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  1. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back on Wednesday

    That's all for now from the BBC Africa Live team. There will be an automated service until Wednesday morning.

    Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast, or check the BBC News website.

    You could also try our new addition to the BBC Africa podcast family, The Comb.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: The monkey cannot be the judge in a case involving the forest." from A Luganda proverb sent by Nicholas Kalyebara in Kampala, Uganda.
    A Luganda proverb sent by Nicholas Kalyebara in Kampala, Uganda.

    And we leave you with this photo taken in eastern DR Congo:

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  2. Fears for political prisoner needing surgery in Algeria

    BBC World Service

    Ten human rights organisations have demanded that an Algerian political activist be released from jail so that he can have life-saving heart surgery.

    Amnesty International says Abdallah Benaoum's health has deteriorated rapidly, but his requests to be transferred to hospital have been turned down:

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    Mr Benaoum was detained late last year after he posted criticism of the authorities on social media.

  3. Sahel worries top UN humanitarian 'most'

    The UN's humanitarian chief has told BBC Focus on Africa that the "place that worries [him] most" is the central Sahel.

    Mark Lowcock of Ocha pointed to conflicts arising from people having to compete for already strained resources - and the combination of "low development", high poverty, accelerating climate change and rapid population growth.

    "You're seeing clashes, for example, between farming families and families who make a living through nomadic pastoralism," Mr Lowcock said.

    "All of those things, together with the fact that this is not the region where the empowerment of women and girls is advanced as much as in some other places, are causing grievances."

    His comments come as the UN hopes to raise $1bn (£770m) with a virtual donor conference hosted with Denmark, Germany and the EU.

    Armed militia operate in the Sahel, which has become a frontline in the war against Islamist militancy for almost a decade.

    "The extremist groups are one manifestation of that, there's also an uptick in organised crime," Mr Lowcock told the BBC.

    He said that people being forced from their homes is "a symptom of these underlying problems".

    "Not much short of two million people are now displaced across the region - a massive increase over the last couple of years."

    Listen in full:

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    Video caption: Mark Lowcock says more than 13 million people in the region need help
  4. Misinformation spreads following Guinea election

    Linnete Bahati

    BBC Monitoring Disinformation Team

    Crowds on the streets in Guinea
    Image caption: Crowds on the streets of Conakry on Monday after Cellou Dalein Diallo claimed victory despite no official election results

    Guinea's government has condemned the spread of "fake news" online following the first round of Guinea's presidential elections on Sunday.

    Minister of Foreign Affairs Mamadi Touré denounced as "completely false" a video circulating online claiming to be a recording of a phone call made by President Alpha Condé conceding defeat to his rival Cellou Dalein Diallo.

    He dismissed another viral post claiming that diplomats were putting pressure on President Condé "to accept defeat and that he was trying to "negotiate a second round to avoid humiliation in the first round".

    Official results have not yet been announced, despite a declaration of victory by opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo on Monday.

    Guinea's electoral commission said it was the only body authorised to declare the results.

    More on Guinea:

  5. Lagos curfew defied by #EndSARS protesters

    Protesters in the Lekki and Alausa areas of Lagos have not dispersed, more than 20 minutes after a curfew kicked in.

    They are singing the national anthem at the Lekki toll gate.

    No security officers have been spotted at either site yet, the BBC's Nduka Orjinmo reports.

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  6. Nigeria to deploy anti-riot police and fortify prisons

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC News, Abuja

    Nigeria's police chief Mohammed Adamu has ordered the immediate nationwide deployment of the anti-riot police unit – the Police Mobile Force (PMF) – "to protect lives and property of all Nigerians and secure critical national infrastructure across the country".

    The Inspector-General has also ordered massive deployment of police officers to strengthen security around prisons nationwide.

    In a statement, the police said the orders are coming on the "heels of increasing attacks including acts of arson and malicious damage to public and private facilities."

  7. Why a 73-year-old is a social media star in Algeria

    Ahmed Rouaba

    BBC News

    Yamina Dahmoun has been praised by thousands of Algerians on social media after graduating from the University of Mostaganem at the age of 73.

