Middle East

One year since Mubarak: Egyptians fear for the future

It's one year since Egypt's former President Hosni Mubarak was forced from power following an 18-day uprising that began on 25 January.

But many ordinary people in the country feel the revolution has still not achieved its goals. Some think their lives are worse.

The BBC's Yolande Knell and Hamada Abu Qammar asked people in Cairo for their views.

Ashraf Muhammad, travel company manager

One year ago I felt like we were freed from a noose. We were in prison and the gates were opened.

I always believed that Mubarak had done good and bad things for the country, but during the revolution we found out that he was responsible for a lot of corruption.

We still need to bring the corrupt people to justice.

There have been two big changes in Egypt. Many people felt like the revolution was a starting point for change. They set out to develop themselves and reform and rebuild the country.

But there are also those who have used their new freedom for criminal purposes. They steal money and cars. The police allow this because they want us to feel that Mubarak may have been corrupt, but people were safer in his time.

Sandra Hani, Giza resident

Last year, I felt like the revolution had won when Mubarak was removed; but actually the same system is still present so nothing changed really.

I think the focus on insecurity is just a tactic [by remnants of the old regime]. They want everyone to be terrified about crime so we don't complain any more.

What is the priority for change in Egypt? The youth need to have the chance to work. Even when very intelligent students graduate from college it's very hard for them to find jobs.

Taxi driver, Mohammad Sherbini

I was happy when Mubarak stepped down because Egypt was in a state of "living death", for 30 years we were under occupation. But still the revolution hasn't achieved its purpose.

That's why I can't say the people in Tahrir don't have a right to protest. For sure they do. One year on, the country is still unstable. The revolution hasn't yet achieved its purpose.

The ex-ministers are mobilising thugs to stir up trouble. It looks like even the [Port Said] football match violence was planned. Otherwise, crime has increased a little and the economy has ground to a halt. This must be a top priority for the new government.

And just imagine, people can't afford their rent, so how can they afford education for their kids or doctors?

Another thing, in Egypt now, people should be treated fairly. I am an Egyptian citizen, you shouldn't stop and search me for no reason.

Hany, businessman

I am against Mubarak because I believe he killed off the loyalty of the Egyptian people. He killed our values. Yet I wasn't a demonstrator.

When Mubarak left I was confused about what would happen next. Now, months have passed and we still don't have a clear direction for the country. There is no clear leadership.

The political parties aren't speaking with one voice. We don't know what the "silent majority" wants. I hope the presidential election will help us decide.

Egyptians are not violent people by nature. Even in the poorest areas I don't have any fear of the person next to me. But lately yes, I have been a little worried. Some thugs are taking the opportunity to do illegal things.

I hope that once the demonstrations by the interior ministry are over the police will come back and we will feel safe.

Asmaa and Sahar, unemployed university graduates

Image caption Unemployed graduates Asmaa and Sahaar, who did not wish to be identified in a picture

Asmaa: Quite honestly I wasn't happy or sad when Mubarak left. It hasn't affected me at all. Still a lot of corruption exists.

As graduates, we are all frustrated. We feel a game is being played with us and we can't see any future.

I studied history at university. Really I was looking for any kind of suitable job. Now I have reached a point where I've given up, I don't look any more. We still need better ethics and morals. This is what will change Egypt.

Sahar: We have been hoping things will get better but the problem is that the same people are in control behind the scenes. We need to get rid of the bureaucracy and corruption. It's killing us.

For a week now I've been trying to sort out some papers I need and I've had to pay a lot of money. It's time that everyone from the previous regime left his post.

It's still very hard to find jobs. Young men can't find work so it's even harder for women. I am looking for an administrative position, but the employers give priority to their relatives.

For example, I am qualified as a lawyer but I can't get work in the State Council. Yet I know a woman who is working there without the right qualifications.