Leicester

Imperial Typewriters strike project recalls 'shameful' union

Strike protest Image copyright University of Leicester
Image caption Despite not getting union backing, the strikers organised themselves effectively

A strike where unions were accused of institutional racism is being marked by a special exhibition in Leicester.

The Imperial Typewriters strike in 1974 saw hundreds of mainly Asian workers protest for nearly three months.

The dispute centred on lack of promotions for Asian workers and unpaid bonuses but was sharpened by a "shameful" lack of support from unions.

Curator Divya Ghelani said it was a "story of people's fight for rights. They really stuck it out".

"I am excited to tell the story because it is a local story and a national story of how Britain changed," she said.

"This is our history and a really historic moment."

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Before the 1960s, the Imperial Typewriters staff had been almost exclusively white

Imperial Typewriters, a company founded in 1908, was bought by a US firm in the 1960s which then introduced Asian workers to boost productivity.

The new employees, who made up about 1,100 of the 1,600-strong workforce, found they were not getting the same bonuses or flexible working arrangements white colleagues enjoyed.

During a May Day protest, 39 Asian workers walked out and they were soon joined by about 500 more.

Image copyright University of Leicester
Image caption The strikers attracted support from across the country

The local Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU) negotiator said the group had "not followed the proper disputes procedure" and "have no legitimate grievances".

The union refused to make the strike official, saying "some people must learn how things are done".

Ms Ghelani said: "These were unlikely protesters at the time but the situation forced them to stand up for themselves and each other.

"The unions were accused of being institutionally racist and didn't support the migrant workers.

"It's a very shameful moment in British trade union history."

Image copyright Google
Image caption The building on East Park Road is largely unchanged

Despite the lack of official support, and antagonism from the far-right National Front, demonstrators organised picket lines, publicity campaigns and mass meetings.

Unusually, it made national headlines but because of a political element to the action, local union reps made accusations of "professional agitators".

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The Grunwick strike in London in 1974 saw mass clashes between police and unions

As the dispute dragged on, more workers were fired and by the end of July most of the strikers were sacked. A two-week summer shutdown effectively ended industrial action.

Shortly after, Litton announced it was shutting the factory, which finally closed its doors the next year.

However, its impact could be seen soon after when mainly Asian workers were backed by unions during the two-year Grunwick strike in London, pictured above.

Image copyright PA
Image caption The old Imperial building hit the headlines in 2011 when it was raided by Border Agency teams

Dr Evan Smith from Flinders University, who has studied the strike, said: "Imperial Typewriters is often seen as a part of a narrative of greater awareness by the British labour movement of the issues of racial discrimination.

"The narrative ends with the Grunwick strike... which has been celebrated as a coming together of BME workers and the 'white' labour movement."

The project at Leicester's Newarke Houses Museum will use an exhibition, with images, videos and commentaries from those involved in the dispute.

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