Latin America & Caribbean

Venezuela crisis: Who is parliament leader Juan Guaidó?

Venezuela National Assembly leader Juan Guaidó Image copyright AFP/Getty
Image caption The US has backed National Assembly president Juan Guaidó as Venezuela's interim president

"I swear to formally assume the national executive powers as acting president," Juan Guaidó told cheering crowds of protesters in Venezuela in January.

His announcement led US President Donald Trump to recognise the 35-year-old as the country's interim leader.

Mr Trump declared President Nicolás Maduro's government "illegitimate" and encouraged other countries to back the opposition politician.

But who is Juan Guaidó?

His election as leader of the opposition-held National Assembly has re-energised those unhappy with Mr Maduro's rule in a country crippled by a severe economic crisis.

But prior to becoming the head of the legislative body on 5 January, Mr Guaidó was relatively unknown.

He was born one of seven children in the port city of La Guaira in the state of Vargas.

To this day he supports the local baseball team, Tiburones de La Guaira, or the La Guiara Sharks - which has not won the national league since 1986.

He was 15 years old when Nicolás Maduro's predecessor, Hugo Chávez, came to power in 1999.

That same year heavy rains caused flash floods which swept through La Guaira, killing tens of thousands of people and destroying large swathes of the city.

Mr Guaidó and his family survived the Vargas tragedy, although people close to him reportedly say the government's ineffective response drove him into politics.

Image copyright AFP/Getty
Image caption Mr Guaidó was a compromise pick for head of the National Assembly

He studied industrial engineering at university, before completing graduate degrees at George Washington University in the US capital and Venezuelan private business school Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración.

As a student, Mr Guaidó protested against what he saw as Mr Chavez's efforts to control the media when he did not renew the license of independent broadcaster Radio Caracas Television.

Mr Guaidó was a founding member of centrist political party Popular Will in 2009, along with key opposition leader Leopoldo López.

Mr López, who was later put under house arrest, reportedly acted as a mentor to him.

The pair speak several times a day, according to Bloomberg.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Leopoldo López is currently being held under house arrest

Mr Guaidó was elected to the National Assembly in 2011 and became a representative for his home state in 2016.

He was reportedly wounded during massive protests against Mr Maduro's government in 2017, telling the Associated Press he still has projectiles lodged in his neck.

His daughter Miranda - named after a famous forerunner to revolutionary hero, Simón Bolivar - was born during the violence.

Mr Guaidó's wife Fabiana Rosales is also an activist, and has posted about their family on Instagram.

Opposition parties picked him to lead the National Assembly as a compromise candidate, and he took up his post in January.

State security forces arrested Mr Guaidó just days after his election, with video on Twitter allegedly showing men dragging him from a car.

But he was released from detention hours later and travelled to a rally as scheduled.

His youth and his background - Vargas is one of Venezuela's poorest states - means the government has struggled to paint him as a member of the country's elite.

But critics have attacked his lack of policies. While he dismissed Mr Maduro as a "usurper" when addressing protesters on Wednesday, he gave little indication of his vision for Venezuela.

Reports however suggest he supports the Popular Will party's policies of a market economy and greater powers for regional governments.

Mr Guaidó has called on the army to withdraw its support for Mr Maduro, promising an amnesty for those soldiers who do so.

In April, he was accused of promoting a small coup attempt after announcing in a video on Twitter - surrounded by uniformed men - that he was in the "final phase" of ending Mr Maduro's rule.

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