Bali Nine Australians Chan and Sukumaran moved to execution site

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The Bali Nine ringleaders - the essential background in one minute

Two Australian men convicted of leading the Bali Nine drug smuggling ring have been moved to the Indonesian island where they are due to be executed.

Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran are among a group of foreigners expected to face a firing squad in the coming days.

Australia has heavily lobbied Indonesia to halt the execution - PM Tony Abbott said he was "revolted" by the prospect.

The pair were convicted in 2005 after being caught attempting to smuggle heroin from Bali to Australia.

Indonesia has some of the toughest drug laws in the world and ended a four-year moratorium on executions in 2013.

President Joko Widodo has said the drugs trade destroys lives in Indonesia and he will show no mercy to convicted dealers.

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The BBC's Karishma Vaswani reports: The pair are at the centre of a ''diplomatic clash'' between Indonesia and Australia

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Australian PM Tony Abbott sais people "feel sick to their stomach" at the prospect of these executions

Chan and Sukumaran left Kerobokan jail in Bali early on Wednesday morning in armoured cars. They were then flown to Nusakambangan, the high-security prison island where Indonesia conducts executions.

Chan's brother Michael and Sukumaran's mother Raji, who have visited the pair regularly, were seen talking with prison guards after the convoy left. Australian media said they were refused a request to see the pair.

The men are scheduled to be executed alongside citizens from countries including France, Brazil, Ghana and Nigeria. A woman from the Philippines also facing execution has appealed for a judicial review.

It is not clear when the executions will take place, but the authorities must legally give the convicts 72 hours notice.

Analysis: Karishma Vaswani, Indonesia editor, BBC News

There have been unprecedented levels of security for this transfer. Some media outlets have reported that members of Indonesia's anti-terror unit Detachment 88 are also involved - highly unusual for the transfer of two drug convicts.

But that may be because of the unprecedented level of media interest in this case.

Chan and Sukumaran have had all their appeals and applications for clemency rejected by the Indonesian government, despite repeated representations on their behalf by the Australian government and human rights activists who say the two men have reformed.

Their planned executions have raised tensions between Australia and Indonesia, at a time when the two countries were just starting to repair ties after a spying incident.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo has said that no amount of foreign pressure will stop the executions from going ahead.

Speaking to ABC News on Wednesday, Mr Abbott said millions of Australians were feeling "sick in their stomachs at the thought of what's likely to happen to these two men".

He acknowledged that they had "committed a terrible crime", but added: "We abhor the death penalty, which we think is beneath a country such as Indonesia."

Image source, AFP
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Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran were arrested in 2005
Image source, AFP
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Indonesia's Nusakambangan prison, where the executions are due to take place

Who are the Bali Nine?

  • The eight men and one woman were arrested in April 2005 at an airport and hotel in Bali, Indonesia after a tip-off from Australian police.
  • They were trying to carry 8.3kg (18lb) of heroin back to Australia
  • In 2006 a court ruled that Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran had recruited the others and paid their costs. They were sentenced to death
  • The other seven are serving sentences of between 20 years and life, after some had death sentences revoked on appeal
  • Chan and Sukumaran have repeatedly appealed against their sentences and say they are reformed characters - Chan teaches Bible and cookery classes in prison while Sukumaran is an artist

Chan and Sukumaran's relatives and supporters have pleaded for their lives to be spared, arguing that they have been rehabilitated while in jail.

Lawyers for the two men said they were still attempting to mount a legal challenge but Indonesia's Attorney General Muhammad Prasetyo said on Monday that any legal appeals were no longer valid following the earlier rejection of clemency by Mr Widodo.

France and Brazil have also protested: Paris has summoned the Indonesian envoy and Brazil's president refused to accept the credentials of the new Indonesian ambassador.

If the executions go ahead, it would be the second group of drug offenders to be put to death since Mr Widodo came to power.

In January, Indonesia executed six people, five of whom were foreigners, for drug offences.

The Netherlands and Brazil, whose citizens were executed, recalled their ambassadors to Indonesia in response, saying this severely affected diplomatic relations.