heart of Aleppo's ancient souk and dates back to the 13th Century.

The male-only bathhouse was another popular tourist destination before the civil war.

Shabha Mall: 12 Dec 2009, 16 Oct 2014

Shahba Mall before and after Image copyright Reuters

It isn't just the old city that has been damaged. The fighting has also closed the Shabha Mall - one of the largest shopping centres in Aleppo.

The mall was for a while reportedly used by so-called Islamic State as a prison before being taken over by the rival jihadist group, al-Nusra Front.

All images courtesy of Reuters.

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