A gunman has shot and killed the founder of a newspaper that reports on corruption and police abuses in Russia's southern republic of Dagestan.
Gadzhimurat Kamalov was hit by a hail of bullets outside the offices of his newspaper Chernovik late on Thursday, in Dagestan's capital Makhachkala.
Violence is rife in Dagestan, where police have been battling Islamist insurgents since the 1990s.
Chernovik staff have been "persecuted", a US-based media watchdog says.
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) called Kamalov's violent death "a massive loss for independent journalism in the North Caucasus, Russia's most dangerous place for reporters".
The CPJ says Russia has one of the worst records in the world for attacks on journalists, with 18 unsolved press murders since 2000.
The weekly Chernovik - meaning "rough draft" - was founded by Kamalov in 2003. He was its editor for several years and remained its publisher until his death.