Controversial plans for a 235-house village on farmland in Cornwall have been turned down.
The proposal for Gonwin Farm near Carbis Bay also included a doctor's surgery, factory units, a village square, cafe, pub and shops.
An original application was rejected last September and the scheme was resubmitted with 50% of the houses designated "affordable".
The Strategic Planning Committee heard there were nearly 200 objections.
Planning officers said that the plans were in line with the National Planning Policy Framework, introduced in 2012, and its "presumption in favour of sustainable development".
Officers said it was a "sustainable location for the future provision of new housing" and the plans should be accepted.
But the committee heard objections from local people about the adverse effect on the open countryside.
St Ives Town Council called the plans "gross over-development, urban sprawl and a major impact on the green open space".
It said it did not want the loss of "prime agricultural land" and had fears about increased traffic through the nearby village of Lelant.