Libya crisis

  1. Video content

    Video caption: Handcuffed, blindfolded and beaten on Libya's front line

    Special correspondent Feras Kilani on what it's been like to cover the 10 years since Colonel Gaddafi was deposed and killed.

  2. UN says Libya arms embargo 'totally ineffective'

    Libya has been under an arms embargo since the 2011 uprising that drove out the former leader, Col Muammar Gaddafi.
    Image caption: Libya has been under an arms embargo since 2011

    A new UN report has accused countries supporting armed factions in Libya of extensively violating an arms embargo imposed on the north African country.

    "The arms embargo remains totally ineffective. For those member states directly supporting the parties to the conflict, the violations are extensive, blatant and with complete disregard for the sanctions measures," the report notes.

    Libya has been under an arms embargo since the 2011 uprising that drove out the former leader, Col Muammar Gaddafi.

    Until this month, the country has been split between a UN- recognised government in the west fighting against the warlord Khalifa Haftar whose rival administration controlled the east.

    The two sides were supported by different regional powers.

    Some of Mr Haftar's international supporters including the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Russia, Syria, and Egypt have been singled out in previous reports or in the one published Tuesday, the AFP news agency reports.

    Turkey and Qatar, which support the authorities in Tripoli, have also been named in the report.

    A new unity government was sworn in on Monday, marking the end of years of rival administrations.

  3. Libya's new unity government sworn in

    BBC World Service

    Libya's new interim prime minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah speaks after being sworn in the eastern Libyan city of Tobruk
    Image caption: Prime minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah will lead until the next elections

    Libya's new unity government has been sworn in, marking the end of years of rival administrations.

    The interim prime minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, who was selected during UN-brokered peace talks last month, will lead the country until elections planned for December.

    Libya descended into conflict after the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi 10 years ago.

    It was then split between a UN- recognised government in the west fighting against the warlord Khalifa Haftar whose rival administration controlled the east.

    The two sides were supported by different regional powers.

  4. WHO uses sanctioned Syrian airliner to fly aid to Libya

    BBC World Service

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has used a Syrian airline under US sanctions to transport humanitarian aid to Libya.

    The WHO has posted a photograph of a Cham Wings aircraft it had used to ferry 16 tonnes of medicines and supplies from its warehouses in Dubai to Libya's second city Benghazi.

    View more on twitter

    The organisation's representative in Libya Elizabeth Hoff used to be its envoy to Syria for seven years from 2012.

    The Syrian private carrier was placed under US sanctions in 2016 for reportedly carrying weapons and foreign fighters to support President Bashar al-Assad's troops against rebels.

    Cham Wings is thought to be owned by Mr Assad's brother-in-law.

  5. Tunisia pushes for UN monitors for Libya’s ceasefire

    BBC World Service

    Libyan rebels battle government troops as smoke from a damaged oil facility darkens the frontline sky on March 11, 2011 in Ras Lanuf, Libya.
    Image caption: Libya was torn by violence from 2011 after Col Muammar Gaddafi was deposed

    The Tunisian ambassador to the United Nations has called for a Security Council resolution that would send monitors to support Libya's ceasefire.

    Tarek Ladeb, who this month holds the council presidency, said the Libyan ceasefire agreed in October had momentum, but was still fragile.

    Last week, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres asked for a monitoring group made up of civilians and retired soldiers from the African Union, European Union and Arab League.

    Under the ceasefire deal, all foreign forces in Libya are to leave by 23 January, three months after the agreement was signed.

    Their departure would be monitored by international observers.

  6. Libya's warring sides agree on election roadmap

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    UN acting envoy to Libya Stephanie Williams speaks during a press conference in Tunis, Tunisia on 11 November 2020
    Image caption: UN envoy to Libya Stephanie Williams described the step as a “breakthrough”

    Libya’s rivals have reached a “preliminary agreement to a roadmap” for elections.

    The announcement was made by the UN acting envoy to Libya, Stephanie Williams, who is overseeing the week-long talks being held in neighbouring Tunisia.

    The political peace talks started on Monday following last month’s ceasefire agreement signed between the warring sides in Geneva.

    The UN has been keen to show progress at the political talks between dozens of Libyan representatives gathered in Tunis to determine their country’s political future.

