The English question: What does it mean to be English?

Crowds in Skegness Image copyright John Byford
Image caption More than four million people visit the Lincolnshire resort of Skegness every year

In a survey by YouGov for the BBC, 70% of respondents in Boston, Lincolnshire, said they identified very strongly as English.

This compares with 54% of people surveyed across the whole country.

Other areas of the county also scored highly, including traditional seaside towns like Skegness and Mablethorpe.

But what does being English actually mean to people in Lincolnshire - parts of which recorded the highest leave vote in the EU referendum.

David Wilson, the proprietor of Churches Restaurant and Coffee Shop in Boston, said to him Englishness is all about "fair play".

"That's what it means to me - you follow the rules and respect everybody else," he said.

"I think we are quite good at that."

Image caption David Wilson is the proprietor of Churches Restaurant and Coffee Shop in Boston

"Over the centuries, we have welcomed lots of people into the country and we are very much a multi-cultural society now," he added.

"Wherever you are from, or what religion you are doesn't really matter - being English is all about fair play."

Image copyright John Byford
Image caption Humour, tradition and good manners were the characteristics most associated with being English in the survey

Michelle, who is originally from Kent, said she was proud to be English.

She summed up what it meant to her as being "community spirit and people getting together".

She said local events such as food fairs helped to facilitate this.

Image caption Tristan Gilbert said while he was proud to be English he saw himself more as a global citizen

Lettings agent Tristan Gilbert said: "Being English is being able to uphold the values of free speech, democracy, fair play and just generally being good and respectful to other people.

"I am proud to be English but I don't have that great sense of patriotism.

"I'm more a global citizen and think that is the modern way to view the world now."

Image copyright John Byford
Image caption Some defined Englishness as things like a trip to the seaside for an ice-cream

John Byford, who is an artist and photographer based in Skegness, said people should be proud to identify as English.

"We should be proud of our roots - just as the Scottish, Welsh and people in other European countries are," he said.

He said for him the golden age of Englishness was during the 1960s when the country led the way in the fashion and music industries.

Image caption John Byford said the homogenisation of cities and towns meant it was harder for people to identify as being English

"People were also proud to buy goods made in England," he added.

Mr Byford said the homogenisation of cities and towns, not just in Britain, but across Europe, meant it was becoming harder for people to have a distinct identity.

However, he said there was still much for the English to be proud of.

Image copyright John Byford
Image caption YouGov surveyed 20,081 people and found 72% of over-65s are proud to be English, compared with 45% of 18-24s

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