1. Egypt jails researcher over Facebook post

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    An Egyptian court has sentenced a researcher to three years in prison in a retrial over charges of "publishing false news".

    Researcher Ahmed Samir Santawy, 30, was charged with "publishing false news from abroad" on conditions in the country in a Facebook post on his personal account.

    He was sentenced by an exceptional court in a verdict that cannot be appealed.

    Santawy's lawyer, Ahmed Ragheb, told the independent Mada Masr website that he would file a request with the recently formed presidential pardon committee for his client's release.

    The researcher was initially sentenced to four years in prison over the same charges in July last year.

    However the verdict was overturned after his lawyers filed a grievance.

    Dozens of domestic and international human rights organisations have been calling for Santawy's release.

    Santawy, who was studying in Austria, was arrested and detained by security forces on 1 February 2021 while on holiday at home.

    His new sentence came one day before the start of political dialogue with opposition figures in the country on Tuesday.

    Dozens of political activists were released ahead of the dialogue.

  2. Record profits for Egypt's Suez Canal

    Mark Pivac

    BBC World Service Newsroom

    Egypt's foreign currency reserves have had a welcome boost after the Suez Canal posted record revenues for the latest fiscal year.

    The head of the canal authority, Osama Rabie, said the $7bn (£5.7bn) earned in the 12 months to the end of June was more than 20% higher than the previous record.

    He said recent global crises proved the importance of the canal to the world's supply chains.

    The waterway, linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean, carries about a 10th of all maritime trade.

  3. UK MPs seek release of British-Egyptian activist

    Caroline Hawley

    BBC News

    Alaa Abdel Fattah
    Image caption: Alaa Abdel Fattah, pictured here in 2019, has been on hunger strike since April

    A letter signed by 34 British MPs and Lords has been delivered to the Egyptian embassy expressing their opposition to the imprisonment of a British national in Egypt.

    The group hopes that Alaa Abdel Fattah's "release will indeed be secured soon, and that he will be allowed to travel to the United Kingdom".

    Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry is expected to visit London for talks with UK Foreign Secretary Liz Truss.

    This comes after Ms Truss confirmed to parliament on last month that she "is working very hard to secure [Alaa’s] release" and would be bringing it up with Mr Shoukry at an upcoming visit to London.

    Monday will be Mr Alaa’s 94th day of hunger strike.

    It will also be his sister’s 23rd day of hunger strike.

    "I have now lost 8.6% of my bodyweight. I started this strike because I wanted to shine some small light on what Alaa is going through. And I can tell you: I’m exhausted, I’m weak. But I know that Alaa is not going to give up, and we are never going to give up on him either," Mona Seif said.

  4. Two women killed in Egypt's Red Sea shark attack

    BBC World Service

    White shark
    Image caption: Several beaches have been closed after the shark attacks

    Egyptian officials say that two women have now been killed in shark attacks while swimming in the Red Sea.

    The environment ministry says the attacks occurred within 600m (1,970 ft) of each other.

    The authorities had earlier announced that an Austrian woman in her 60s had died of her injuries on Friday .

    A Romanian woman in her 40s is now also said to have been killed.

    The incidents happened in the Hurghada region, which is a major tourist resort.

    Several beaches have been closed in the area as a result.

  5. Death sentence for man who murdered Egyptian student

    Mike Thomson

    BBC World Service Newsroom

    Nayera Ashraf
    Image caption: Nayera Ashraf, 21, had previously reported her fears about being attacked

    An Egyptian court has recommended the death sentence for a man who murdered a student after she had refused to marry him.

    The defendant, Mohamed Adel, pleaded guilty to stabbing Nayera Ashraf to death outside Mansoura University north of the capital, Cairo.

    The case caused outrage across Egypt when a video of the killing went viral after being posted online.

    Ms Ashraf had previously reported her fears about being attacked after receiving death threats on her phone.

    The verdict was met with celebrations in front of the courthouse.

    The AFP news agency explains that the verdict will now be referred to Egypt's top theological authority - the grand mufti - which is a formality in death penalty cases.

    Egypt carried out the third-highest number of executions in the world last year, according to Amnesty International.

  6. Manhunt for Egyptian judge accused of wife's murder

    Youssef Taha

    BBC World Service Newsroom

    Shaimaa Gamal
    Image caption: Shaimaa Gamal became notorious a few years ago for appearing to snort heroin live on air

    A huge manhunt is under way in Egypt for a leading judge accused of murdering his television presenter wife, whom he reported missing from a shopping mall near Cairo three weeks ago.

    A man, claiming to be the Judge Ayman Hajjaj’s accomplice, had led the authorities to a farm where Shaimaa Gamal's body was found, the public prosecutor's office said.

    Officials at the scene said an attempt had been made to disfigure her body in order to prevent identification.

    The public prosecutor's office said its investigations had proved that the TV anchor was last seen with her husband at the shopping centre.

    The judge is deputy chairman of Egypt's powerful council of state, which has lifted his immunity.