    Their task is to set a date for elections and to put together a transitional authority to oversee that process.

    In a news conference at the end of the third day of talks here, Ms Williams said participants reached an agreement on a roadmap for parliamentary and presidential elections to be held within 18 months.

    Although she described the step as a “breakthrough”, what could be the more difficult task of appointing a new transitional government and Presidency Council in the interim, has not been tackled yet.

    The UN official said Thursday’s talks will focus on the “prerogatives and competencies” of that transitional body.


    Libya rivals sign ceasefire deal

  7. Libya reopens oil field

    BBC World Service

    El-Feel oil field

    Libya's state oil company has announced the reopening of the last major oil field under its control, days after the country's warring parties agreed a ceasefire deal.

    The National Oil Corporation says it has lifted its restrictions on El-Feel oilfield - meaning that it has ended all the closures of oilfields and ports brought on by a months-long blockade by forces loyal to the Khalifa Haftar - the military commander based in eastern Libya.

    Gen Haftar's forces imposed the blockade in January when they were still besieging the capital, Tripoli, but agreed to lift it in September.

    Libya's economy is dependent on oil.

    More about Libya:

  8. Analysis: What this Libyan ceasefire agreement means

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    A resident walks amidst the rubble of a building that was damaged when forces loyal to eastern-based strongman Khalifa Haftar shelled the residential neighbourhood of Znatah in the Libyan capital Tripoli, held by the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), on May 1, 2020.
    Image caption: Parts of Libya had been shattered by the shelling in Libya over the years

    The ceasefire agreement which has been signed today in Geneva by Libya’s rival military representatives contains a tall order of requests from both sides - key of which are the withdrawal of troops from frontlines to their respective camps, an exit of foreign troops involved by proxy over the next three months, and freezing foreign security agreements.

    Libya’s conflict over the years morphed into a wider one with foreign powers including Turkey, Russia, and the UAE backing rival administrations there.

    The UN’s acting envoy to Libya Stephanie Williams says a lot of work needs to be done in the days and weeks ahead to implement the commitments outlined in the agreement.

    But this deal is not the end of the negotiating process, for a long-lasting settlement in Libya.

    Another crucial deal that needs to be reached is a political agreement that satisfies both camps, which could play a role in how this latest military agreement is implemented.

    Read more: Why is Libya so lawless?

  9. Head of Libya's Tripoli government offers to hand over power

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al Serraj
    Image caption: Fayez al-Serraj was appointed prime minister in 2015

    Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj says he intends to “hand over” power to the next executive authority by the end of October.

    He is currently the head of the internationally recognised government in Tripoli.

    There has been a renewed drive by the international community for a new political solution for Libya, with talks taking place in several countries.

    In his televised address on Wednesday night, Mr Serraj called on the dialogue committee to work quickly on forming a new executive authority, in order to guarantee a peaceful transition of power.

    He says he “sincerely intends to hand over” his duties to the next executive authority by the end of October at the latest.

    Although he did not specify what he would do in the event of this deadline not being met.

    Mr Serraj said that hopefully the members of the dialogue committee will finish their work by then and select a new presidential council and prime minister.

    He was appointed as prime minister and chairman of Libya’s presidential council under the last UN-brokered agreement signed in December 2015.

  10. Libya's rival administrations meet in Morocco for talks

    BBC World Service

    Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourit leads a conference on Libya in Bouznika, Morocco, 06 September 2020.
    Image caption: Moroccan foreign minister, Nasser Bourita, is hosting the meeting

    Delegates of Libya's rival administrations have met for talks in Morocco two weeks after the two sides declared a ceasefire.

    Five delegates each met from the UN- recognised government in Tripoli and the rival parliament based in the eastern city of Tobruk.

    Moroccan Foreign Minister, Nasser Bourita, while opening the meeting in the town of Bouznika, said that Morocco had no specific agenda but wanted to give Libyans a chance to discuss the issues dividing them.

    Morocco hosted talks in 2015 that led to the creation of the UN- recognised government in Tripoli.

    Delegates from rivalling Libyan governments meet in Morocco for talks


  11. Video content

    Video caption: UAE implicated in lethal Libya drone strike

    The BBC uncovers evidence that a drone operated by the UAE killed 26 unarmed cadets at a military academy in Tripoli.