Covid-19: New fear grips Europe as cases top 30m worldwide

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image captionThe virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases across the globe has surpassed 30 million, according to figures by America's Johns Hopkins University.

More than 940,000 have died with Covid-19 since the outbreak began in China late last year.

The US, India and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, but there is a renewed spike in infections across Europe.

Many northern hemisphere countries are now bracing for a second wave of the pandemic as winter approaches.

In the UK, the government is considering taking further England-wide measures including a short period of restrictions to try to slow a second surge of infections.

Outside Europe, Israel brings in a second nationwide lockdown later on Friday - the first nation to do so.

Africa has recorded more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known. Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official figures.

What is happening in key countries?

A team of infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins University, in the US city of Baltimore, have been documenting the global spread of Covid-19 on its tracking website.

According to their data, the US remains by far the worst-hit country in terms of sheer numbers, with more than 6.6 million confirmed infections, and over 197,000 deaths.

The number of new daily infections has been dropping, though, after a spike in July.

media captionCDC director vs President Trump on face masks and vaccines

Earlier this week, President Donald Trump denied downplaying the seriousness of Covid-19, despite admitting in a recorded interview to having done that.

In India, the number of known infections climbed above five million this week - the second-highest caseload in the world.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind factors such as population size and density. For instance, India has a population of 1.3bn people.

However, the virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than any other country, with daily cases topping 90,000 in recent days. More than 80,000 people have died, amid reports of shortages of intensive care beds and oxygen supplies.

Brazil has had more than 4.4 million confirmed cases, with more than 134,000 fatalities - the second-highest death toll after the US.

media captionBolsonaro removed his mask after announcing he had tested positive for coronavirus

President Jair Bolsonaro has come under criticism for downplaying coronavirus, particularly after attending an anti-lockdown rally. The right-wing leader - who had been calling the virus a "little flu" - himself tested positive in July.

Argentina and Mexico have also been hit hard by the outbreak in Latin America.

Argentina on Thursday reported nearly 13,000 more cases over a 24-hour period, pushing the country's overall total above 600,000.

Meanwhile, Mexico confirmed more than 3,000 daily infections, bringing the caseload to more than 680,000.

At the same time, deaths per 100,000 people vary significantly from country to country, with San Marino, Peru and Belgium having the highest rates, and India one of the lowest.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

