10 key moments of the UK winter storms

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The UK has been battered by strong winds and lashed by heavy rain in a series of ferocious storms that have barrelled across the Atlantic.

The storms, which began in October last year, have forced many from their homes and are set to make the 2013-14 winter the wettest on record. More than 5,000 homes and businesses have been flooded and many rivers in southern England have reached their highest ever recorded levels.

Scroll down to see a visual timeline of the winter storms.

1. St Jude's Storm: 27-28 October 2013

Image source, Getty Images/BBC

In late October, a powerful storm named St Jude caused chaos across parts of Europe. Four people died after the storm hit Britain, leading to 625,000 homes losing power, and rail and flight cancellations.

At the height of the storm, a top wind speed of 99mph was recorded on the Isle of Wight.

Image source, Met Office

2. Tidal surge: 5-6 December 2013

Image source, Getty Images

A series of major storms went on to batter the country, starting on the 5 and 6 December, causing disruption for many as the strong winds and rain brought down power lines, flooded homes and triggered landslips.

Thousands of people were evacuated and England's east coast experienced the worst tidal surge in 60 years.

  • Homes flooded in Whitby


    About 100 homes in Whitby, North Yorkshire, were flooded as the worst storm surge on record hit coastal towns on the east of Britain. Dan Johnson met one man trying to clean up.

  • Cleaning up in Boston


    Residents in Boston, Lincolnshire are cleaning up after a tidal surge hit coastal towns on the east of Britain. Ben Brown reports.

  • Bungalow falls down cliff at Hemsby


    A bungalow fell 20 feet down a cliff after a tidal surge hit Hemsby in Norfolk. Steven Connelly explains how he rushed home to salvage what he could.

  • Thousands of homes evacuated


    Thousands of people spent the night away from their homes as a severe storm battered large parts of the UK. The BBC's Nick Beake reports from Clacton-on-Sea in Essex

3. Further storms: 23-31 December 2013

Image source, Reuters

South West England was shaken by further storms. High winds and heavy rain caused power outages, road closures and widespread travel disruption.

The Environment Agency warned of flooding on the Somerset Levels and alarm bells rang for the Local Government Association which urged people to look online for details of emergency accommodation in case they were forced out of their homes by rising water levels.

4. A stormy December: Month in review

Image source, Reuters

In fact, December 2013 turned out to be the stormiest since 1969.

Met Office figures showed the month was one of the windiest since January 1993. The figures were based on analysis of wind speeds above 50 knots (58mph) at a number of weather stations in the UK.

December was also a very wet month. The UK received 184.7mm of rain, making it the sixth wettest December on record for the country as a whole. But Scotland was drenched in its wettest December on record, with an average rainfall of 296.1mm, beating the previous high set in 1986 of 268.5mm.

Image caption,
Map shows above average rainfall in certain historic counties, as measured by the Met Office.

5. More coastal flooding: Early January 2014

Image source, Mark Lewis

Stormy weather continued to wreak havoc into January. A combination of high winds, rain and strong waves battered the coastline and also caused flooding further inland.

Homeowners on the inundated Somerset Levels began to be evacuated. As the month progressed, anger grew and residents accused the Environment Agency of neglecting the rivers.

Along the coastline, the landmark rock arch in Porthcothan Bay in Cornwall was reduced to rubble and in Portland, Dorset, a rock stack off the coast, known locally as Pom Pom rock, was washed away.

Image source, SWNS
Image source, Stuart Morris

6. Major incident declared: 24-27 January 2014

Image source, Getty Images

As rain continued to fall and floods worsened, a "major incident" was declared in late January by two councils - Somerset County and Sedgemoor District - in a bid to mobilise extra support. This included a request to the armed forces to consider helping those who had been cut off.

Environment Secretary Owen Paterson visited the area and was confronted by angry residents lambasting a failure to dredge the rivers.

Prime Minister David Cameron later announced rivers in Somerset would be dredged once all floodwater had drained off the Levels and the river banks were safe.

Somerset Levels floods

7. A record January: Month in review

Image source, Getty Images

Parts of England had their wettest January since records began more than 100 years ago. The Met Office said much of southern England and parts of the Midlands had seen twice the average rainfall for January.

8. More storms: 5-6 February 2014

Image source, Need credit

Another major storm in early February forced more people from their homes, left thousands without power and destroyed a stretch of railway,

A section of the sea wall in Dawlish, Devon, collapsed and left the railway to Cornwall suspended in mid-air.

David Cameron chaired his first Cobra meeting this year and announced an extra £100m for flood works.

Further flooding across the Somerset Levels left farmland and businesses under water and forced more residents to evacuate their homes.

  • Moorland flooding


    Moorland landowner Sam Notaro is doing his best to fight the floodwaters by building a barrier around his recently-built home.

  • Moorland defences

    × Moorland defences

    Royal Marines have been drafted in to help build sandbag walls around other properties in Moorland - where dozens homes have been evacuated.

  • Muchelney rescue

    × Muchelney boat

    For weeks, the village of Muchelney has only been accessible by boat, as roads are submerged beneath the floodwater.

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    × Moorland flooding
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9. Thames on alert: 7-9 February 2014

Image source, Reuters

Gales continued to batter southern parts of the UK, with coastal areas hit by wind and rain. Gusts reached 80mph on the coasts of Cornwall, the Bristol Channel and west Wales.

Landslips and floods meant all rail routes into south-west England were blocked.

In Surrey, the River Thames burst its banks at Chertsey, with homeowners warned to expect flooding.

10. Crisis deepens: 10-14 February 2014

Image source, AFP

An the month continued, more bad weather arrived. Thousands of properties in Wales were left without power following winds of up to 112mph.

Severe flood warnings were in place in parts of Cornwall, Gloucestershire, Somerset, Berkshire and Surrey.

Flooding along the Thames continued to force people from their homes, as the river reached its highest level in 60 years.

Compiled by Lucy Rodgers and Mark Bryson