Students in Southampton could be hit with £80 on-the-spot fines if police feel they are acting anti-socially towards their neighbours.
Thousands of students are set to move into the city in the coming weeks for the start of the academic year.
Many will be living in shared homes in the same streets as local families.
Hampshire Police and Southampton Solent University have joined forces for Operation Shush - an initiative which hopes to cut anti-social behaviour.
Police plan to meet with students during freshers week to reinforce the message of living happily with their neighbours.
Hampshire Police have also put up large visible signs in the Polygon area to warn students of the potential fines.
Acting Inspector Ryan Bartlett said: "We want to make students aware of the inconvenience they cause neighbours when they have noisy parties or return home after a night out in town.
"We want them to get to know and respect their neighbours who are often affected by loud anti-social behaviour which is often drink-fuelled.
"Many residents including young children and the elderly live and work in Southampton and need to sleep and get up early for jobs and school runs.
"A disruptive sleep pattern caused by noise impacts on them all and is unacceptable."