Liverpool

Liverpool street sign plan to highlight city's slavery links

Canning Dock and Hartley Quay with Merseyside Maritime Museum and International Slavery Museum Image copyright Jonathan Hutchins/Geograph
Image caption Liverpool - which now has a slavery museum - had become Europe's number one slave port by the 1740s

Liverpool could introduce plaques to give an "honest account" of places connected to the slave trade.

Much of the city's 18th Century wealth came from the trade involving British slavers transporting Africans across the Atlantic.

Mayor Joe Anderson said paintings, street names and buildings in the city were "important parts of the historical record which should not be concealed".

He is calling for new signs to explain their relevance to slavery.

Dr Richard Benjamin, the head of the city's slavery museum, said while he understood "the argument for placing street names in context", he thought it was important to consider changing road names instead.

A motion to Liverpool City Council submitted by Mr Anderson, to be discussed next week, said: "Many notable figures in the city were associated with slavery, both as abolitionists and slave traders.

"Within the town hall there are many paintings that depict men who became fabulously wealthy from the slave trade, yet, there is no mention of their role in their description plaques."

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Joe Anderson said it was important residents and visitors had an honest account of the role of slavery in Liverpool

He said some street and place names were also named after those who had a role in the slave trade and the city should "accurately reflect how some of the wealth and prestige accumulated for the benefit of Liverpool was gained through the business of slavery".

"It is important to ensure that city visitors and residents are given an honest account of the historical role which our city and such figures played in history," he said.

The plaques would accompany portraits, street and place names explaining their origin and their relevance to Liverpool's historical slave trade.

Dr Benjamin said there was a "need to talk about full renaming as well as adding additional information".

"We're supportive of [Mayor Anderson's motion] as a museum and we're happy to work with the council, [but] I don't think it's a bad move to rename streets for people who you would want to represent your city."

However, he said whatever was decided "if anyone can take it on the chin and move forward, it's the city of Liverpool".

"There's a long way to go but... our discussion is a bit further ahead than London and Bristol, so we should take the positives that we're moving in the right direction."

In 1999, the council made a formal apology for the city's role in the slave trade and it has since held annual events to commemorate Slavery Remembrance Day.

Image copyright Nick Macneill/Geograph
Image caption The road made famous by The Beatles is thought to have been named after slave trader James Penny

Liverpool's role in the slave trade

Liverpool was late in entering the slave trade but quickly surpassed London and Bristol by the 1740s, to become Europe's number one slave port.

Overall, Liverpool vessels transported half of the three million African slaves carried across the Atlantic by British slavers, according to the International Slavery Museum.

Despite local folklore stories slaves rarely set foot in Liverpool.

Penny Lane - made famous in the Beatles song - is thought to have been named after 18th Century slave ship owner James Penny.

Blackburne Place, near Liverpool Cathedral, is named after John Blackburne, a slave trader named on the list of merchants trading with Africa in 1752. John Blackburne senior served as mayor of Liverpool in 1760.

Tarleton Street in the city centre takes its name from the Tarleton family, which produced three generations of slave traders including Banastre Tarleton (1754-1833) who fought to prevent the end of the slave trade.

Source: BBC, Historic England and International Slavery Museum

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