India

India to ratify Paris climate deal in October

smoke billows from two smoke stacks at the coal-based Badarpur Thermal Station in New Delhi. Image copyright AFP
Image caption Coal-powered thermal power plants meet most of India's energy needs

India, one of the world's largest greenhouse gas emitters, will ratify the Paris global climate agreement pact next month, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said.

CO2 emissions are believed to be the driving force behind climate change.

The Paris deal is the world's first comprehensive climate agreement.

It will only come into force legally after it is ratified by at least 55 countries, which between them produce 55% of global carbon emissions.

"Ratification is yet to be done and India too is yet to do it. I announce that India will ratify the decision on October 2, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi," Mr Modi said in a speech at a national meeting of his ruling party in the southern state of Kerala.

Last December, countries agreed to cut emissions in a bid to keep the global average rise in temperatures below 2C.

The US and China - together responsible for 40% of the world's carbon emissions - both formally joined the Paris global climate agreement earlier this month.


Paris agreement: Key points

  • To keep global temperature increase "well below" 2C and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5C
  • To peak greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and achieve a balance between sources and sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century
  • To review progress every five years
  • $100bn a year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020, with a commitment to further finance in the future
  • Once the deal comes into force, countries that have ratified it have to wait for a minimum of three years before they exit

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