Europe

Coronavirus: The grim crisis in Europe's care homes

An employee delivers a coffin at the Fondation Rothschild retirement home (Ehpad) in Paris where 16 residents have died and 81 have been infected with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues in France, March 25, 2020 Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Sixteen people have died at the Rothschild care home in Paris

Deaths can be invisible, coffins are hard to hide.

Outside the Rothschild care home in Paris, a delivery van pulls up to unload its pale wooden cargo, still wrapped in factory plastic.

A delivery man tells one waiting journalist, it is "non-stop".

The gates of the care home are firmly shut. Sixteen people have died here from suspected coronavirus, another 80 are infected.

Shuttered from the outside world

More than a third of care homes in the Paris region alone are thought to have been affected by coronavirus. But while hospital deaths are recorded in the daily toll of coronavirus, deaths in care homes are not.

Alexandre Sanner works as a doctor for another care home, in Vosges, in the east of France, where at least 20 people have died.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Alexandre Sanner says that the care home where he works was hit hard by the coronavirus

"There was a cluster of about fifty people with fever, followed by severe pneumonia," he said. "At the height of the epidemic here, there must have been 25 or 30 patients on oxygen."

Few of the cases in France's retirement homes are ever tested for the virus, once an initial outbreak has been confirmed. But day after day, stories are emerging of double-digit death tolls inside these institutions, now virtually shuttered from the outside world.

As Italy and Spain have so far seen Europe's biggest and deadliest outbreaks, so have the elderly in care homes borne the most painful brunt, enveloped by twin crises of mass infection and staffing shortages.

In Italy, hundreds of deaths have been reported in residential homes in Bergamo in the north, while 83 elderly residents went without food at a home for two days in the south because staff had to go into quarantine.

Alarm at runaway death rates in Spain's care homes was first raised at Madrid's Monte Hermoso centre, where at least 20 died from coronavirus. Military units were dispatched to care homes around the country, offering emergency assistance and disinfecting more than 1,300 centres.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption At least 10 residents died in this nursing home in Cajar in southern Spain

The arrival of authorities often comes too late. Twenty-three people were found dead in another Madrid residence, including two of the nuns who provided care.

In a home in Alcoi, near Alicante, 26 out of 130 residents died. More than 1,600 residents of care homes died in the first four weeks of March, with more than half believed to have fallen victim to Covid-19.

Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media captionSpanish doctor 'scared and exhausted' by pandemic

Relatives express anger at the lack of information about the outbreaks, while workers explain that already insufficient staffing levels and a lack of protective clothing quickly lead to a state of collapse as carers come down with the virus and have to self-isolate.

France is launching a new app to count coronavirus cases inside care homes, and include them in its national totals. France's most senior health official has said that numbers could spiral as a result.

The speed of this epidemic has left the government racing to catch up.

'There's nothing we can do'

At the beginning of March, President Emmanuel Macron visited a care home to talk about protection from the virus. He was filmed sitting at a table, surrounded by elderly residents: no face-masks; no social distancing.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption President Macron visited a care home just days before such visits were banned

A few days later, all visits to France's retirement homes were banned. And last week, the government said all residents should be individually isolated in their rooms.

But care workers say that they are now the biggest risk to residents.

We talked to one nurse, who wanted to be known just as "Carol". She said that some homes had been keeping masks in reserve for a coronavirus outbreak, and not giving them to staff.

You may also want to read:

And with many staff off sick or in isolation themselves, she says, the spread of this virus is very hard to control.

"As soon as the coronavirus enters a care home, it's all over," she told me.

"There's nothing we can do. Since we don't have enough staff, it'll be dramatic. Once the virus enters the home, there'll be a huge number of deaths."

'The fight has only just begun'

Space in hospital life-support units in the Paris region is now critically low and there are shortages of some drugs.

The health minister has said France will begin mass testing of its population, and has ordered a billion face-masks to protect healthcare staff.

The prime minister Edouard Philippe has extended the national quarantine for another two weeks.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The quarantine will remain in place for another fortnight

"The fight has only just begun," he said, warning that the first half of April would be "even more difficult" than the previous 15 days.

Every night, French residents stand at their open windows to applaud the country's medical staff.

Solidarity with doctors, nurses and care-home workers is one thing. But polls suggest that trust in the government has plummeted, even before the wave of this epidemic has peaked.

More on this story