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  1. Scroll down for this week's stories

    We'll be back on Monday

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for this week. You can keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

    A reminder of Friday's proverb:

    Quote Message: The skin of yesterday's sugar cane is a harvest to an ant." from A Swahili proverb sent by Habib Mohammed in Kampala, Uganda.
    A Swahili proverb sent by Habib Mohammed in Kampala, Uganda.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this picture of people fending off a swarm of locusts - it's one of our favourites taken this week:

    Samburu men in Kenya fend off a swarm of locusts
  2. 'Special status' for rebel-held Sudan regions

    Two regions of Sudan have been granted special status following talks between Sudanese authorities and the rebel group Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N).

    It means rebel-controlled South Kordofan and Blue Nile will be allowed to draft their own laws, AFP news agency quotes SPLM-N deputy leader Yasir Said Arman as saying. Disputes over land are another long-standing challenge the rebels say they want to resolve.

    This preliminary deal was signed in neighbouring South Sudan, and it is hoped that with further talks it will pave the way to reconciliation.

    AFP also quotes Mr Arman as saying the deal agreed on Friday also seeks to unify the militias and government troops engaged in Sudan's multiple conflicts into a single force.

    A map showing South Kordofan and Blue Nile states in Sudan, and Jub in South Sudan.

    The Sudan People's Liberation Army-North are a legacy of the earlier north-south war, in which the non-Arab peoples of these areas joined the South Sudanese in fighting against Khartoum.

    Following President Omar al-Bashir's ousting from office last year, the rebel groups have complained that their agenda of a better deal for Sudan's marginalised peoples had been short-changed by the power-sharing deal between the generals and the civilian groups who led the anti-Bashir protests.

  3. World Bank urged not to resume Tanzania funding

    Tanzanian opposition MP Zitto Kabwe and a coalition of local civil society organisations have written to the World Bank urging it to withhold a pending loan to the government because of human rights concerns.

    In 2018 the bank withheld a $300m (£230m) loan meant for improving secondary education after President John Magufuli ordered pregnant schoolgirls be banned from attending school.

    Another reason given for not approving the loan was the passing of a law to jail people who question official statistics.

    The statistics law was amended last year to remove the threat of jail but the government has yet to announce changes to the rules on teenage pregnancy.

    In September 2019 the World Bank approved the release of the money with the first tranche expected in weeks.

    "I am asking that you suspend lending to this government until basic checks and balances are restored in Tanzania," Mr Kabwe said in a letter to the World Bank.

    He highlighted the jailing of journalists, especially that of Erick Kabendera, and the harassment of opposition members among reasons the bank should consider.

    "The World Bank faces a choice: It can affirm gender equity, the rights of girls and women, human rights and the rule of law," the Concerned Citizens of Tanzanian Civil Society said in a statement.

    See below our story about a Tanzanian college that is giving young mothers a chance to build a career.

    Video content

    Video caption: Tanzanian college giving young mothers a chance to build a career
  4. Death toll rises in rain-battered Madagascar

    A flooded road in Antananarivo on 8 January 2020.
    Image caption: The capital Antananarivo was also flooded earlier this month

    At least 21 people have died in Madagascar following almost a week of flooding and landslides from torrential rain, the government says, with some homes being evacuated by the military.

    Another 20 people are missing, and thousands more have been displaced, according to the national disaster management office. It now warns there is a risk of "food insecurity and malnutrition" because many rice-growing fields are flooded.

    The worst-affected zone is in the north of the country, where some 10,000 homes are flooded.

    Madagascar, the world's fourth largest island, is prone to cyclones and tropical storms. The Indian Ocean island is currently at the height of its rainy season.

  5. 'Living with my scars six months later'

    Zeinab Mohammud Warsame is the only survivor of the al-Shabab attack on the office of the Mogadishu mayor in July 2019.

    Seven of her colleagues were killed including the mayor, Abdirahman Omar Osman. A suicide bomber blew herself up inside the office during a security meeting.

