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Covid-19: New fear grips Europe as cases top 30m worldwide

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image captionThe virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases across the globe has surpassed 30 million, according to figures by America's Johns Hopkins University.

More than 940,000 have died with Covid-19 since the outbreak began in China late last year.

The US, India and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, but there is a renewed spike in infections across Europe.

Many northern hemisphere countries are now bracing for a second wave of the pandemic as winter approaches.

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In the UK, the government is considering taking further England-wide measures including a short period of restrictions to try to slow a second surge of infections.

Outside Europe, Israel brings in a second nationwide lockdown later on Friday - the first nation to do so.

Africa has recorded more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known. Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official figures.

What is happening in key countries?

A team of infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins University, in the US city of Baltimore, have been documenting the global spread of Covid-19 on its tracking website.

According to their data, the US remains by far the worst-hit country in terms of sheer numbers, with more than 6.6 million confirmed infections, and over 197,000 deaths.

The number of new daily infections has been dropping, though, after a spike in July.

media captionCDC director vs President Trump on face masks and vaccines

Earlier this week, President Donald Trump denied downplaying the seriousness of Covid-19, despite admitting in a recorded interview to having done that.

In India, the number of known infections climbed above five million this week - the second-highest caseload in the world.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind factors such as population size and density. For instance, India has a population of 1.3bn people.

However, the virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country, with daily cases topping 90,000 in recent days. More than 80,000 people have died, amid reports of shortages of intensive care beds and oxygen supplies.

Brazil has had more than 4.4 million confirmed cases, with more than 134,000 fatalities - the second-highest death toll after the US.

media captionBolsonaro removed his mask after announcing he had tested positive for coronavirus

President Jair Bolsonaro has come under criticism for downplaying coronavirus, particularly after attending an anti-lockdown rally. The right-wing leader - who had been calling the virus a "little flu" - himself tested positive in July.

Argentina and Mexico have also been hit hard by the outbreak in Latin America.

Argentina on Thursday reported nearly 13,000 more cases over a 24-hour period, pushing the country's overall total above 600,000.

Meanwhile, Mexico confirmed more than 3,000 daily infections, bringing the caseload to more than 680,000.

At the same time, deaths per 100,000 people vary significantly from country to country, with San Marino, Peru and Belgium having the highest rates, and India one of the lowest.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

