UK

Coronavirus in the UK: How many confirmed cases are there in your area?

A pedestrian sits on a bench in Aberdeen city centre. Image copyright Getty Images

There have been more than 300,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus so far in the UK and over 46,000 people have died, government figures show. However, these numbers only include people tested, and the actual death toll is higher.

Here we a take a look at some of the key figures of the pandemic in the UK - estimates of the death toll and number of cases. You can also find out more about cases in your area using our search tool below.

Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:

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Rise in new cases amid concern over hotspots

As confirmed cases start to edge up again, the further easing of lockdown measures in England has been postponed for at least two weeks.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the government has had to to "squeeze that brake pedal... in order to keep the virus under control."

In Scotland, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced new lockdown restrictions in Aberdeen on Wednesday, following an outbreak of 54 confirmed cases.

People are being told not to travel to Aberdeen, and those living in the city face travel restrictions.

A further 892 cases were confirmed across the UK on Wednesday.

While levels of infection remain far below peak levels seen in April, figures from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) released last week suggest the number of infections could be higher than the government's daily figures.

A sample of households in England, excluding care homes and hospitals, which were tested for current infection, suggest cases have risen from an estimated 3,200 to 4,200 per day since last week.

These ONS estimates are higher than those reported by the Department of Health and Social Care because they include people without symptoms who would not otherwise have applied for a test.

Several countries across Europe have reported a recent rise in cases, sparking concern of a similar resurgence of the disease in the UK. Spain has seen a particularly sharp rise.

The UK currently has a number of local "hotspots" of cases, many in the north of England, and specific restrictions have been imposed on these areas.

Millions of people in Greater Manchester, East Lancashire and parts of West Yorkshire are banned from meeting separate households in private homes or gardens.

Public Health England is now producing a coronavirus watchlist of areas, based on an assessment of incidence rates, and other indicators such as trends in testing, local responses and plans, healthcare activity and mortality.

Decline in daily deaths has slowed

While the number of new cases of coronavirus is rising again, government-announced deaths have continued to fall since a peak in mid-April, though the downward trend has slowed recently.

On Wednesday, 65 deaths were reported.

The latest figures are published on the government's coronavirus dashboard - although a review is taking place into the way deaths from coronavirus are counted in England.

Public Health England have confirmed that reported deaths may have included people who tested positive months before they died. Other UK nations include only those who died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.

The majority of the UK's deaths have been in England, with nearly 42,000 so far.

There were two new deaths reported in Wales on Wednesday. There were no deaths reported in Northern Ireland or Scotland.

Overall death toll could be more than 60,000

When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count such deaths in three different ways.

Public Health England counts the deaths of people who have tested positive for coronavirus, providing the government with a figure every 24 hours.

But the ONS publishes weekly updates using two other measures.

The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The latest figures using this measure suggest there had been almost 56,000 deaths by 24 July.

The ONS also looks at all UK deaths over and above the number usually expected for the time of year - known as excess deaths. The latest figures for this measure show the death toll was just under 64,000 by 24 July.

In recent weeks, figures used in this third measure have actually been falling.

This is because the number of deaths from all causes registered in a single week - including coronavirus - has now stayed below the five-year average for six weeks in a row.

Of the deaths registered in the week to 24 July, 231 involved coronavirus, or just 2.3% of the total of 10,142.

Figures released by the ONS last week show that England had the highest levels of excess deaths in Europe between the end of February and the middle of June.

Some areas of Spain and Italy were harder hit than UK cities. But ONS analysis shows the epidemic in the UK was more widespread than in other countries. Scotland saw the third highest death rate in Europe - behind England and Spain. Wales was in fifth place and Northern Ireland in eighth.

The government has argued it is too soon to make definitive international comparisons but, as the impact of the first wave becomes clear in many countries, analysis is beginning to suggest the UK has been the hardest hit of the leading G7 nations.

What is the R number in the UK?

The "R number" is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.

If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.

The current estimate by the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, known as Sage, for the R number across the whole of the UK is between 0.8 and 0.9 as of 31 July.

The estimate for England is between 0.8 and 1.0, while for Scotland it is between 0.6 and 0.9. In Northern Ireland it is 0.5-0.9, while it is 0.6-0.9 in Wales.

While the government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in deciding when lockdown measures can be eased, it now says these estimates do not fully represent current infection levels.

The latest estimated R number released on Friday represented "the transmission of Covid-19 from several weeks ago due to a time delay between someone being infected and needing healthcare", the Government Office for Science said.

More recent data suggested a higher R for England, the government added. ONS estimates also suggest daily cases have increased, but nowhere near the levels seen earlier in the year.

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