    Zeinab shares her story of how she is lucky to be alive.

    Video content

    Video caption: Sole survivor of Mogadishu mayor attack recalls ordeal
  6. Yemi Alade: 'Don't be in a rush to sign deals'

    DJ Edu

    This Is Africa

    DJ Edu and Yemi Alade
    Image caption: The Johnny singer is one of Nigeria’s biggest female stars

    Nigerian star Yemi Alade recently signed a two-album deal with Universal Music France, after lengthy negotiations.

    Talking to me on the BBC’s This Is Africa programme, she advised other African musicians to hold their nerve and have confidence:

    Quote Message: Anyone and everyone out there shouldn’t be in a rush to sign deals just because.
    Quote Message: I think the world is coming to Africa, our quality is increasing, especially musically, video-wise…
    Quote Message: I’m happy that myself - and even you! - definitely have been the pioneers of the movement, holding the torch for African music and Afrobeats round the world.
    Quote Message: The world is now listening and watching and trying to be part of this… and they are welcome, because that’s what we are here for!"

    The full interview with Yemi Alade will be broadcast on This Is Africa on Saturday, or you can catch up here.

  7. Video content

    Video caption: Omar came to the UK as an asylum seeker in 2018 and can fix just about anything.
  8. Gold miners sign 'truce deal' with Tanzania

    Sammy Awami

    BBC News, Dar es Salaam

    Tanzania's government and the international gold mining company Barrick Gold have signed a deal to end their long-standing tax dispute.

    Relations between them faltered in 2017, when Tanzania accused the mining company of tax evasion and under-reporting its gold exports.

    It went on to ban gold concentrate exports and slapped Barrick with a $190bn (£145bn) tax bill, equivalent to almost 200 years’ worth of the firm’s revenue.

    In October the two parties announced they had reached an agreement, stating that:

    • Barrick is to pay $300m to settle outstanding tax and other disputes
    • Tanzania is to lift its ban on concentrate exports
    • Future mining profits are to be shared on a 50-50 basis
    • A new joint-venture firm, Twiga Minerals, is to manage three mining companies in north-western Tanzania

    President John Magufuli said on Friday that the new deal means "there will be no cheating in the mining sector".

    Since coming to power President Magufuli has been keen to extract more income from the country's natural resources.

    View more on twitter
  9. Tunisia welcomes IS orphans home from Libya

    BBC World Service

    Tunisia's president has welcomed home six children of Tunisian militants who died fighting for the Islamic State group in neighbouring Libya.

    Kais Saied received the orphans at his Presidential Palace in Carthage, in the eastern suburb of the capital Tunis, and ordered that they be provided with care for their physical and mental health before being handed over to relatives.

    The children - aged between four and 12 - were repatriated from the city of Misrata, where they'd been looked after by the Libyan Red Crescent since they lost their parents.

    A map showing the locations of Misrata and Tripoli in Libya, and Tunis in Tunisia.
  10. Only one month's supply of grain left, Zimbabwe says

    BBC World Service

    A farmer inspects a stunted cob in her dry maize field.
    Image caption: About half the population faces food insecurity

    The Zimbabwean government has warned that it only has enough grain reserves to last a month, following one of the worst droughts in decades.

    About half the population faces food insecurity as supplies of the staple maize run out because of failing rains.

    Several shop owners told the BBC they had been without supplies for days and any stock that arrived ran out within hours.

    Zimbabwe's strategic grain reserves have dwindled to 100,000 tonnes but the country will need eight times as much this year.

    Yet private importers say supplies should improve next week when grain is due to arrive from South Africa and Brazil.

  11. Uganda and Rwanda trade insults in border row

    A marker on the border between Uganda and Rwanda
    Image caption: Border crossings have been halted between Rwanda and Uganda

    The diplomatic feud between Rwanda and Uganda has spilled over to Twitter where top government officials have exchanged tough words.

    The two East African neighbours are locked in a row over security and spying allegations.