    A photo of her wearing graduation robes has been shared on social media with many commenting on her passion for learning, and for pursuing her dreams with commitment and hard work.

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    Mrs Yamina, whose granddaughter graduated from university before her, has earned a Bachelor of Law after successfully completing a three-year course.

    She also caused a sensation three years ago when she passed her final-year secondary school exams at the age of 70.

  8. Burundi and Rwanda move closer to normalising relations

    Burundi and Rwanda's foreign ministers have unexpectedly met at the border, following years of diplomatic tensions and counter-accusations between the two nations.

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    It's the first high-level political meeting in five year between the two countries which speak similar languages and share much in their cultures.

    Albert Shingiro of Burundi and Vincent Biruta of Rwanda gave each other written messages from their own government, it was announced in a statement.

    Since 2015 Burundi has accused Rwanda of having a hand in an aborted coup and harbouring its organisers, while Rwanda accuses Burundi of supporting rebels who've led attacks on Rwanda.

    Political relations, trade and cross-border activities have almost frozen since then, affecting the lives of hundreds of thousands of citizens.

    Both ministers discussed existing differences between the countries and insisted on the “common need to normalise relations”, their statement says.

    The two sides agreed to meet again on a later date.

    In August, military intelligence chiefs met at the same border, after some clashes of the two countries’ armies.

  9. Meet the Ugandan making mosquito-repelling soap

    Joan Nalubega
    Image caption: Joan Nalubega says many people have given up on mosquito nets

    A Ugandan entrepreneur who's now in the running for a "business hero" award has told the BBC her struggle with malaria as a child sparked her business idea.

    Joan Nalubega, who grew up in an orphanage, has developed an organic soap that repels mosquitoes.

    "In 2016 I realised that the interventions that people use locally are the same interventions that had been in use for decades," she told BBC Focus on Africa.

    Ms Nalubega also saw that malaria cases were still on the rise in rural Uganda despite government campaigns.

    "A lot of people have tried to do what the governments are telling them, gotten mosquito nets and sleep in them but then because they still get malaria they have given up on them," she said.

    Ms Nalubega says the soap she developed can be used every day.

    It is available in shops and hospitals and has been subsidised for poor communities.

    Her invention has seen her reach the final list of the Jack Ma Foundation award for African entrepreneurs that helps start-ups to grow their ventures.

  10. Burundi's ex-leader given life sentence for successor's death

    Samba Cyuzuzo

    BBC Great Lakes

    Pierre Buyoya
    Image caption: Mr Buyoya is currently the African Union envoy to the Sahel

    Burundi's Supreme Court has handed a life sentence to former president Pierre Buyoya for having a hand in the assassination of his successor Melchior Ndadaye.

    Mr Buyoya, now 70, is currently an African Union envoy to the Sahel. He has not attended the trial, which he last year dismissed as "politically motivated".

    A copy of the judgment seen by the BBC also gave life sentences to 15 other people – many of them former senior army officials – and a 20-year sentence to former vice-president Bernard Busokoza.

    In 2018, Burundi's government issued an international arrest warrant against Mr Buyoya, who led the country twice (from 1987 to 1993, and again from 1996 to 2003), for the assassination of Mr Ndadaye in 1993.

    The anniversary of his death is commemorated each 21 October in Burundi. He was the country's first democratically elected president and is considered a national hero.

  11. Violent mobs hijack #EndSARS protests

    Nduka Orjinmo

    BBC News, Abuja

    This is what the peaceful protesters have always feared, mobs hijacking the protests to unleash mayhem.

    The announcement by Lagos authorities is on the heels of thugs reportedly setting fire to a police station in the Orile part of the state, as widespread protests continue in Nigeria over police brutality.

    Videos posted on social media show the police station burning, with people standing outside cheering.

    It is not clear if there were officers inside the building at the time or how the thugs managed to set the building aflame.

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    In one video, some people can be seen throwing objects at the police station moments before the fire breaks out.

