Police have begun the process of trying to identify 39 bodies found in a refrigerated lorry trailer in Essex.
The trailer arrived in Purfleet on the River Thames from Zeebrugge, Belgium, at about 00:30 BST.
Ambulance staff discovered the bodies in the unit just over an hour later at Waterglade Industrial Park in Grays.
The lorry driver, named locally as Mo Robinson, 25, from Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland, is being questioned by police.
Deputy Chief Constable of Essex Police Pippa Mills said the vehicle had been moved to a secure site at Tilbury Docks so the bodies of the 38 adults and one teenager could be "recovered while preserving the dignity of the victims".
She said identifying the deceased remained a "priority" but was expected to be a "lengthy process".
Meanwhile, officers from the Police Service of Northern Ireland have carried out raids on two houses associated with the arrested man - one in Markethill, County Armagh, and another in nearby Laurelvale.
Police said the tractor unit (the front part of the lorry) came from Northern Ireland and picked up the trailer from Purfleet.
The tractor and trailer then left the port shortly after 01:05 and officers were called around 30 minutes later when ambulance staff made the grim discovery.
Police have appealed for witnesses and anyone with information about the lorry's route to contact them.
The National Crime Agency said it had sent officers to assist and identify any "organised crime groups who may have played a part".
A spokesman for the Bulgarian foreign affairs ministry said the truck was registered in the country under the name of a company owned by an Irish citizen.
He said it was "highly unlikely" the deceased were Bulgarians.
At the scene
By Ed Thomas, special correspondent, BBC News, Grays
Police officers bowed their heads in silence as the lorry was slowly moved from the industrial estate with all 39 people still inside the container.
I've seen senior detectives visibly upset at what they've witnessed here.
Detectives said their priority now was providing all the victims with dignity and respect as they try to identify them and inform their loved ones.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said it was an "unimaginable tragedy and truly heartbreaking".
Speaking at Prime Minister's Questions, he said: "I know that the thoughts and prayers of all members will be with those who lost their lives and their loved ones.
"I'm receiving regular updates. The Home Office will work closely with Essex Police as we establish exactly what has happened."
During Thurrock Council's full council meeting, councillor James Halden said the authority would put in place any support enforcement agencies needed.
The Conservative councillor urged people not to speculate about what may have happened and said there was a book of condolences for members of the public to sign in the civic offices.
Tricky task of catching the people smugglers
Since the Calais migrant camps were shut three years ago and security measures were increased at Dover and the Channel Tunnel, people smugglers have increasingly moved to other routes.
Asked which ports are being used, the National Crime Agency told me: "All of them."
More dangerous methods are being used to get human cargo through.
The most common one is being hidden in the back of a lorry, but increasingly commercial shipping containers are being used, sometimes even refrigerated ones of the type seen on the back of the truck in Essex.
Risks are substantial for the migrants, who can pay £10,000 or more for a space on these vehicles.
Read more: Tricky task of catching the people smugglers
How many migrants have died in transit?
The number of migrants who die in transit has been recorded by the UN since 2014.
Since then, five bodies of suspected migrants have been found in lorries or containers in the UK:
- 2014: An Afghan migrant was found dead at Tilbury Docks, Essex. He was in a shipping container, with 34 Afghans who survived
- 2015: Two migrants were found dead in a wooden crate in a warehouse in Branston, Staffordshire. The crate had been sent from Italy
- 2016: An 18-year-old migrant was crushed while clinging to the underside of a lorry in Banbury, Oxfordshire
- 2016: A body was found in the back of a lorry in Kent, which had travelled from France
Data was not collected in the same way before the migrant crisis began in 2014, but such deaths are not new.
In 2000, 58 Chinese migrants were found suffocated to death in a lorry at Dover.
In 2015, the bodies of 71 people were found in an abandoned lorry on an Austrian motorway. Police suspected the vehicle was part of a Bulgarian-Hungarian human trafficking operation.
Essex Police has set up a casualty bureau for anyone concerned about relatives to call.
The British Red Cross has confirmed staff and volunteers were helping "those dealing with this terrible tragedy".
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