Egypt

  1. Talks on Nile Dam dispute to resume

    Kalkidan Yibeltal

    BBC News, Addis Ababa

    Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam

    Talks between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt over the controversial mega-dam across the Blue Nile are set to resume on Tuesday after a seven-week hiatus.

    The announcement by South Africa's President and Africa Union chairman, Cyril Ramaphosa, comes days after US President Donald Trump suggested that Egypt might “blow up” the dam.

    Ethiopia sees the US as siding with Egypt in the dispute and termed Mr Trump’s remarks as “reckless, unproductive and a violation of international law”.

    It has summoned US ambassador in Addis Ababa.

    The resumption of the talks is a “reaffirmation of the confidence that the parties have in an African-led negotiations process," Mr Ramaphosa’s statement on Monday said.

    Dina Mufti, a spokesperson at Ethiopia’ foreign affairs ministry, has told the BBC's that government believes Mr Trump’s remarks will not deter the negotiations.

    “The three countries are in talks with the African Union as a negotiator. This doesn’t concern the President [Trump]. The only thing that concerns him is to encourage and support us to arrive at a deal and then accept our agreements,” Mr Dina said.

    Ethiopia sees the $4.6bn (£3.5bn) Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in the western part of the country as an integral part of its plan to provide electricity for tens of millions of its citizens.

    But Egypt and Sudan, who are dependent on the Nile waters, are concerned that it might impact their water supplies.

    Despite sitting down for negotiations multiple times, the three countries have not managed to arrive at a comprehensive deal.

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  2. Egypt closes polls for first round of elections

    Women cast their ballot papers at a polling station in Giza, Egypt
    Image caption: There was a heavy turnout in the polls

    Polls in Egypt closed on Sunday after a heavy turnout for the parliamentary elections in 14 provinces.

    A second round of voting is scheduled for 7-8 November for 13 other provinces.

    Run-offs for all the provinces will be held on different dates in November and December.

    The new legislators will begin their term in January 2021.

    More than 4,000 candidates are vying in the polls.

    The previous parliament was full of President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's supporters.

    In 2013, Mr Sisi led the military's overthrow of Egypt's first democratically elected president, Mohammed Morsi, following protests against his rule.

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  3. Egyptian actor Mahmoud Yassine dies

    BBC World Service

    One of the great figures from the golden age of Egyptian cinema, Mahmoud Yassine, has died, aged 79.

    Born in Port Said in 1942, Mahmoud Yassine graduated in law before taking up an acting career in Egyptian theatre in the late 1960s.

    He went on to play in more than 150 films and 60 television series, establishing himself as a celebrity in the Arab world.

    People on Twitter have been paying tribute by sharing old pictures of the actor.

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  4. Egypt and Kenya leaders held talks on Nile dam row

    Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Kenya's Uhuru Kenyatta

    Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Kenya's Uhuru Kenyatta held talks on the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd), according to Egyptian officials.

    The two leaders met in Egypt's capital, Cairo, on Sunday as President Kenyatta returned home from France.

    A brief from Egypt's spokesperson said: “The meeting touched on the latest regional developments of mutual interest, especially with regard to the issue of the Renaissance Dam, as it was agreed to intensify coordination between the two countries during the coming period on this sensitive and vital issue".

    Kenya did not mention the dam issue and only said that the two leaders discussed topics of mutual interest, "among them regional peace and security, trade and Africa's response to Covid-19".

    Ethiopia's dam on the River Nile is expected to provide power to up to 65 million Ethiopians.

    Egypt almost totally relies on the River Nile for its water supply and recently warned the dam was "a threat of potentially existential proportions" to the nation.

    Kenya is an observer in an African Union-led mediation process to resolve the dispute.

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  5. Ethiopia bans flights over mega-dam for security

    Quoting the head of Ethiopia's civil aviation authority, the Reuters news agency has confirmed that the country has banned aircraft from flying over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd) in the north of the country for security reasons.

    We had published a post earlier on this story based on details from Ethiopia's Reporter newspaper.

    "All flights have been banned to secure the dam," Wesenyeleh Hunegnaw told Reuters without giving any more information.

