Africa

Mozambique lion numbers 'grow as elephants poached'

A lion and a lioness rest at Lion Park, near Pretoria, on June 29, 2010. Image copyright AFP
Image caption Lions are found in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa

The lion population at Mozambique's largest game reserve has risen partly because they are feeding on elephants killed by poachers, a conservationist has told the BBC.

Lions at the Niassa National Reserve also prey on baby elephants orphaned by poachers, Colleen Begg said.

Poachers kill the elephants to remove their tusks but leave the carcasses.

There is huge demand in Asia for tusks, which are used for medicinal purposes and as ornaments.

Mrs Begg, who heads the Niassa Carnivore Project, told the BBC the number of lions at the game reserve had increased over the last decade to between 800 and 1,000.

"The death of 6,000-7,000 elephants since 2011 has resulted in a large amount of meat that was previously unavailable," she said.

"In 2009, we recorded our first calf eaten by lions and this has also steadily increased as these are orphans that are easy to catch," she added.

The heavy poaching of elephants has benefited lions whose populations increase quickly if there is more food, Mrs Begg said.

On average, a lion eats up to seven kilograms (15 pounds) of meat a day while a female elephant provides them with 3,500 kg, she added.

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