data in detail

Scroll table to see more data

*Deaths per 100,000 people

US 599,116 183.2 33,390,209
Brazil 501,825 239.6 17,927,928
India 388,135 28.7 29,935,221
Mexico 231,187 183.2 2,477,283
Peru 190,202 594.6 2,026,729
UK 127,976 190.6 4,630,040
Italy 127,270 209.9 4,252,976
Russia 127,206 87.3 5,255,214
France 110,738 170.4 5,757,311
Colombia 99,934 201.2 3,945,166
Germany 90,400 108.8 3,730,126
Argentina 89,043 200.7 4,268,789
Iran 82,965 101.4 3,095,135
Spain 80,652 172.7 3,757,442
Poland 74,828 197.3 2,878,767
South Africa 58,702 101.6 1,823,319
Indonesia 54,662 20.4 1,989,909
Ukraine 54,187 122.5 2,291,458
Turkey 49,185 59.7 5,370,299
Romania 32,326 165.7 1,080,256
Chile 31,513 168.3 1,517,018
Czech Republic 30,280 283.9 1,666,082
Hungary 29,959 308.6 807,630
Canada 26,055 70.3 1,415,663
Belgium 25,136 218.9 1,079,415
Philippines 23,621 22.1 1,359,015
Pakistan 22,007 10.4 949,175
Ecuador 21,293 124.6 446,441
Bulgaria 17,990 255.1 421,032
Netherlands 17,743 104.0 1,680,615
Portugal 17,065 166.4 865,050
Iraq 16,885 43.9 1,287,465
Bolivia 16,132 142.1 422,047
Egypt 15,859 16.1 277,288
Sweden 14,574 146.2 1,084,636
Japan 14,384 11.3 785,911
Tunisia 14,038 121.4 382,950
Bangladesh 13,548 8.4 851,668
Greece 12,542 119.2 418,342
Slovakia 12,492 229.1 391,325
Paraguay 11,633 167.2 406,220
Switzerland 10,869 127.5 701,627
Austria 10,680 120.1 649,576
Jordan 9,662 97.0 746,480
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,630 289.7 204,814
Morocco 9,238 25.6 526,651
Nepal 8,726 31.1 621,056
Guatemala 8,694 50.4 280,507
Croatia 8,174 196.7 359,173
Lebanon 7,801 113.7 542,649
Saudi Arabia 7,677 22.8 474,191
Serbia 7,001 100.3 715,753
Honduras 6,766 70.6 253,875
Panama 6,475 155.0 393,727
Israel 6,427 76.7 839,940
Moldova 6,170 152.3 256,140
North Macedonia 5,475 262.8 155,624
Uruguay 5,271 152.8 354,865
Georgia 5,175 129.3 359,141
Ireland 4,979 103.3 269,037
Azerbaijan 4,962 49.9 335,493
China 4,846 0.3 103,543
Armenia 4,499 152.4 224,253
Costa Rica 4,473 89.5 350,630
Slovenia 4,412 212.3 256,982
Malaysia 4,408 14.0 696,408
Lithuania 4,367 155.9 278,407
Ethiopia 4,283 3.9 275,194
Afghanistan 3,934 10.6 98,734
Dominican Republic 3,756 35.3 316,787
Algeria 3,631 8.6 135,821
Palestinian Territories 3,551 73.0 312,673
Kazakhstan 3,510 19.2 466,125
Kenya 3,456 6.7 179,075
Myanmar 3,262 6.1 148,022
Libya 3,174 47.5 190,748
Belarus 3,044 32.2 410,678
Venezuela 2,958 10.2 260,740
Sudan 2,737 6.5 36,347
Oman 2,710 56.1 248,043
Sri Lanka 2,581 12.2 239,689
Denmark 2,530 44.0 291,652
Latvia 2,496 129.4 136,810
Albania 2,454 85.1 132,490
El Salvador 2,336 36.4 77,100
Kosovo 2,255 122.2 107,192
Nigeria 2,117 1.1 167,206
South Korea 2,004 3.9 151,506
Kyrgyzstan 1,937 30.7 115,615
Kuwait 1,870 45.2 339,032
Syria 1,845 10.9 25,118
United Arab Emirates 1,757 18.2 612,029
Zimbabwe 1,672 11.6 41,779
Thailand 1,658 2.4 221,306
Zambia 1,644 9.5 129,033
Montenegro 1,605 255.7 100,075
Yemen 1,355 4.8 6,885
Cameroon 1,313 5.2 80,328
Bahrain 1,306 83.2 262,892
Estonia 1,268 95.8 130,818
Malawi 1,168 6.4 34,868
Namibia 1,161 47.4 73,164
Cuba 1,159 10.2 167,804
Senegal 1,158 7.3 42,404
Jamaica 1,033 35.2 49,668
Finland 967 17.5 94,334
Botswana 940 41.7 63,247
Australia 910 3.7 30,355
Madagascar 901 3.4 42,123
DR Congo 879 1.0 37,809
Angola 859 2.8 37,678
Mozambique 848 2.9 72,507
Luxembourg 818 135.4 70,516
Ghana 793 2.7 94,913
Norway 790 14.8 129,333
Somalia 775 5.2 14,852
Trinidad and Tobago 737 53.0 30,619
Uzbekistan 718 2.2 106,452
Eswatini 677 59.6 18,813
Uganda 660 1.5 71,543
Qatar 583 21.0 220,800
Taiwan 549 2.3 14,005
Mali 524 2.7 14,381
Mauritania 481 10.9 20,336
Suriname 460 79.9 20,025
Mongolia 447 14.1 95,819
Guyana 447 57.4 19,096
Cambodia 441 2.7 43,446
Malta 420 95.6 30,589
Rwanda 382 3.1 30,813
Cyprus 374 31.4 73,643
Haiti 361 3.2 16,859
Lesotho 329 15.6 11,081
Belize 328 85.6 13,004
Ivory Coast 308 1.2 48,044
Cape Verde 283 52.0 32,002
Guadeloupe 265 66.3 17,288
Bahamas 241 62.5 12,295
Réunion 220 24.9 28,441
Maldives 206 39.9 71,896
Niger 193 0.9 5,469
Nicaragua 188 2.9 7,696
Gambia 181 7.9 6,024
Mayotte 174 67.0 19,389
Chad 174 1.1 4,946
Papua New Guinea 173 2.0 16,933
Guinea 168 1.4 23,450
Burkina Faso 167 0.8 13,469
Congo 161 3.1 12,298
Gabon 158 7.5 24,864
Djibouti 155 16.2 11,587
Comoros 146 17.5 3,908
French Polynesia 142 51.1 18,963
French Guiana 136 48.1 26,143
Togo 128 1.6 13,721
Andorra 127 164.9 13,842
Curaçao 125 76.8 12,318
Equatorial Guinea 120 9.2 8,698
South Sudan 115 1.0 10,770
Aruba 107 101.1 11,108
Benin 103 0.9 8,140
Martinique 99 26.4 12,130
Central African Republic 98 2.1 7,101
Liberia 95 2.0 2,995
Gibraltar 94 278.8 4,321
Tajikistan 90 1.0 13,308
San Marino 90 266.4 5,090
Channel Islands 86 50.4 4,128
Sierra Leone 82 1.1 4,816
Saint Lucia 80 44.0 5,216
Guinea-Bissau 69 3.7 3,825
Vietnam 66 0.1 13,258
Liechtenstein 59 155.6 3,026
Seychelles 55 56.6 14,123
Barbados 47 16.4 4,043
Antigua and Barbuda 42 43.6 1,263
Sao Tome and Principe 37 17.5 2,362
Singapore 34 0.6 62,414
Monaco 33 85.3 2,548
Bermuda 33 52.6 2,504
Saint Martin 32 85.9 2,570
Iceland 29 8.6 6,555
Isle of Man 29 34.5 1,599
New Zealand 26 0.5 2,721
Tanzania 21 0.0 509
Timor-Leste 19 1.5 8,707
Eritrea 19 0.6 5,362
Turks and Caicos Islands 18 47.8 2,424
Mauritius 18 1.4 1,701
Diamond Princess cruise ship 13 712
St Vincent and the Grenadines 12 10.9 2,195
Burundi 8 0.1 5,121
Fiji 7 0.8 1,964
Laos 3 0.0 2,053
Brunei 3 0.7 255
Cayman Islands 2 3.1 608
MS Zaandam cruise ship 2 9
Bhutan 1 0.1 1,924
Saint Barthelemy 1 10.2 1,005
Faroe Islands 1 2.1 766
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 1.9 341
British Virgin Islands 1 3.4 248
Grenada 1 0.9 161
Montserrat 1 20.0 20
Vanuatu 1 0.3 4
Dominica 0 0.0 191
New Caledonia 0 0.0 129
Anguilla 0 0.0 109
Falkland Islands 0 0.0 63
Greenland 0 0.0 49
Vatican 0 0.0 27
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0.0 26
Solomon Islands 0 0.0 20
Marshall Islands 0 0.0 4
Samoa 0 0.0 3
Kiribati 0 0.0 2
Palau 0 0.0 2
Micronesia 0 0.0 1

