One of the biggest election issues in India is unemployment.
A controversy erupted recently over a leak of government jobs data that suggested unemployment in India is at a 45-year-high – a worrying situation, considering the millions of Indian youth entering the workforce each year. The government disputes these figures and maintains the situation isn’t as bad as it seems.
So, the question is: Are there enough jobs? And for those who are employed, are the jobs suitable to their qualifications?
Most of India’s workforce is still in the informal sector, with irregular wages and no social protection. How can the situation here be improved?
How have policies to promote job creation through entrepreneurship, upskilling and manufacturing fared?
And how does the future look – are automation and machine learning eventually coming for all of us?
Presenter: Devina Gupta
Contributors: Sabina Dewan, president and executive director, JustJobs Network; Dr Seema Sharma, consultant, ICRIER (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations); Varun Aggarwal, co-founder, Aspiring Minds
Graduate Brian wears a sign to try and find work in South Africa, where youth unemployment is 54%.
Botswana's youth unemployment problem
It’s been described as one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Diamond-rich Botswana has been praised for its good governance and rule of law. An average annual growth rate of just under 5% over the past twenty years has helped to slash poverty by a third. So why are so many of its graduates unemployed? Economists blame skills shortages, high public sector wages and a barrage of red tape. But as the BBC’s Szu Ping Chan reports from Gaborone, being tenacious, talented and a team player won’t always get you the job: