Online child abuse rising during lockdown warn police

By Mike Thomson
BBC News

  • Published
A young child recovered from an abuse gang during lockdownImage source, Philippines National Police
Image caption,
Rescued: A young child recovered from an online abuse gang in the Philippines, during lockdown

Police forces across the world are warning that criminals and paedophiles are using the coronavirus lockdown to target children.

Data gathered by the BBC reveals demand for abuse imagery has shot up.

Reports of obscene online material more than doubled globally to more than four million between March and April.

The US-based Center for Missing and Exploited Children said some of that rise related to one especially horrific and widely-circulated video.

In the UK, where 300,000 people are considered a threat to children, there were nearly nine million attempts in the last month to access child sexual abuse websites which had been previously blocked by the Internet Watch Foundation.

The anti-child abuse charity which reports sites to internet service providers, says that since the lockdown began there has been an 89% drop in site deletions by the tech companies.

It believes this may be because many of these firms have fewer people staffing their hotlines during the pandemic.

Spanish National Police say reports of online child sex videos leapt by just over 20% since just before the lockdown there began on 13 March.

Their counterparts in Denmark revealed the number of attempts to access child abuse websites has trebled.

With most schools closed, children are spending more time online. Experts say that puts them at greater risk of grooming for sexual abuse.

Cathal Delaney of Europol told the BBC: "Children are more vulnerable, they're isolated, they're not being as well supervised online and they're spending more time online during this period than they would have previously.

Dark web surge

"Those conditions lend themselves to children being approached in different ways or coerced or exploited."

Image source, Australian Federal Police
Image caption,
Online abuse viewers who feed violence have been caught in Australia

Demand for abuse imagery has also shot up in Australia, where police say the downloading leapt by 86% in the three weeks after the 21 March lockdown.

Commander Paula Hudson of the Australian Federal Police, said many offenders see the pandemic as an ideal opportunity to target children.

"Across the dark web we've actually identified Covid-19-themed child exploitation forums," said Cdr Hudson.

"One particular one we're monitoring has grown by more than 1,000 members. They're actively discussing the Covid opportunity to find more victims.

Image source, Philippines National Police
Image caption,
Many of those arrested in the Philippines are related to the victims

"The internet traffic is so heavy that we've been finding that dark web systems are crashing."

Real world abuse

Many child abuse videos commissioned to order by paedophiles are made in the Philippines, where children are trafficked by abuse rings.

The children who are held captive by the gangs are subjected to appalling violence on camera. These attacks are live-streamed to paying customers in western nations, including the UK.

Officials in the Philippines say reports of online abuse material have soared - from approximately 59,000 in February to more than 101,000 in March, the month that the country's coronavirus lockdown began.

The International Justice Mission (IJM), a global organisation that works in the Philippines, says half of the children rescued from abuse gangs are 12 years old or younger - and it has come across two victims who were babies less than three-months-old.

Earlier this month, police in the country intercepted one gang and took three children into care, the youngest of whom was just six.

Detectives suspect they may have been forced to take part in live-streamed abuse videos.

A 34-year-old woman arrested in the operation was the mother of two of the allegedly abused children. This is consistent with IJM research that found two-thirds of abuses are either parents or close relatives of the victims.

Child abusers already face life terms in the Philippines - and some legislators are proposing changing the law to introduce the death penalty.

Advice for parents, carers and children

  • The National Crime Agency in the UK has created the 'ThinkuKnow' website
  • It has advice for parents and others working with children on how best to protect them online.
  • The website includes advice written for children themselves
  • It's received more than 250,000 hits since the pandemic began
  • The BBC, also has Own It, a guide to staying safe online

But Emmeline Villar, under-secretary at the country's Department of Justice, warned adults are being lured into the online child sex abuse industry because work is hard to find in the pandemic-hit economy.

"It's a grave concern to us," she said. "Especially as we know that these factors that are present right now, because of the lockdown, are contributing to the situation which would allow both the demand and supply to increase."

The hope is that as the lockdown eases in countries across the world and schools reopen, the risks to children will drop.

But for those who have fallen victim to abusers the road to recovery can be long and painful.

Ruby from the Philippines endured two months of non-stop sexual abuse, live-streamed to western men, before she was finally rescued by police.

"It's like being trapped in a dark room without any rays of light at all," she said. "There's no point of living at all. They made my life so miserable for years. How much more will I suffer from the damage they did to me?"