Ros Atkins examines the ethical arguments surrounding vaccine mandates.
By Rachel Schraer
Health and disinformation reporter
Austria's chancellor regrets jabs will be mandatory, but current low rates are "too little, too late".
Austria has imposed a fourth national lockdown to halt a surge in Covid-19 infections.
A record 65,371 daily infections have been reported in the past 24 hours in Germany, and the head of the RKI public health institute has spoken of a “super bleak” prognosis. “We’ve never been as worried as we are now,” said Lothar Wieler, referring to the increasing number of seriously ill Covid patients.
New proposals for Covid measures go before parliament in Berlin today. The three parties working on forming a new government want Covid passes required for buses and trains and in workplaces, and anyone unvaccinated has to take a daily test.
Elsewhere, several European countries are seeing record infections. Belgium has responded by imposing a four-day home-working week from Saturday and Austria is considering further measures, on top of its lockdown for some two million unvaccinated people.
The Czech government meets today to approve plans to ban unvaccinated people from public events and services from Monday. Neighbouring Slovakia wants workplaces and non-essential shops to be accessible only to vaccinated staff or to people who could prove they have recovered from infection.
A partial lockdown is already under way in the Netherlands, where booster vaccinations start today.
By Bethany Bell
BBC News, Vienna