Assent procedure is essentially a process whereby the EP ratifies, or gives its assent to, international agreements agreed by the EU. The EP can only accept or reject the agreements. It cannot amend them. The procedure does not apply to trade agreements.
Co-operation Procedure[Back to Top]
The co-operation procedure was introduced under the Single European Act in 1987. It represented the first, albeit limited, power of the European Parliament to ensure its amendments were incorporated into legislation.
Co-operation procedure was applied originally only to about ten articles of the EEC Treaty, but they included important areas, notably the bulk of legislative harmonisation necessary for the single market, specific research programmes, regional fund decisions and some social policy matters.
Co-decision Procedure[Back to Top]
Of the four procedures, this allows the EP the most influence in amending legislation. It is complex, but incorporates more opportunity for amendment and the possibility for the EP to reject legislation, which makes for a much stronger bargaining position.