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Covid-19 in the UK: How many coronavirus cases are there in your area?

By The Visual and Data Journalism Team
BBC News

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  • Coronavirus pandemic
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There have been more than 3.5 million confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and more than 95,000 people have died, government figures show.

However, these figures include only people who have died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.

Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:

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Daily cases starting to fall

The number of cases reached record levels in early January, partly driven by a new variant of the virus thought to be much more easily transmissible than other strains.

However daily reported cases, on average, now appear to be declining.

A further 40,261 confirmed cases across the UK were announced by the government on Friday.

It is thought the infection rate was much higher than was evident from the reported number of cases during the first peak in spring last year. Testing capacity was too limited to detect the true number of daily cases.

The darker orange and red areas on the map below show the areas currently seeing the highest number of cases per 100,000 people.

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Over-70s next in line for vaccine

Latest government figures show that more than five million people in the UK have now received a first dose of a vaccine, and more than 460,000 people have had a second.

People in England aged 70 and over, as well as those listed as clinically extremely vulnerable, were expected to start receiving offers of a vaccine this week.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock says the government is aiming to offer all UK adults a vaccine by September.

The government needs to give about 380,000 vaccine doses a day if it is to reach the 15 million most vulnerable people by the middle of February. While the current seven-day average achieved has been almost 307,000, on Thursday more than 400,000 first doses were administered for the first time. If this is maintained, the target will be reached.

In total, more than 4.6 million people in England have had one vaccine dose. In Scotland, 358,000 people have had their first dose, while the figure is around 212,000 in Wales and 151,000 in Northern Ireland.

And there is also some regional variation.

North East and North West England have reached the highest percentage of over-80s with their first doses so far.

Within England, eight areas had given the first dose of the vaccine to fewer than 50% of the over 80s by 17 January.

Suffolk and North East Essex currently has the lowest proportion at 36%. But there are four areas where that figure is more than 75%, with Gloucestershire at 85%.

Vaccine Minister Nadhim Zahawi has said the UK remains on course to meet its target of of vaccinating 15 million of the most vulnerable people by mid-February.

Daily deaths rising quickly

More people have now died from coronavirus in the second wave than the first. On Friday, the government announced a further 1,401 deaths within 28 days of a positive test.

Of these deaths, 1,251 were in England, 71 in Scotland, 67 in Wales and 12 in Northern Ireland.

Chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance said the new variant of the virus, which spreads more rapidly than the original, could also be more deadly for certain age groups.

However, he said there was increasing evidence that the vaccines would be effective against it.

The average number of daily deaths began to rise again in September, following the first peak in spring last year.

Rules were amended over the summer to include deaths in the coronavirus total only if they occurred within 28 days of a positive test. Previously in England, all deaths after a positive test were included.

England has seen the majority of UK deaths from Covid-19. Using the 28-day cut-off, there have been about 83,000.

Hospitals under severe pressure

There are now just under 40,000 people with coronavirus in hospital in the UK - almost double the number in the spring peak.

NHS England chief executive Sir Simon Stevens has warned that "hospitals are under extreme pressure and staff are under extreme pressure".

London, the South East, the East of England and Midlands have seen the biggest numbers in recent weeks.

But all nations and regions now have more patients in hospital than during the first wave in spring.

UK nations under lockdown

Lockdowns are in place across the UK, with schools closed to most pupils.

People have been told to stay at home, other than for limited purposes such as essential food shopping, medical appointments and work which cannot be performed in the home.

The lockdown in England will be reviewed on 15 February.

The restrictions in Wales are due to be reviewed on 29 January.

In Scotland, restrictions have been extended until at least the middle of February.

In Northern Ireland, the lockdown has been extended through to 5 March.

Death toll could be about 95,000

When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count deaths in three different ways.

Government figures count people who died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.

But there are two other measures.

The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The most recent figures suggest there had been more than 95,000 deaths by 8 January.

The second measure counts all deaths over and above the usual number at the time of year - that figure was also more than 95,000 by the same date.

More deaths involving Covid (the second bar in the chart above) than 'excess' deaths (the third bar) means non-Covid deaths must be below usual levels.

This could be because of a milder flu season - resulting from less travel and more social distancing - and because some people who might have died for other reasons had there been no pandemic, died of Covid.

What is the R number in the UK?

The "R number" is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.

If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.

The government's current estimate for the R number across the whole of the UK is 0.8 to 1.0, which means the outbreak could now be shrinking.

The estimate for England is 0.8 to 1.0, Scotland is 0.8 to 1.1, Wales is 0.8 to 1.1 and in Northern Ireland it is 0.65 to 0.85.

The government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in making policy decisions. On Friday, it dipped below 1.0 for the first time since mid-December.

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