Mongolia's public broadcaster competes with privately-owned and satellite and cable outlets.
Press freedom is generally respected, says the US-based NGO Freedom House. But media ownership is opaque and many journalists self-censor to avoid offending political or business interests.
Reporters Without Borders says that more than half of all the defamation cases in Mongolia are brought against journalists and media.
Despite a high level of literacy, newspaper circulations tend to be small. Some titles are published by political parties.
BBC World Service broadcasts on 103.1 FM in Ulan Bator.
There were 2 million internet users by December 2017, around 67% of the population (InternetWorldStats). There are no official restrictions on web access.