Scotland's first black professor, Geoffrey Palmer, is among Scots from all walks of life who have been recognised in the New Year's Honours.
The Jamaican-born brewing and cereals expert is a professor emeritus at Edinburgh's of Heriot-Watt University.
The anti-racism campaigner has been knighted for services to human rights, science and charity.
Prof Adrian Bird, the Buchanan professor of genetics at Edinburgh University, is also knighted.
Seona Reid, former director of Glasgow School of Art, is made a Dame in recognition of her work in the creative industries.
The honour comes four months after she stepped down from the position she had held for 14 years.
Lawyer and Bollywood actress Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh becomes an OBE for services to business and the Asian community.
The mother-of-four, an SNP candidate for next year's European Parliament elections, is chair and founder of the Scottish Asian Women's Association.
She said: "It really is an honour to be recognised in this way.
"I, alongside many others, will continue to strive to highlight the very considerable skills and talents that the Asian community brings to all of us and to encourage increased participation in public and political life in Scotland."
Others recognised include award-winning cook and food writer Lady Claire Macdonald.
The self-taught cook runs Kinloch Lodge hotel on the Isle of Skye with her husband Lord Macdonald.
She is appointed an OBE for services to the hospitality industry and charity in Scotland, particularly Marie Curie Cancer Care.
Angie Shearer, from Huntly in Aberdeenshire, becomes an MBE. The 28-year-old began fundraising for Cancer Research when she was 15 and has now raised £750,000.
Hairdresser Jennifer Cheyne is appointed OBE for her services to the industry and for charity.
Ms Cheyne, who set up her first salon in 1976 with just one assistant, now employs more than 170 people at six salons across Edinburgh.
She also starred in the Channel 4 series Secret Millionaire, going undercover in the former Welsh coal mining village of Aberfan.
In farming, Nicola Fletcher becomes an MBE for services to the venison industry.
Ms Fletcher established Fife's Reediehill Deer Farm with her husband in the 1970s and went on to become a world ambassador for the meat.
She has authored and co-authored around a dozen food books and runs tastings, cooking demonstrations and workshops.
Artist Derek Clarke, the oldest member of the Royal Scottish Academy of Art and Architecture, becomes an MBE in the same year an exhibition was held to mark his 100th birthday. The painter turns 101 on Hogmanay.
The achievements of those working in communities across the country are also recognised in the honours list, with Michael Hippisley appointed an MBE for services to the Samaritans in Dundee.
The same honour goes to both Judith Jardine, headteacher of Hightae Primary School in Lockerbie, for her services to education, and Thomas Kelly, founder and manager of Johnstone Credit Union, for his services to the community and to financial services.