    The Gerd dams the Blue Nile, the Nile's main tributary. Egypt, which is downstream, has called it "a threat of potentially existential proportions".

    The country almost totally relies on the river for its water supply.

    There have been increased tensions between Egypt and Ethiopia over the dam, but the two countries, along with Sudan, are part of an African Union process to try and resolve the differences.

  6. Amnesty: Egypt used excessive force at rare protests

    BBC World Service

    Amnesty International says that the security forces in Egypt used teargas, batons and birdshot - as well as live ammunition on at least one occasion - to quell rare anti-government protests last month.

    The human rights group says that its sources have told it that the security forces killed two men - and subjected hundreds more to arbitrary arrests and enforced disappearances.

    Amnesty says that its report is based on interviews with eyewitnesses, lawyers and the review of videos of the protests, which took place in a number of poor districts in both rural and urban areas in the middle of last month.

  7. Egypt police accused of targeting LGBT people

    BBC World Service

    A prominent human rights group has documented new evidence of the security forces in Egypt arbitrarily arresting LGBT people and systematically subjecting them to ill treatment, including torture.

    Human Rights Watch has drawn on interviews with a number of LGBT people prosecuted over the last three years under so-called debauchery and prostitution laws.

    One man said that the police beat him into unconsciousness and then left him to stand for three days in a dark, unventilated room with his hands and feet tied with a rope.

  8. Interpol extradites three Egyptian rape suspects

    The Fairmont Nile City Hotel in Cairo, Egypt
    Image caption: Nine men are accused of raping a young woman at the Fairmont Nile City Hotel

    Three Egyptian rape suspects have been handed over to the Egyptian authorities by interpol.

    Ahmed Helmy Toulan, 32, Amr Hussein Mahmoud Ismail, 30, and his brother Khaled Hussein Mahmoud Ismail, 33, were arrested in Lebanon.

    Egypt requested for their extradition to face rape charges at home.

    They are among nine suspects to be charged with the rape of a young woman at Fairmont Nile City Hotel in the capital, Cairo.

    The alleged rape involved nine men accused of drugging the woman in 2014.

    The case was exposed online in July by an instagram account that outs alleged rapists.

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  9. Egypt misses out on World Trade Organization leader bid

    A composite image of Kenya's Amina Mohamed (L) and Nigeria's Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (C) and Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh.
    Image caption: Kenya's Amina Mohamed (L) and Nigeria's Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (C) are still in the race

    Egypt's Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh has been knocked out of the running to become the next leader of the World Trade Organization (WTO), along with candidates from Mexico and Moldova.

    The two Africans left in the race are Nigeria's Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Kenya's Amina Mohamed.

    They proceed to the second selection round with South Korea, the UK and Saudi Arabia.

    The new leader is expected to take office in November.

    The WTO sets the rules for global trade and adjudicates in trade disputes between nations. It is also, according to its website, supposed to "open trade for the benefit of all".

    BBC Africa business editor Zawadi Mudibo says there is a growing feeling among African diplomats that someone from the continent should be at the helm of one of the world's top economic institutions.

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  10. Video content

    Video caption: Egypt’s organ traffickers: ‘I woke up screaming’

    BBC Panorama talks to a crime gang that organises 20-30 illegal operations a week.

  11. Egypt's Africa Cup of Nations trophy disappears

    BBC World Service

    Egyptian players and coaching staff celebrate winning the Africa Cup of Nations final match between Ghana and Egypt from Universitaria Stadium on January 31, 2010 in Luanda, Angola.
    Image caption: Egypt got to keep the trophy for good after they won the Africa Cup of Nations in 2010

    The Egyptian Football Association has launched an investigation into the whereabouts of the trophy for the Africa Cup of Nations.

    Its absence was discovered during work on a small museum at the association's headquarters in Cairo.

    Egypt has won the Africa Cup of Nations three times in a row - in 2006, 2008 and 2010 - after which it was granted the right to keep the trophy for good.

    Angry fan stormed the building in 2013 but it is not clear if that is when the trophy disappeared.