French Polynesia territory profile

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Map of French Polynesia

French Polynesia is a sprawling possession of France in the Pacific Ocean, made up of 118 volcanic and coral islands and atolls, including Tahiti.

For France this huge stretch of the Pacific - as big as Western Europe - remains strategically valuable. Atomic testing on the atolls enabled France to keep the nuclear clout it needed to remain one of the world's leading powers.

There are five island groups - the Society Islands, the Tuamotu archipelago, the Gambier Islands, the Marquesas Islands and the Tubuai Islands. Tahiti is the most densely-populated island.

European contact was gradual; the Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and British were credited with the discovery of one or more of the islands. In the 18th century European traders and missionaries came, bringing diseases that wiped out much of the indigenous population.

The missionaries tried to put a stop to local religious practices, nudity and other aspects of indigenous life. Some forms of Polynesian culture were lost for many years.

Image source, AFP/Getty Images
Image caption,
Dancers in traditional costume at an event in Papeete

Tahiti, in the Society islands, became a French colony in 1880. France later annexed other islands to form the French Colony of Oceania. In 1946 the islands became an overseas territory and in 2004 gained "overseas country" status.

Pro-independence movements flourished in the 1970s and over time the islands took more control of internal affairs, culminating in a statute granting increased autonomy in 1996.

In 2014, French Polynesia's assembly adopted a resolution asking France to pay nearly $1bn in compensation for the environmental damage caused by its nuclear weapons tests. The resolution was tabled by the ruling anti-independence party without the support of the territorial government, signalling a major rift within the party's ranks.

French Polynesia enjoys a high standard of living, but wealth is unevenly distributed and unemployment is high.

Tourism is an important money-earner; travellers favour Tahiti and Bora Bora. Boasting a year-round warm climate, volcanic peaks and tranquil lagoons, it is easy to see why the islands are popular. French Polynesia is, though, prone to typhoons.



Head of state: The president of France, represented by a high commissioner

President: Edouard Fritch

Image source, Getty Images

Edouard Fritch was elected as the president of French Polynesia in 2014, succeeding his mentor and father-in-law Gaston Flosse.

He was re-elected for a second consecutive term in May 2018.

A veteran politician, Fritch has previously served as speaker of the Assembly, vice-president and government spokesman.

He has been elected to the parliament in all elections since 1986 and has also served in various ministerial posts.

In 2012 he was elected as member of the French National Assembly with the party of Jean-Louis Borloo.


Image source, AFP/Getty Images
Image caption,
A nuclear test on Mururoa atoll in 1971

There are two daily newspapers. TV and radio services are provided by the French public overseas broadcaster, the Reseau Outre-Mer, and by private operators.

Multichannel TV is available; channels include French and international stations.

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