England

Fallen remembered across England

Art installation made from poppies
Image caption The art design at St Paul's Cathedral depicts three child soldiers

Events have taken place across England to remember the fallen on the 93rd anniversary of the end of World War I.

In London, a ceremony took place at the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

In Staffordshire, a service of remembrance was held within the walls of the Armed Forces Memorial at the National Memorial Arboretum.

And at St Paul's Cathedral more than 5,000 poppies have been used in an art installation which highlights the involvement of children in war.

From ground level, the poppies under the dome of St Paul's appear to have fallen randomly, but when viewed from the Whispering Gallery, they form the image of three child soldiers - one from World War I and two from more recent conflicts.

The Reverend Canon Mark Oakley, treasurer of St Paul's, said: "In Ted Harrison's moving tribute the past and present are brought together in a poignant way through remembrance poppies, scattered to shock us and warn us that history repeats itself.

"The human faces can only be fully seen from a sacred height. Placed in the cathedral this tribute reminds us of the tragedy of violent conflict."

Ceremonies have remembered those who died in two world wars and later conflicts, including 385 UK personnel killed in Afghanistan since 2001.

Homecoming parade

Millions of people observed a two-minute silence at 11:00 GMT, marking the time guns on the western front fell silent for the last time at the end of World War I in 1918.

Image caption The England football squad observed a two-minute silence ahead of a training session

Chief of the Defence Staff, General Sir David Richards, and the professional head of the Army, General Sir Peter Wall, attended the ceremony at the Cenotaph.

The Armed Forces Memorial in Alrewas is designed so that on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, a shaft of sunlight shines through its inner and outer walls, hitting the central bronze wreath sculpture.

At Wembley Stadium, the England football squad observed the two-minute silence before their training session for Saturday's match against Spain.

Elsewhere, a memorial to the late Harry Patch, the last British survivor of the WWI trenches, was dedicated at a Shropshire church.

The memorial commemorates Mr Patch and his marriage to his first wife Ada Billington at Holy Trinity Church in Hadley in 1919, and ends with the words, "May he and all his comrades Rest In Peace".

A paratrooper who lost both his legs and suffered head injuries in a roadside explosion in Afghanistan was among soldiers who took part in a service in Doncaster.

Lance Bombardier Ben Parkinson, who has been learning how to walk again on artificial legs, laid a wreath at the service at Mansion House.

In Plymouth, more than 1,100 troops marched through the city following the Remembrance Service.

Lost comrades

The event was part of a homecoming parade for 3 Commando Brigade which recently returned from Operation Herrick 14 in Afghanistan.

Lt Col Tim Purbrick, of the brigade, said the day offered the chance for troops to remember lost comrades, as well as those who had given their lives in other conflicts.

Meanwhile, the Archbishop of Canterbury took part in the Act of Remembrance at the Royal Naval Cemetery at St Bartholomew's Church, Yeovilton, Somerset.

Image caption A memorial remembers WWI veteran Harry Patch, who died in July 2009 at the age of 111

In Manchester, the start and finish of the two-minute silence was signified with the firing of a maroon mortar flare from the roof of Manchester Town Hall.

Later, members of the Greater Manchester Stop the War Coalition were to hold a poetry reading in the Peace Gardens and laying white poppies to remember the war dead and appeal for British troops to be withdrawn from Afghanistan.

Leicester Cathedral's clock underwent last-minute repairs to enable it to time the start of the silence. It had stopped working following the theft of copper wiring last month.

A new memorial to commemorate Southampton's war dead was unveiled as part of Armistice Day services in the city.

Eight glass panels replace the roll of honour on the existing Portland stone Cenotaph which has been eroded. They list 3,298 names of people killed serving in two world wars and subsequent conflicts.

City councillor John Hannides said: "It is a lasting memorial, which will mean their bravery will never be forgotten."

The Royal British Legion, which marks its 90th anniversary this year, held a Silence in the Square event in Trafalgar Square which was preceded by readings and performances.

In Liverpool, a piper played in Church Street to mark the legion's 90th anniversary.

British service personnel in Afghanistan held a two-minute silence at 11:00 local time (06:30 GMT).

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