data in detail

Scroll table to see more data

*Deaths per 100,000 people

US 224,835 68.7 8,635,705
Brazil 157,397 75.1 5,409,854
India 119,502 8.8 7,946,429
Mexico 89,171 70.7 895,326
UK 44,998 67.0 894,690
Italy 37,479 61.8 542,789
Spain 35,031 75.0 1,098,320
France 34,761 53.5 1,138,507
Peru 34,149 106.8 888,715
Iran 32,953 40.3 574,856
Colombia 30,348 61.1 1,025,052
Argentina 29,301 66.1 1,102,301
Russia 26,092 17.9 1,520,800
South Africa 19,008 32.9 716,759
Chile 14,003 74.8 503,598
Indonesia 13,411 5.0 392,934
Ecuador 12,573 73.6 162,178
Belgium 10,899 94.9 333,718
Iraq 10,671 27.8 455,398
Germany 10,103 12.2 455,629
Canada 10,026 27.0 222,973
Turkey 9,874 12.0 363,999
Bolivia 8,658 76.3 140,952
Netherlands 7,075 41.5 301,747
Philippines 7,039 6.6 371,630
Ukraine 6,767 15.3 366,025
Pakistan 6,745 3.2 329,375
Romania 6,470 33.2 212,492
Egypt 6,211 6.3 106,707
Sweden 5,933 59.5 110,594
Bangladesh 5,818 3.6 400,251
Saudi Arabia 5,313 15.8 345,232
China 4,739 0.3 91,175
Poland 4,483 11.8 263,929
Guatemala 3,651 21.2 104,894
Morocco 3,373 9.4 199,745
Panama 2,638 63.2 129,751
Honduras 2,633 27.5 93,966
Israel 2,453 29.3 310,851
Czech Republic 2,365 22.2 268,370
Portugal 2,343 22.8 121,133
Dominican Republic 2,225 20.9 124,843
Switzerland 2,111 24.8 121,093
Algeria 1,922 4.6 56,419
Ireland 1,885 39.1 58,067
Kazakhstan 1,796 9.8 110,684
Japan 1,722 1.4 97,552
Moldova 1,700 42.0 71,811
Afghanistan 1,518 4.1 40,937
Hungary 1,472 15.2 61,563
Ethiopia 1,437 1.3 93,707
Paraguay 1,333 19.2 60,109
Costa Rica 1,312 26.2 104,460
Armenia 1,222 41.4 80,410
Oman 1,190 24.6 113,354
Kyrgyzstan 1,136 18.0 56,738
Bulgaria 1,136 16.1 40,132
Nigeria 1,132 0.6 62,111
Myanmar 1,122 2.1 46,200
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,104 33.2 41,596
Austria 992 11.2 83,267
Tunisia 983 8.5 52,399
Belarus 961 10.2 93,707
El Salvador 953 14.8 32,925
North Macedonia 934 44.8 27,199
Kenya 920 1.8 49,997
Australia 905 3.6 27,541
Nepal 862 3.1 159,830
Sudan 837 2.0 13,747
Libya 801 12.0 57,223
Serbia 793 11.4 39,827
Venezuela 777 2.7 90,047
Kuwait 749 18.1 122,317
Denmark 708 12.3 41,412
Azerbaijan 679 6.8 50,486
Kosovo 663 35.9 17,943
Jordan 624 6.3 55,055
Yemen 599 2.1 2,060
Greece 581 5.5 31,496
Lebanon 579 8.4 72,186
Uzbekistan 554 1.7 65,765
United Arab Emirates 480 5.0 126,234
Albania 480 16.7 19,445
South Korea 460 0.9 26,043
Palestinian Territories 454 9.3 50,952
Croatia 452 10.9 37,208
Cameroon 426 1.7 21,793
Finland 354 6.4 14,970
Zambia 348 2.0 16,200
Senegal 322 2.0 15,565
Bahrain 316 20.1 80,533
Ghana 316 1.1 47,775
DR Congo 305 0.4 11,174
Norway 279 5.2 18,342
Syria 272 1.6 5,461
Montenegro 270 43.0 16,909
Angola 270 0.9 9,644
Slovenia 251 12.1 24,080
Madagascar 244 0.9 16,968
Zimbabwe 242 1.7 8,303
Georgia 238 5.9 32,127
Malaysia 236 0.7 27,805
Haiti 232 2.1 9,026
Qatar 230 8.3 131,432
Jamaica 192 6.5 8,749
Malawi 183 1.0 5,894
Slovakia 165 3.0 45,155
Mauritania 163 3.7 7,677
Nicaragua 155 2.4 5,434
Luxembourg 147 24.3 14,399
Lithuania 136 4.9 10,949
Namibia 133 5.4 12,675
Mali 133 0.7 3,499
Bahamas 132 34.2 6,410
Cuba 128 1.1 6,595
Ivory Coast 122 0.5 20,486
Guyana 119 15.3 4,026
Gambia 119 5.2 3,665
Eswatini 116 10.2 5,863
Guadeloupe 115 28.8 7,474
Suriname 110 19.1 5,180
Trinidad and Tobago 106 7.6 5,535
Somalia 104 0.7 3,941
Uganda 101 0.2 11,557
Chad 96 0.6 1,441
Cape Verde 94 17.3 8,423
Congo 92 1.8 5,253
Mozambique 88 0.3 12,161
Equatorial Guinea 83 6.3 5,079
Liberia 82 1.7 1,416
Tajikistan 81 0.9 10,819
Sierra Leone 74 1.0 2,346
Estonia 73 5.5 4,428
Andorra 72 93.5 4,325
Guinea 71 0.6 11,635
French Guiana 69 24.4 10,385
Niger 69 0.3 1,215
Burkina Faso 67 0.3 2,459
Central African Republic 62 1.3 4,863
Djibouti 61 6.4 5,541
Latvia 60 3.1 4,757
Thailand 59 0.1 3,746
South Sudan 56 0.5 2,883
Gabon 54 2.5 8,937
Uruguay 54 1.6 2,872
Malta 53 12.1 5,578
Togo 53 0.7 2,204
Belize 51 13.3 3,200
Channel Islands 48 28.2 796
Mayotte 44 17.0 4,321
Lesotho 43 2.0 1,943
San Marino 42 124.3 852
Benin 41 0.4 2,557
Guinea-Bissau 41 2.2 2,403
Maldives 37 7.2 11,532
Aruba 36 34.0 4,422
Vietnam 35 0.0 1,169
Rwanda 34 0.3 5,073
Singapore 28 0.5 57,973
French Polynesia 26 9.4 6,431
Cyprus 25 2.1 3,636
New Zealand 25 0.5 1,941
Martinique 24 6.4 2,257
Isle of Man 24 28.5 351
Saint Martin 22 59.0 789
Botswana 21 0.9 6,283
Tanzania 21 0.0 509
Réunion 20 2.3 5,361
Sri Lanka 16 0.1 8,413
Sao Tome and Principe 15 7.1 941
Diamond Princess cruise ship 13 712
Iceland 11 3.3 4,504
Mauritius 10 0.8 439
Bermuda 9 14.3 193
Papua New Guinea 7 0.1 588
Taiwan 7 0.0 550
Comoros 7 0.8 517
Barbados 7 2.4 233
Turks and Caicos Islands 6 15.9 701
Brunei 3 0.7 148
Antigua and Barbuda 3 3.1 124
Monaco 2 5.2 310
Fiji 2 0.2 33
MS Zaandam cruise ship 2 9
Curaçao 1 0.6 873
Burundi 1 0.0 557
Liechtenstein 1 2.6 402
Cayman Islands 1 1.6 239
British Virgin Islands 1 3.4 71
Montserrat 1 20.0 13
Western Sahara 1 0.2 10
Gibraltar 0 0.0 670
Faroe Islands 0 0.0 490
Eritrea 0 0.0 461
Bhutan 0 0.0 342
Mongolia 0 0.0 340
Cambodia 0 0.0 288
Seychelles 0 0.0 153
Saint Barthelemy 0 0.0 83
St Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0.0 73
Saint Lucia 0 0.0 63
Dominica 0 0.0 38
Timor-Leste 0 0.0 30
Grenada 0 0.0 28
Vatican 0 0.0 27
New Caledonia 0 0.0 27
Laos 0 0.0 24
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0.0 19
Greenland 0 0.0 17
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0.0 16
Falkland Islands 0 0.0 13
Solomon Islands 0 0.0 4
Anguilla 0 0.0 3

