Middle East

Iranian views on what nuclear deal might bring

Iranian students form a human chain during a protest to defend their country's nuclear facilities outside the Fordo uranium enrichment facility outside Qom (19 November 2013) Image copyright AFP
Image caption Iran has insisted its nuclear programme is entirely for peaceful purposes, though world powers want to make sure

Iran and world powers are holding critical talks in Vienna to try to reach a deal on Iran's nuclear programme by a deadline of 24 November. An agreement could see a lifting of years of international sanctions on Iran and better relations with foreign countries.

BBC Persian has been asking Iranians how they have been affected economically and about their views on a potential deal.


Ali, in Isfahan

Our country has borders with Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey - which is a Nato member- and India.

If, God forbid, some radical militia takes control in Pakistan and is hostile towards Iran then how can I as an Iranian confront them?

I believe our officials that they are not making nuclear bombs. I also believe it is wrong to make them. But we need a nuclear deterrent.

I don't know if the Israelis are our friends or our enemies. Some believe Israel is an enemy, and those people think that we need a nuclear deterrent against Israel.

Europe and the US have to understand that Iran is a geopolitical country with a very strategic location. If Iranian officials accept a deal without meeting our needs, I would accuse them of treachery.


Setareh, retired teacher in Tehran

The Iranian people would like to be looked up to by the rest of the world.

There are thousands of talented and very clever Iranians in America who would like to come back to Iran and bring their knowledge and the latest technology with them.

They want to be connected to the world. All that will be possible if they reach an agreement and I'm sure they will.


Parvin, female activist in Tehran

An agreement over Iran's nuclear programme would affect my life psychologically and economically.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Economic sanctions have been imposed by the UN, US and EU

As a result we will all feel that things are going to get better. We will feel more secure and stable. We will have a brighter prospect for our future.

We might not feel the economic benefits immediately, but the feeling of security and stability is very valuable for me and others.


Soma, Iranian trader in Ahvaz

Those who don't want the talks to succeed don't know anything about ordinary people's lives.

They only think about their own benefits. They only think about how much money they're making. They don't care about how it affects the people.

We are really suffering. We are under sanctions in many different areas. Everyone has become weak.

Take the rice price for example. Rice now costs five times as much as it used to.


Mohammad, businessman in Mahshahr

I'm in the oil and petroleum business. I think businessmen and entrepreneurs have already seen the effects of the interim nuclear deal.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Iran says it needs the enrichment capacity to produce fuel for the Bushehr power plant from 2021 onwards

In Imam Khomeini port, there are a lot of ships waiting to unload their cargoes in Iran. Sometimes there are queues. This shows that letters of credit for Iranian banks are working.

Secondly, since the last deal the interest rates being charged by Iranian banks have come down. There's no need to worry about whether or not a deal will be done. It's something that is beneficial to both sides.

Iran is one of the main energy producers in the world and if this balance is distorted, it will affect business across the whole world.

But the Iranian economy has been dependent on Europe and the West for years and it still is. So we both need each other.


Vahid, doctor in Tehran:

We're all waiting for news and feeling a lot of stress. I hope the burden of this will be lifted soon.

If they reach an agreement it will change people's lives in Iran.

The country's economy is a disaster. Five out of 10 of my patients don't have money to pay me.

If the sanctions are lifted, I am sure everything will get better


Mona, masters graduate living in Italy:

I doubt that the Iranian side will have the upper hand in the upcoming negotiations. I don't think that they will be able to control the direction of these talks.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption There have been multiple rounds of talks but gaps still remain

Iran is the weaker side because for the Iranian government the most important aim is to keep the regime intact and they don't think about the national interest.

I think they will be happy even with a short-term agreement which is not beneficial for the nation.


Mohammad, in Sabzevar:

The nuclear issue is the only area where President Rouhani's government has acted positively. This is the only problem they care about.

If they manage to reach a deal with the West, it will create a domino effect.

The economy will improve and other problems in the country will be fixed too.