    An international arrest warrant has also been issued as Mr Hajjaj had recently obtained visas for Canada and Poland.

    Gamal became notorious a few years ago after appearing to snort heroine live on air. She said the substance was sugar, but the TV presenter was suspended for three months.

    Statistics show that one third of women in Egypt are victims of domestic violence.

  7. Egypt's first democratic presidential election

    Video content

    Video caption: In June 2012, Mohamed Morsi was elected in Egypt's first free presidential election.

    In June 2012, Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood won Egypt's first ever free presidential election. Ben Henderson spoke to Rabab El-Mahdi, a political adviser.

  8. UK to help free activist on hunger strike in Egypt

    Alaa Abdel Fattah
    Image caption: Alaa Abdel Fattah was given British citizenship through his British-born mother

    Britain’s Foreign Secretary Liz Truss says she is seeking a meeting with her Egyptian counterpart to secure the release of a jailed activist who has been on a partial hunger strike since April.

    Alaa Abdel Fattah was given British citizenship through his British-born mother.

    He was a key figure in the 2011 uprising that ousted Egypt’s autocratic president Hosni Mubarak.

    Mr Fattah was given a five-year jail sentence last December after being accused of spreading false news.

    His family has welcomed Ms Truss’s pledge, saying time to help him is running out.

    Read more here.

  9. Egypt signs almost $8bn in deals with Saudi Arabia

    Mike Thomson

    BBC World Service News

    Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (L) is welcomed by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (R) at Cairo International Airport in Egypt, on 20 June 2022.

    Egypt has signed a raft of deals with Saudi Arabia worth nearly $8bn (£6.5bn) during a visit to Cairo by the Gulf kingdom’s de facto ruler, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

    It includes a $1.5bn investment in a wind power plant in Egypt, the government said in a statement.

    This was the Saudi crown prince’s first tour outside the Gulf for three years.

    He will later travel for talks with the leaders of Jordan, then Turkey - in what will be the latest step in restoring ties damaged by the killing of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul in 2018.

  10. Egypt and Israel sign deal for gas exports to EU

    BBC World Service

    Egypt, Israel and the European Union have signed a provisional deal for the export of natural gas at an energy conference in Cairo.

    The memorandum of understanding is aimed at lessening the EU's reliance on gas from Russia.

    The Israeli gas is expected to be sent to liquefaction plants in Egypt and then shipped north to markets in Europe.

    The Israeli energy ministry says it will allow significant exports of Israeli gas to Europe for the first time.

  11. Ethiopia celebrates victory over Egypt after years of hurt

    Ameyu Etana

    BBC News

    Due to a long-running rivalry, Ethiopia's 2-0 victory over Egypt on Thursday in an Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) qualifier carries a lot of meaning for Ethiopians.

    In fact it was the first time Ethiopia has beaten its northern neighbour and six-time Afcon winner in 33 years, according to Caf.

    Despite being a pioneer in African football, Ethiopia has been under-performing for years, which has left many football lovers in despair.

    "Nothing makes me happier in football than seeing #Ethiopia beat #Egypt!,’"one wrote on Twitter, on Thursday.

    Some couldn't resist comparisons to the tensions between the two nations over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd). The hydroelectric dam sits on the Nile upstream of Egypt, which sees it as a threat to the nation's prosperity.

    "Fill the goal. Fill the Gerd," was one such comment.

    Despite objections from Egypt, Ethiopia is generating electricity after the dam has been partially filled over the past two years.

    The head of Ethiopia's football body was also quoted saying the game has meaning other than football.

    The game was played in Malawi as Ethiopia does not have a stadium that can host international fixtures.

  12. Bulldog-like dinosaur remains found in Egypt

    BBC World Service


    Scientists in Egypt say they have found the remains of a new type of large predatory dinosaur, with a face like a bulldog and tiny arms.

    View more on twitter

    Fossils of the new species - which belongs to the abelisaurid dinosaur family - were discovered at the Bahariya Oasis in the Western Desert.

    The Egyptian scientific team say the dinosaur - which has yet to be named - was around six metres (19.6ft) tall and similar to the Tyrannosaurus Rex.

    They say the fossils date back around 98 million years.

    The Bahariya Oasis is one of the richest deposits in the world for dinosaur fossils.

  13. Egypt to provide 30m Covid jabs to African states

    Mike Thomson

    BBC World Service Newsroom

    Laboratory workers supervise the production of vials of China's Sinovac vaccine against the coronavirus, produced by the Egyptian company VACSERA, in the capital Cairo, on September 1, 2021
    Image caption: Egypt will provide the Covid vaccine doses through the African Union

    The president of Egypt has promised to provide 30 million doses of coronavirus vaccine to African countries, in coordination with the African Union.

    Abdul Fattah al-Sisi made the announcement at the first pan-African health conference, which is being held in the Egyptian capital, Cairo.

    Around 400 health officials, along with medical companies working in more than 100 countries, are attending the event.

    President Sisi said that although Egypt had limited resources like other African countries, it was ready to cooperate with them all.