A public debate has been held in Birmingham to discuss the impact of the August riots in the city.
More than 100 people, including sociologists and students, attended the event on Saturday at the Birmingham and Midland Institute.
Organisers said they wanted "members of the public to engage in a dialogue... on what happened, why, and where we are going".
Their findings will be passed on to the authorities and community leaders.
Leah Bassell, a sociology lecturer at the University of Leicester, said: "People are making a lot more distinctions now.
"They're saying this is not the same phenomenon in London as it is in Birmingham.
"We're not necessarily talking about exactly the same thing in 2011 as we might have been talking about in 1981.
"And we're seeing those little degrees of meaning coming out of the conversation that I think are really promising."