Indigenous peoples of Canada

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The people that live with ravens

The Haida Nation's respect for the raven
In Haida Gwaii, an archipelago off the coast of Canada, the raven is highly revered.

The Haida are an indigenous people who have lived there since the Ice Age. They are divided into the Raven and the Eagle clan - with both clans crediting the raven with helping to create the world as well as humankind.

Producer: Neil McCarthy
(Photo credit: Getty Images)
Indian Relay rallies Canada's First Nation communities
As if horse racing was not dangerous enough, these Canadian Indian riders also have no saddles.

Why the Pope won’t apologise for the abuse of Canadian children

Richard Gagnon is the Catholic Archbishop of Winnipeg
Richard Gagnon is the Archbishop of Winnipeg.  He says the Catholic Church in Canada has already said ‘sorry’ for abuse in church-run residential schools.  

Canada’s residential school system took off in the 1880s and was a deliberate attempt to assimilate the original inhabitants of the country to deal with what the government of the time called the ‘Indian problem’.  The system lasted more than 100 years. 

Most schools closed in the 1970s but a few remained until the 90s.  The children were not allowed to speak their native languages, were told their native cultures were sinful.  They were given new names, were often malnourished and severely beaten.  Some were sexually abused.  

About 70% of these schools were run by the Catholic Church.  Now Canada wants an official apology from the Pope.  

Photo: Trudeau and Pope   Credit: ETTORE FERRARI/AFP/Getty Images