Africa

Kofi Annan's funeral: World leaders bid farewell to ex-UN chief

Ashanti chiefs join local chiefs, politicians and extended family members to pay their respects to Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and former Secretary General of United Nations who died on August 18 at the age of 80 after a short illness, at the entrance of Accra International Conference Centre in Accra on September 12, 2018 Image copyright AFP
Image caption Funeral ceremonies in Ghana are usually elaborate affairs

World leaders and royalty have paid their respects to one of Africa's most famous diplomats, Kofi Annan, at his funeral in his home country of Ghana.

It is the climax of three days of mourning which saw thousands of Ghanaians file past his coffin as it lay in state in the capital, Accra.

Annan died on 18 August in Switzerland at the age of 80.

Mourners arrive for the funeral ceremony of Kofi Annan, a Ghanaian diplomat and former Secretary General of United Nations who died on August 18 at the age of 80 after a short illness, at the Accra International Conference Centre on September 13, 2018. Image copyright AFP
Image caption Red and black are the traditional colours of mourning in Ghana

He was UN secretary-general from 1997 to 2006, the first black African to hold the world's top diplomatic post.

He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 for helping to revitalise the international body, during a period that coincided with the Iraq War and the HIV/Aids pandemic.

Soldiers guard the coffin of Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and former Secretary General of United Nations who died on August 18 at the age of 80 after a short illness, at the Accra International Conference Centre in Accra ahead of his funeral on September 12, 2018. Image copyright AFP
Image caption Annan's body lay in state after it arrived from Switzerland

Speaking at the funeral, current UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres said Annan was an exceptional leader who saw the UN as a force for good.

"As we face the headwinds of our troubled and turbulent times, let us always be inspired by the legacy of Kofi Annan," Mr Guterres said.

"Our world needs it now more than ever," he added.

A street artist sketches the portrait of Kofi Annan, at the venue after the state funeral at the Accra International Conference centre, Ghana, 13 September 2018. Image copyright EPA
Image caption An artist named Real Pen Pencil has been sketching portraits of Annan since his death
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'Irresistible aura'

By Mayeni Jones, BBC News, Accra

Mourners in traditional black and red attire filled the main hall of the Accra Conference Centre, which sits about 4,000 people. More are watching proceedings on a giant screen in an auditorium just outside the hall.

There have been hymns and a performance by soprano and human rights campaigner Barbara Hendricks.

Annan's nephew Kojo Amoo-Gottfried read a eulogy, describing how he had led a hunger strike in his secondary school to protest against the quality of food in the dining hall.

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Media captionBBC Africa looks back at the career of Kofi Annan

There were also a moving tribute by his wife, Swedish lawyer and artist Nane Maria Annan. She described how her husband was always excited to return home, and thanked Ghana for giving the world such an extraordinary man.

She said her husband had an irresistible aura of radiant warmth.

"His legacy would live on through his foundation and through all of us," she concluded.

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A boy dances as drummers in traditional dress perform at the Accra International Conference centre where the body of the late Kofi Annan has been laid in state in Accra, Ghana, 11 September 2018 Image copyright EPA
Image caption Drumming echoed through the funeral venue as Ghanaians celebrated Annan's life

The former queen of the Netherlands, Princess Beatrix, and her daughter-in-law Princess Mabel, who were close friends of Annan, were among the mourners.

The king of Ghana's Asante people, Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II, awarded Annan the title Busumuru in 2012 to honour his role as an international diplomat.

Busumuru is one of the swords attached to the monarch's Golden Stool, or throne.

Paramount chiefs' magnificent ceremonial umbrellas at Annan's funeral Image copyright Ayo Bello/BBC
Image caption Ghana's traditional rulers came with magnificent ceremonial umbrellas to pay their respects

Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo described Annan as "one of the truly iconic figures of modern times".

"The outpouring of tributes from the world over is an accurate measure of the man, a man who gave his life to making peace where there was conflict, to defending the voiceless who were powerless, to promoting virtue where there was evil," he said.

Local chiefs, politicians and extended family members wait to pay their respects to Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and former Secretary General of United Nations who died on August 18 at the age of 80 after a short illness, at the entrance of Accra International Conference Centre in Accra on September 12, 2018. Image copyright AFP
Image caption Ghanaians were extremely proud of Mr Annan's achievements

The Anglican bishop of Annan's home city of Kumasi in central Ghana, the Most Reverend Daniel Sarfo, said: "Today history is being made in Ghana. One of our illustrious sons is lying here.

"But we are grateful that God used him over the years to work for humanity, for peace. Today, as he lies here, he has finished his work."

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