    Both countries had agreed to resolve all issues between them in an agreement signed in August 2019 in Angola's capital, Luanda. But subsequent talks have been pushed back a few times.

    On Thursday, Uganda's Minister for Regional Affairs Philemon Mateke tweeted that "nothing good comes from signing a pact" with its neighbour.

    Rwanda's minister in charge of the East African Community (EAC) trade bloc Olivier Nduhungirehe responded by telling his Ugandan counterpart to "allow real diplomats to do their job".

    The tweets contained unfriendly references to each other.

    Rwanda closed its border with Uganda in March 2019 and has restricted movement of goods and people between the two countries. It recently gave Uganda a list of 200 names of citizens who it says are illegally detained in Uganda and should be released in order to ease tensions between the two countries.

    Uganda accuses Rwanda of deploying intelligence agents in Uganda and infiltrating Uganda's security services. Uganda has continued to arrest and deport dozens of Rwandans.

  12. Ethiopian-American Baywatch star visits father's homeland

    Teklemariam Bekit

    BBC News Tigrinya

    An American actress, whose father is Ethiopian, is visiting Ethiopia to inspect a health project her family had a hand in.

    Ilfenesh Hadera, known for her role in the film based on the Baywatch TV series, arrived in Mekelle, the capital of Tigray region, on Thursday.

    She told the BBC that she will be touring some of the clinics established by the African Services Committee, a charity founded by her parents to ensure improved maternal health services.

    Ms Ilfenesh's father, Asfaha Hadera, fled from Ethiopia in 1977 and lived in refugee camps in Sudan before moving to the US in 1979.

    The actress was born in the US.

    Before going to Tigray, she was in the capital, Addis Ababa, where she visited the Zoma Museum, dedicated to art and architecture,

    View more on instagram
  13. After the revolution musicians go back to Sudan

    For decades under President Omar al-Bashir's hardline rule, musicians in Sudan found it difficult to hold concerts.

    Some were even banned or went into exile.

    After the revolution which ousted him last spring, many are returning to their homeland to perform.

    Jazz musician and actress Rasha Sheikh Eldin is among them.

    She has just returned from Spain, where she lives, to hold a series of concerts in the capital, Khartoum.

    She told BBC Newsday that she was "dying" to return to her home country but did not do so until the anniversary of the revolution recently.

    She said Sudan was an interesting place to be an artist:

    "There is a new class of artists in Sudan... The richest people in Sudan right now are the artists and singers".

    But she said people are bored of the old sounds and keen to hear something new.

    Listen to the full interview:

    Video content

    Video caption: Jazz musician and actress Rasha Sheikh Eldin returns to Sudan to perform her music
  14. Video declaring 'Africa loves Trump' goes viral

    A South African businessman is in trouble with tweeters after a video of him telling US President Donald Trump that Africa loves him went viral online.

    Mining billionaire Patrice Motsepe, who was speaking during the World Economic Forum in the Swiss town Davos, said Africa wishes America well.

    Mr Motsepe said that the success of America is the success of the rest of the world.

    View more on twitter

    The businessman has been mocked by South African twitter users:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  15. Tanzanian student released after exposing water problems

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    A Tanzanian university student who was arrested on Tuesday for posting a photo about water problems in his institution has been released, according to a local human rights organisation.

    University officials picked up Mugaya Tungu from the police station and said the matter would be resolved internally, Tanzania Human Rights Defenders Coalition wrote in a statement.

    Mr Tungu snapped the photo of his fellow students queuing up with colourful plastic buckets, and posted it online where it ended up being widely circulated.

    He was arrested shortly after that in his room and police did not disclose what he was being charged with.

    In his tweet he said it was embarrassing that 56 years after independence university students were still queuing for water delivered by bowsers:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Two years ago another university student was arrested after posting a picture of a cracked wall at a newly built hostel.

    These kinds of incidents have triggered concerns from critics who say civil liberties in Tanzania are declining, especially during the presidency of John Magufuli, an allegation that the government denies.