    Authorities in the state had ordered schools to shut from Tuesday as violence escalated in some parts of the state amid peaceful protests against police brutality.

    On Monday, hoodlums attacked police in the Yaba area of Lagos, destroying police trucks and chasing officers away. Hoodlums have also been sighted in some areas, erecting roadblocks and charging motorists a fee.

    This is the second successive day that a police station has been torched in Nigeria, as organisers of peaceful protests say their demonstrations have been taken over by sponsored thugs.

    In the southern Edo state on Monday, police say two police stations were attacked with hoodlums burning cars and stealing police equipment. There were also jailbreaks at two prisons in the state, leading the government to declare a curfew there.

    In the capital, Abuja, protesters accuse the police of backing armed thugs who attacked peaceful demonstrators, leading to the death of three persons and burning several cars.

    The police have not yet commented on the accusation.

    Protesters, who have largely been peaceful since demonstrations broke out two weeks ago, accuse authorities of sponsoring the armed thugs to disrupt the protests and promote violence, to justify sending in the military and use of force by security.

  12. BreakingLagos imposes 24-hour curfew blaming protest 'anarchy'

    The governor of Nigeria's most populous state, Lagos, has announced an indefinite 24-hour curfew starting at 16:00 local time.

    Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu said anti-police brutality protests in the city of Lagos had turned violent after being infiltrated by criminals.

    "As a government that is alive to its responsibility and has shown a commitment to the movement #ENDSARS, we will not watch and allow anarchy in our dear state," he said in a statement.

    Under the terms of the curfew, "nobody except essential service providers and first responders must be found on the streets," the governor said.

  13. Armed fighters free 900 inmates from DR Congo prison

    Emery Makumeno

    BBC News

    Armed fighters released at least 900 prisoners in Beni, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, in the early hours of Tuesday, according to the local mayor.

    Among the inmates who have escaped from Kangbayi central prison are convicted militia members.

    Some 110 inmates remained at the prison.

    The attackers were equipped with welding equipment.

    Mayor Modeste Bakwanamaha has blamed an armed group operating in the area for the attack.

    He has asked residents to denounce escapees who may be hiding in the city.

  14. Nigerians warned protests could increase Covid-19 cases

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC News, Abuja

    #EndSARS protesters during one of the demonstrations
    Image caption: Face masks and social distancing are of concern

    Nigeria's Covid-19 task force has warned that the country could see a spike in coronavirus cases due to the ongoing anti-police brutality protests.

    The task force chairman Boss Mustapha said protesters aren't complying Covid-19 safety protocols such as wearing face masks and social distancing.

    He described the protests happening the country as "super-spreader events," and asked people to stay away.

    Nigeria has so far recorded 61,558 confirmed cases with 56,697 recoveries and 1,125 deaths, according to the country's health ministry.

    Thousands of Nigerians have participated in #EndSARS protests for almost two weeks calling for major police reforms.

    Many protesters have been injured during the demonstrations, and Amnesty International says 15 have been killed - though this number has been disputed.

    The government's move to disband the hated Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars) has not stopped the protests as demonstrators are widening their demands to include better governance.

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  15. Ghana presidential hopefuls disqualified over 'faked' papers

    Jean Mensa, Chairperson of the Electoral Commission of Ghana
    Image caption: Electoral chief Jean Mensa says there are now 12 candidates in the running

    Five presidential candidates have been disqualified from taking part in December's election because their nomination papers included "defective signatures and fake endorsements", the electoral commission has announced.

    The candidates are have been recommended to the police for further investigation, according to an official statement.

    They are Kofi Koranteng (independent), Marricke Kofi Gane (independent), Akwasi Odike (United Progressive Party), Kwasi Busumburu (People’s Action Party) and Agyenim Boateng (United Front Party).

    The commission will refund each candidate their 100,000 Ghanian cedi ($17,000; £13,000) filing fee.

    A total of 12 candidates have been cleared to run for the presidency, including incumbent, Nana Akufo-Addo, who is seeking a second five-year term.

