Europe

Turkey's AKP works to try and form new government

A poster of Turkey's Prime Minister and leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) Ahmet Davutoglu Image copyright AP
Image caption AKP supporters have been celebrating even though the party lost its majority

Turkey's AK party is meeting to try to form a government after losing its majority at a general election for the first time in 13 years.

It secured 41%, a sharp drop from 2011, and must form a coalition or face entering a minority government.

The Turkish lira and shares dropped sharply on Monday morning.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said no party had won enough support to govern alone - indicating the AKP would seek to form a coalition.

Mr Erdogan called for all parties to take a "healthy and realistic" evaluation of the results.

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is meeting AKP cabinet members and officials to assess the election results in Ankara.

After the official final result is declared, he will have 45 days to form a government.

No party has yet indicated it is willing to join a coalition with the AKP.

One of Mr Davutoglu's deputies, Numan Kurtulmus, said he believed a government could be formed in that time, but that an early election was possible.

The result is a blow to Mr Erdogan's plans to boost his office's powers.

He first came to power as prime minister in 2003 and had been seeking a two-thirds majority to turn Turkey into a presidential republic.

Image copyright AP
Image caption A victim of Friday's bombing in the HDP's heartland of Diyarbakir turned out to vote on Sunday
Image copyright AP
Image caption Mr Davutoglu and his wife greeted supporters following the election results

The pro-Kurdish HDP crossed the 10% threshold, securing seats in parliament for the first time.

HDP leader Selahattin Demirtas ruled out entering into a coalition with the AKP.

"The discussion of executive presidency and dictatorship have come to an end in Turkey with these elections," Mr Demirtas said.

Many turned out to vote in the HDP's heartland of Diyarbakir, two days after a bombing in the eastern city killed two people and injured 200 more.

Image copyright AFP/Getty Images
Image caption HDP co-leader Selahattin Demirtas has ruled out a coalition with the AKP

Who are the HDP?

  • The People's Democratic Party was founded as a pro-Kurdish party in 2012
  • There are 15m Kurds in Turkey - or 20% of the population
  • The party has since attracted support across the left
  • It had the only openly gay candidate in Turkey's elections
  • A higher proportion of women ran for the HDP than any other party

Kurds, women, gays put faith in upstart Turkish party

On Monday morning, the Turkish currency fell to near-record lows against the dollar, and shares dropped by more than 8% soon after the Istanbul stock exchange opened.

The central bank acted quickly to prop up the lira by cutting the interest rate on foreign currency deposits.

Image copyright EPA

The BBC's Mark Lowen in Istanbul

The AKP has polled worse than it ever feared and lost its majority. President Erdogan will be unable to change the constitution and extend his powers.

It's a stark contrast with the HDP, which gambled to run as a single party for the first time, hoping to cross the 10% threshold. It paid off, gaining a significant voice for the Kurdish minority on the national stage.

It succeeded by appealing beyond the Kurds, drawing in leftists and staunch Erdogan opponents with its message of equality, gay rights and environmental concerns.

This could be the start of a new political era here; a major setback for a president who has polarised this nation.

In a volatile Middle East, Turkey matters greatly - and so the path it takes, the nature of its democracy and the leaders it produces, all have implications far beyond its borders.

Turkey's least predictable election

Profile: Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Image copyright EPA
Image caption President Erdogan's heavy involvement in the general election campaign proved controversial

With nearly all the votes counted, the AKP looks likely to win 258 seats in parliament, 18 fewer than it requires for a majority.

The Republican People's Party (CHP) again looks likely to be the second largest party, polling around 25% of the vote.

In third place is the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) on 16.5%, with the People's Democratic Party (HDP) in fourth with 13%.

The HDP is expected to finish with 75 to 80 seats after attracting votes beyond its Kurdish support base.


Recep Tayyip Erdogan - key dates

1994-1998 - Mayor of Istanbul, until military officers make power grab

1998 - Islamist Welfare Party banned, Erdogan jailed for four months for inciting religious hatred

Aug 2001 - Founds Islamist-rooted AK Party (Justice and Development) with ally Abdullah Gul

2002-3 - AKP wins solid majority in parliamentary election, Erdogan appointed prime minister

Jun 2013 - Clashes as protesters rally at Gezi Park in Istanbul against AKP's urban redevelopment

Dec 2013 - Corruption inquiry sparks feud between Erdogan and erstwhile ally, US-based Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen

Aug 2014 - Becomes president after first-ever direct elections for head of state