Radio is the dominant medium. The national state-run network competes with regional services and private stations. There is a national TV service and a handful of private TV stations.
Broadcasts from the neighbouring French island of Mayotte can be picked up in some areas.
Most papers publish weekly; a feeble advertising market, poverty and poor distribution inhibit circulation. The leading titles are Al-Watwan, published on Grand Comore, and Kwezi, published on Mayotte.
The constitution guarantees media freedom, but there is a climate of self-censorship, says Reporters Without Borders.
Radio France Internationale is relayed part-time on FM in the capital.
There were 59,000 internet users by 2016 (Internetlivestats.com). Access is limited by a lack of infrastructure, power cuts and high connection costs, says RSF.
- Television Nationale Comorienne (TNC) - national, state-owned, operated by Office de la Radio et de la Television des Comores (ORTC)
- Mtsangani Television (MTV) - Moroni
- Radio-Television Anjouanaise (RTA) - run by Anjouan regional government
- Radio Comoros - national, state-owned, operated by Office de la Radio et de la Television des Comores (ORTC)
- Radio Dziyalandze - Anjouan, relays Radio France Internationale
- Radio-Television Anjouanaise (RTA) - official station of Anjouan regional government
- Radio Ngazidja - official station of Grand Comore regional government
- RFO Mayotte - public radio from French island of Mayotte