Plans which could see drivers in part of Staffordshire being charged for using high polluting vehicles are being opposed by councillors.
The government's told both Newcastle under Lyme Borough Council and Stoke-on-Trent City Council to draw up improvement plans by October, to cut dangerous levels of nitrogen dioxide.
Hotspots include the A53 at Basford Bank, Hanley, Cobridge and Burslem and a chargeable clean air zone's being pushed by ministers as the default option.
But Newcastle under Lyme councillors don't like the idea of daily charges ranging from £8 to £100 and are going to ask their local MP to raise their concerns with the government.
They argue that such a charge could hit town centre businesses and the taxi trade.