Please update your browser to see full interactive

This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 27 October 2020, 08:22 GMT

The new coronavirus first came to light after China reported a cluster of infections in the city of Wuhan in December 2019. It has come under fire for being slow to acknowledge the outbreak, allowing gatherings to take place even as concerns grew and punishing doctors for warning others.

It has since been praised for effectively slowing the spread of the virus, after imposing a massive lockdown and increasing hospital capacity. It has so far confirmed 90,000 cases and 4,700 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins, although there have been concerns of underreporting.

What is the situation in Europe?

Surging coronavirus figures on the continent should serve as "a wake-up call", the World Health Organization's regional director has said.

Speaking in Copenhagen on Thursday, Hans Kluge said in the past two weeks the number of new cases had doubled in more than half of European member states.

He said that 300,000 new infections were reported across Europe last week alone and weekly cases had exceeded those reported during the first peak in March.

According to the WHO, there have been five million confirmed cases and more than 228,000 fatalities across Europe since the pandemic began.

Is there light at the end of the tunnel?

A number of countries and companies are piling resources into finding a vaccine that is safe and effective.

President Trump has recently said a vaccine might be available before the 3 November presidential elections - despite warnings from a number of health experts that this is unrealistic.

image copyrightReuters

But experts warned that the trials were too small to prove effectiveness and safety.

No vaccine has yet completed clinical trials, leading some scientists to fear politics rather than health and safety is driving the push for the possible cure.

There are also concerns that the race to get a vaccine will be won by the richest countries, at the expense of the most vulnerable.

At the same time, more than 150 different drugs are being researched to identify treatments for people with severe Covid-19.

Of all the drugs being trialled, only steroids have been proven to save lives and the discovery has been a significant breakthrough.

The UK's Recovery trial showed the steroid dexamethasone cut the risk of death by a third for patients on ventilators and by a fifth for those on oxygen.

And further data suggests another steroid, hydrocortisone, is equally effective too.

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