Zambia profile - Media
State-run radio and TV, operated by the ZNBC, are on the air alongside private broadcasters.
Radio is the main source of information. ZNBC is the only broadcaster with national reach.
The government uses financial pretexts or laws on defamation and sedition to prosecute journalists, says Reporters Without Borders.
The media came under "sustained assault" in 2016, a presidential election year, says the Committee to Protect Journalists. Broadcasting licences were suspended and a major non-state newspaper, The Post, was closed.
Relays of BBC World Service (98.1 FM in Lusaka and Kitwe) and Radio France Internationale are on the air. There are scores of local radio stations. Multichannel pay-TV is available.
There were nearly 3.2 million internet users by 2016 (Internetlivestats.com).
- Zambia Daily Mail - state-owned
- Times of Zambia - state-owned
- Daily Nation - private
- Zambia Reports - private, news website
- Zambian Watchdog - private, news website
- Lusaka Times - private, news website
- Lusaka Voice - news website
- Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC) - state-run, operates ZNBC TV1, TV2
- Muvi TV - private