He taught himself to read from newspapers but went on to win a Nobel Prize.Read more
Professor Donna Strickland won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2018, becoming just the third woman ever to win the award. She spoke to Kim Chakanetsa about the day she found out and how it's changing things for her. Image: Donna Strickland in her lab Credit: University of Waterloo
Professor Frances Arnold won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2018. She says the key for women to get ahead in the sciences and win more awards like the Nobel, is to build a network of men and women who know your work, and will nominate you. Image: Frances Arnold in her lab Credit: Caltech
Each year a million dollars is on offer to the winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. This year, the money is being shared between two American researchers. William Nordhaus of Yale University won for his work on the economics of climate change. He's called for a worldwide tax on activities which produce carbon dioxide. Paul Romer of New York University meanwhile won for his research into how innovation can be used to help protect the environment. Our economics editor Andrew Walker asked Mr Romer about his research highlights. (Photo credit: Getty Images)
Nadia Murad, an Iraqi Yazidi who was tortured and raped by Islamic State militants, explains what winning the prize means to her.
Congolese Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr Denis Mukwege says recent gains against rape have been reversed.
William Nordhaus and Paul Romer have won the 2018 Nobel Economics Prize.
What work led them to being honoured with the prize?
William Nordhaus’ research showed how economic activity interacts with basic chemistry and physics to produce climate change.
The research showed that the most efficient remedy for problems caused by greenhouse gas emissions is a global scheme of carbon taxes uniformly imposed on all countries.
Paul Romer’s research showed how the accumulation of ideas sustains long-term economic growth. He demonstrated how economic forces govern the willingness of firms to produce new ideas and innovations.
His research laid the foundation of what is now called endogenous growth theory. The theory has generated vast amounts of new research into the regulations and policies that encourage new ideas and long-term prosperity.
The economics prize is the only Nobel not created by Alfred Nobel, and was instead launched in 1968, long after the philanthropist's death.