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 21 June 2021, 10:51 BST

The new coronavirus first came to light after China reported a cluster of infections in the city of Wuhan in December 2019. It has come under fire for being slow to acknowledge the outbreak, allowing gatherings to take place even as concerns grew and punishing doctors for warning others.

It has since been praised for effectively slowing the spread of the virus, after imposing a massive lockdown and increasing hospital capacity. It has so far confirmed 90,000 cases and 4,700 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins, although there have been concerns of underreporting.

What is the situation in Europe?

Surging coronavirus figures on the continent should serve as "a wake-up call", the World Health Organization's regional director has said.

Speaking in Copenhagen on Thursday, Hans Kluge said in the past two weeks the number of new cases had doubled in more than half of European member states.

He said that 300,000 new infections were reported across Europe last week alone and weekly cases had exceeded those reported during the first peak in March.

According to the WHO, there have been five million confirmed cases and more than 228,000 fatalities across Europe since the pandemic began.

Is there light at the end of the tunnel?

A number of countries and companies are piling resources into finding a vaccine that is safe and effective.

President Trump has recently said a vaccine might be available before the 3 November presidential elections - despite warnings from a number of health experts that this is unrealistic.

image copyrightReuters

But experts warned that the trials were too small to prove effectiveness and safety.

No vaccine has yet completed clinical trials, leading some scientists to fear politics rather than health and safety is driving the push for the possible cure.

There are also concerns that the race to get a vaccine will be won by the richest countries, at the expense of the most vulnerable.

At the same time, more than 150 different drugs are being researched to identify treatments for people with severe Covid-19.

Of all the drugs being trialled, only steroids have been proven to save lives and the discovery has been a significant breakthrough.

The UK's Recovery trial showed the steroid dexamethasone cut the risk of death by a third for patients on ventilators and by a fifth for those on oxygen.

And further data suggests another steroid, hydrocortisone, is equally effective too.

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