UK Politics

Prime Minister's Questions: The key bits and the verdict

Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn Image copyright HoC

Theresa May went head-to-head with Jeremy Corbyn in the House of Commons. Here's what happened.

Passions were running high in the Commons at the final Prime Minister's Questions before the party conference season gets under way.

But Jeremy Corbyn began in a low-key way, with a riddle designed to knock Theresa May off balance.

What did the National Farmers' Union, the Federation of Small Businesses, the National Audit Office, the National Housing Federation, Gingerbread and the Royal Society of Arts all have in common, he asked.

A grinning Mrs May was momentarily flummoxed, perhaps thinking he was trying to lay a Brexit trap for her.

They were all organisations that "give excellent service" to the areas they represent, replied the PM, and to which the government listened.

They were all organisations, said Mr Corbyn, that were telling the government that its flagship welfare reform, Universal Credit, was "flawed" and failing thousands of families. The government had promised in 2010 to lift 350,000 children out of poverty - did she stand by that figure, he asked.

Mrs May ran through the purpose of Universal Credit, to make work pay and simplify the benefit system, without answering the question.

The Child Poverty Action Group has said Universal Credit will increase the number of children in poverty by half a million, said Mr Corbyn, who was sporting two ears of wheat on his lapel, in honour of Back British Farming Day (Mrs May who once, naughtily, wrecked a field of wheat had, perhaps wisely, opted not to join him).

The prime minister reached for her notes and - sounding a bit like Mr Corbyn when he reads out letters at PMQs - quoted some of Universal Credit's alleged satisfied customers, such as "Roberta" whose work coach had "found me my dream job". She then hailed the latest unemployment figures.

All MPs were aware of the "pain" Universal Credit was causing from people at their advice surgeries, said Mr Corbyn. Did she agree with the National Audit Office that it would create hardship, force more people to use food banks and "could end up costing the system even more".

Mrs May said she remembered from years back a constituent, a single mother, who had been told by the job centre that she would be "better off on benefits". That was the last Labour government's legacy, she told him.

The Labour leader accused the government of putting vulnerable people at risk with its benefit changes, something immediately denied by the PM.

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Media captionJeremy Corbyn and Theresa May clash over Universal Credit

It was Labour that was "speaking up for the poorest in this country", shouted a visibly angry Mr Corbyn amid a growing wall of noise from MPs on all sides.

"The government's Brexit negotiations are an abject failure - I can see that by the sullen faces behind her, and that's not just the ERG group it's the whole lot of them," he cried.

"The prime minister is not challenging the burning injustices in our society. She is pouring petrol on them. When will she stop inflicting misery on the people of this country?"

Mrs May launched into a full-throated defence of her own record on "burning injustice" such as the government's "racial disparity audit" and a crackdown on stop and search ("that was me as home secretary").

Then, knowing that Mr Corbyn would not get a comeback, she laid into Labour's recent internal troubles, ending with a quote from Labour MP Chuka Umunna, who had claimed his party was "institutionally racist". This left Conservative MPs baying loudly for "more".

What else came up?

The SNP's leader at Westminster, Ian Blackford, called on the PM to "end her austerity programme or admit that her party is unfit to govern".

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Media captionIan Blackford says the PM's explanation of living standards in the UK "ignores the reality" and she is "unfit to govern".

Conservative MP Chris Philp asked the prime minister about the planned exit payment of £39bn from the UK to the EU on Brexit, and whether it was "locked unto the legally binding withdrawal agreement".

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Media captionAsked about the UK exit payment to the EU, the PM says "without a deal, the position changes".

Trudy Harrison, one of several MPs wearing wheat badges at PMQs to mark British Farming Day, asked about the export of meat after Brexit. Theresa May said Brexit meant the UK could leave the Common Agricultural Policy and develop its own policy.

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Media captionPM: Brexit means the UK can leave the CAP, and develop its own policy that is "right for our farmers and not for others"

Tory MP Sir Hugo Swire asked why the Windrush report into immigration issue had not been released, despite him raising it two months ago.

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Media captionSir Hugo Swire asks the PM about Windrush report

Labour MP Justin Madders raised fracking, and teased the prime minister, who has a "number of statements on her website" calling for planning decisions to made locally rather than nationally.

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Media captionJustin Madders to PM on her fracking comments: "She made them, does she still agree with them?"

Conservative MP John Lamont who asked whether "Parliamentarians, both current and former" should appear on Russian state TV, Mrs May said they risked being used as "propaganda tools" by Russia, but it was a "matter of judgement" for each person.

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Media captionTheresa May says UK politicians who appear on Russian state television risked being used as "propaganda tools"

The Verdict

Here is BBC political editor Laura Kuenssberg's take on the session:

BBC parliamentary correspondent Mark D'Arcy's verdict:

Well that was nasty. Shouty, a bit more personal and very, very loud. This finger-jabbing, heckle-heavy PMQs demonstrated the rising political temperature in Parliament.

Pre-prepared attack lines were deployed and the respective parties howled their delight, but no-one was trounced, or even bruised in the encounters between the main players.

It was telling that, either from herd instinct or conscious organisation, there was quite an effort to provide the PM with helpful questions which allowed her to pivot to good news stories. One way or another loyalist Tories are coming to their leader's assistance.

Maybe the hyper-partisan atmosphere deterred any MPs from the various rebel factions on the Tory and Labour benches from breaking ranks.

The most telling moment came when former Army officer Jonny Mercer raised the continuing historic investigations into military veterans over allegations dating from the Iraq war or the Northern Ireland troubles.

Mr Mercer has irritated Downing Street with his continuing parliamentary campaign on this issue, and on veterans' mental health, which stretch back to his maiden speech in 2015 - and here he was again with a critical question to the PM.

Her answer using terms like "flawed" and "disproportionate" seemed to hint at a softening of the government's position, and Mr Mercer's frown in response suggests he will be following up to pin down exactly what she might mean.