Old water fountains could be brought back into use in a bid to help reduce plastic waste.
Colchester Borough Council wants to open five drinking water stations by next summer.
It has commissioned a study to look at up to five locations, and could either see new fountains or reopen old ones.
The project is part of the £2m Better Colchester scheme to make improvements to the town.
David King, Colchester Borough Council portfolio holder for resources, said: "I know the water fountains will be received as practical, helpful and welcoming.
"I hope that this can also include a revival of our older water fountains.
"We need to take every opportunity we can to make the most of our history and our heritage... I am proud we're taking this action."