Covid in Scotland: Where are the latest cases?

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There have been 743,496 confirmed cases of Covid-19 in Scotland and 9,649 people have died following a positive test for the virus, according to the Scottish government.

This page analyses the key figures for the Covid pandemic in Scotland and was last updated using figures available at 14:00 on 6 December.

Confirmed cases of Covid-19

Over the past seven days, 18,017 cases have been reported, with 3,894 cases confirmed on Monday.

The Monday total includes cases delayed by reporting issues over the weekend.

The Scottish government has also confirmed 23 new cases of the Omicron variant, bringing the total to 71.

The next chart shows the number of positive cases confirmed since 1 January 2021 and uses Public Health Scotland (PHS) data.

The figures are based on the date of the test rather than when the test result was reported, which is the daily figure given out by the Scottish government.

Because of the time it takes to process the tests and submit records, the most recent figures in this chart are from four days ago.

This next chart shows the average number of positive cases being detected each day has been changing in Scotland over the last few weeks.

There are fears that the new Omicron variant, first detected in Scotland at the end of November, could be more infectious than previous strains.

The Scottish government is publishing daily figures on Omicron cases in Scotland, breaking down the numbers by health board.

What's the Covid rate in my area?

The total number of positive cases in each local authority is published daily by Public Health Scotland.

Recent data often underestimates the number of positive tests as there are sometimes delays before results are recorded, so this chart uses figures from three days ago.

How is the share of positive tests changing?

The World Health Organization highlights the percentage of positive test results as a key indicator when assessing the status of a Covid-19 outbreak within a country.

Its guidance says a weekly positivity rate which is kept below 2% is one indication that community transmission of Covid-19 is at low levels.

Other indicators include the number of cases, Covid-related deaths and hospital admissions per 100,000 people.

The Scottish government measures the positivity rate by dividing the number of positive tests per day by the total number of tests carried out.

Deaths from Covid-19

The first coronavirus death in Scotland was reported by NHS Lothian on 13 March 2020.

The spring outbreak peaked in mid-April 2020 and then mainly declined until the summer, when Scotland went for a long period when there were no deaths following a positive test for Covid-19.

The rate of new deaths rose again in the autumn as the second wave of the pandemic took hold, finally peaking at the end of January 2021.

The chart below shows data relating to the actual date of death, rather than registration of deaths, so the most recent figures are subject to revision.

There are three ways to count deaths from Covid-19.

The Scottish government's daily announcement counts deaths within 28 days of a positive test for Covid-19, whereas the National Records of Scotland (NRS) counts all death certificates that mention Covid-19, even if the person has not been tested for the virus.

The NRS also publishes data on excess deaths, compared with a five-year average.

Excess deaths from most causes rose significantly in 2020 - the exception was deaths from respiratory diseases, where the number was much lower than average.

The vaccination programme

The first Covid-19 vaccinations in Scotland were administered on 8 December.

Currently the Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines are being given in Scotland, with each requiring two doses.

Older age groups, people with underlying health issues and front-line health and social care workers were prioritised in Scotland's initial vaccination programme, in line with the strategy set out by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation.

The same priorities are being applied to the booster dose programme which began in September.

How many people are in hospital?

The coronavirus pandemic has created a huge load on Scotland's hospitals.

At the peak of the outbreak in spring 2020 there were more than 1,500 Covid patients in hospital, with over 200 being treated in intensive care.

Numbers reduced over the summer of 2020, but started to rise steadily again last autumn. In January 2021, the number of Covid patients in hospital went over 2,000.

Only patients who test positive during their current stay in hospital, or in the two weeks before their admission, are counted by the Scottish government as Covid-19 patients.

They are no longer classified as Covid patients after 28 days in hospital or 28 days after their positive test, whichever is later.

However, the Scottish government also publishes figures on Covid-19 patients who have been treated in intensive care for more than 28 days.

What is the estimated R number in Scotland?

The R number, or reproduction number, is a way of rating a disease's ability to spread. It is the average number of people that one infected person will pass the virus on to.

If the reproduction number is higher than one, then the number of cases increases exponentially.

The Scottish government has been monitoring the estimated R number in Scotland since the start of the outbreak.