  16. Tanzania to allow voting using driving licences

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) at the Benjamin Mkapa Stadium in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 09 October 2020
    Image caption: Tanzanians will vote on 28 October

    The Tanzanian electoral commission has said that voters with missing identify cards will be allowed to use driving licences and passports to vote in next week's general election.

    The commission said the names of those voting using such documents should tally with their details in the voters’ register, according to a statement on Twitter.

    President John Magufuli, who is seeking re-election, is facing competition from opposition candidate Tundu Lissu.

    The US had last month expressed concern over "increased tension" ahead of the general election.

    The concerns came days after 10 foreign missions in Tanzania jointly called for a free and fair election.

    There have been concerns by rights group about increased repression of opposition parties and non-governmental organisations.

  17. Cocaine found 'hidden in bras' at Ethiopian airport

    Desta Gebremedhin

    BBC News Tigrinya

    Cocaine that was being smuggled by the travellers
    Image caption: Fourteen suspects have been arrested

    Police have arrested 14 suspects for "trying to smuggle cocaine" through Ethiopia's main airport in the capital, Addis Ababa.

    Ethiopian federal police said the suspects, 13 Nigerians and one Brazilian, were found with 14kg of cocaine concealed in their luggage, underwear and had even swallowed some of it.

    The suspects had arrived from São Paulo, Brazil, on Monday.

    They were detained at the airport, according to Narcotics Operations Commander Mengisteab Beyene.

    Ethiopian police say they have seized 39kg of cocaine and 36kg of cannabis over the past three months.

  18. One dead after Ivorian police open fire at protesters

    BBC World Service

    People flee while demonstrators are dispersed in the Cocody district of Abidjan on October 19, 2020

    One person is reported to have been killed and several injured in Ivory Coast after security forces opened fire during an opposition protest ahead of the controversial presidential election.

    Crowds of predominantly young people had set up roadblocks in the south-eastern town of Bonoua, near the main city of Abidjan, in protest at President Alassane Outtara's decision to stand for a third term at the end of October, which critics say violates the country's constitution.

    More than 12 people have died since August in clashes related to the election.

    Mr Outtara's two main challengers, former President Henri Konan Bédié and former Prime Minister Pascal Affi N'Guessan, say they will boycott the poll, and have called on their supporters to prevent it going ahead.

  19. Somali prime minister announces new cabinet

    Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble
    Image caption: Mohamed Hussein Roble now needs parliament's approval

    Somalia's Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble has retained key ministers in a new cabinet announced on Monday.

    The new cabinet includes a deputy prime minister and 26 ministers - including four women.

    Those retained are Deputy Prime Minister Khadar Mohamed Gulaid, Finance Minister Abdirahman Duale Beyleh, Foreign Affairs Minister Ahmed Isse Awad and Health Minister Fowzia Abiikar Nur.

    Mr Roble also announced 17 state ministers and 26 deputy ministers.

    The new cabinet will require approval from parliament.

    Mr Roble replaced former Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire who was ousted in a no-confidence vote by parliament on 25 July.

  20. Lagos schools to close amid #EndSARS protests

    A demonstrator holds a sign during protest over alleged police brutality in Lagos, Nigeria October 17, 2020
    Image caption: Protesters blocked access to Nigeria's biggest airport

    The authorities in Nigeria's commercial hub, Lagos, have ordered school closures following widespread disruption caused by ongoing protests against police brutality.

    Lagos state's education head Folasade Adefisayo said the safety of students and staff working in schools could not be guaranteed.

    A new date for the return to classes will be announced later, but schools have been urged to use distance learning in the meantime.

    The order to close school was given came moments after protesters blocked access to the city's main international airport by barricading the road.

    Widespread demonstrations continued across several Nigerian cities on Monday. There were reports of chaos in the capital, Abuja, as well as in Benin city and Kano.

    The protests have continued despite authorities agreeing to disband the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars). Many critics say the Swat unit which replaced it is merely Sars by another name.

    Read more about what's happening in Nigeria: