The father of a nurse murdered by her abusive ex-boyfriend has called for a stalkers register to be introduced.
Jane Clough was stabbed 71 times in 2010 by Jonathan Vass, who was jailed for life after admitting her murder.
John Clough, from Barrowford, Lancashire, said a register of stalkers' previous history would be a "heads-up" for victims.
Despite new laws, stalkers are "getting off with a slap on the wrist", he said.
"If a stalkers register could be given the same importance as the sex offenders register it would have a significant impact," he said.
His 26-year-old daughter, who was a nurse at Blackpool Victoria Hospital, was attacked as she walked into work by Vass, who lay in wait for her.
She had ended their relationship and told police he had raped and beaten her.
He was granted bail while facing nine counts of rape and four of assault.
Mr Clough, 53, accused the justice system of not treating stalking with "the seriousness it deserves" and said victims need better protection.
He said: "The courts have got powers under new stalking laws to lock people up for five years and we're just not seeing proper use of these laws at all.
"Stalkers are still getting off with a slap on the wrist."
He said the people who are carrying out these offences are "serial perpetrators".
Vass had been reported for violent abuse in a previous relationship and went on to stalk Ms Clough.
Since her murder, the family has successfully campaigned to get the law changed so that prosecutors can now appeal when suspects are granted bail.
Cases of rape linked to murder are now prosecuted rather than being allowed to lie on file after a campaign by the family.
Mr Clough and his wife Penny are both ambassadors for stalking support service Paladin.