'Lack of awareness' around forced marriage law
Potential victims in areas where forced marriage is prevalent are unaware it is a crime, a charity has said.
While legislation has seen a rise in people reporting concerns, campaigners said there was a "worrying split" with some victims and families in the dark.
More than a dozen women at an event in Bradford looking at forced marriage said they did not know it was illegal.
Charity Karma Nirvana said if victims were unaware it was a crime, they would be unlikely to seek help.
Forced marriage became a criminal offence in 2014 and there have been four convictions in total across the UK since.
Natasha Rattu, executive director of the West Yorkshire-based charity, said there were pockets in Bradford where forced marriage was "a huge issue".
"It is a really sad state of affairs that five years on from the law being brought in that there is still a significant lack of awareness," she said.
"There are potentially victims there who are in danger and don't know that they can go to the police or other agencies and get the help they need."
Asha Iqbal was forced to flee her family to escape being taken overseas to be married.
She said: "It kept getting mentioned that we should be going to Pakistan and having a look at a few men there. That's when I knew things were going to progress in the wrong way for me.
"Within 24 hours of me leaving I was stuck in a hotel room, I was suicidal.
"The thing with forced marriage is you have multiple perpetrators and those perpetrators are usually linked to your very close friends so it was too risky getting in touch with certain people for support.
"I don't think a lot of awareness work is being done by big organisations and services because they are so afraid of offending communities.
"It's not about offending communities, it's about putting the victim first so they recognise the signs and can make the decision whether they walk away or stand up to the abuse."
Karma Nirvana said West Yorkshire had overtaken London as the area with the highest number of calls, with a large number coming from Leeds and Bradford.
In 2018 there were 1,390 contacts to its helpline, compared with 817 calls from London.
The charity's comments come after a number of women who joined a community-led consultation in Bradford looking at new ways to tackle the issue admitted they did not know forced marriage was a criminal offence.
Faraht Maroof, who attended the event, said parents needed to be made more aware of the law.
"There's not enough awareness here in Bradford and it's important the older generation understand it is still a problem and that there's consequences if you go ahead and put that emotional pressure on your child."
Kaneez Khan, co-ordinator for Near Neighbours, which led the event, said: "We've found there's a vast majority of women who weren't aware that forced marriage is illegal.
"I'm hoping we have a real clear voice from women from marginalised communities to have a say and to talk about difficult issues."
A government spokesman said its forced marriage campaign was "raising awareness amongst the public and potential victims" and encouraged affected parties to contact its helpline.
It said public consultations were running to get views about the introduction of further measures, such as mandatory reporting around the issue.