The new duties come days before countries' leaders are expected to meet at a G20 summit in Japan.Read more
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said the US wants India to relax regulations and allow US firms more access to its markets ahead of a visit to India later this month.
US President Donald Trump made a decision to hike tariffs for goods from India from 5 June.
The US is particularly annoyed about India tightening its e-commerce rules to favour domestic firms, putting Amazon's and Walmart's noses out of joint.
US President Donald Trump plans to meet with China's President Xi Jinping at the G20 summit later this month, despite acknowledging relations between the two sides are a "bit testy".
The world's two largest economies are locked in trade battle and Mr Trump has threatened to impose tariffs on another $325bn (£255.9bn) worth of Chinese goods after the G20 if they can't strike an agreement
"I think that we'll end up making a deal with China. We have a very good relationship, although it's a little bit testy right now, as you would expect. I think they really have to make a deal," he told reporters.
Chinese tariffs have targeted the US agricultural industry as farmers are a key voting bloc for Trump.
US President Donald Trump said he will decide whether to follow through on a threat to ramp up tariffs on China after the G20 summit later this month.
The trade battle between the world's two largest economies has sharply escalated over the past month, and Mr Trump has warned he could hit $300bn (£236.4bn) worth of Chinese goods with new duties.
"I will make that decision in the next two weeks after the G20. I will be meeting with President Xi and we’ll see what happens, we’re probably planning it sometime after G20," Mr Trump said in France on Thursday.
Talks between the US and Mexico are set to resume on Friday, as the deadline set by the Trump administration to impose tariffs on all Mexican imports looms.
President Donald Trump has said all Mexico exports to the US will be hit with a 5% tariffs from Monday if Mexico doesn't take action to curb migration flows.
"There has been some movement on their part. It's been encouraging," US Vice President Mike Pence reportedly said. "The discussions are going to continue in the days ahead."