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  1. Annual Mogadishu tech summit opens

    Farah Yussuf

    BBC Monitoring

    The second edition of the Mogadishu Tech Summit (MTS) has kicked off in Somalia's capital. Organisers say it is the biggest such gathering in the country, which more than 1,000 people attended last year.

    Participants this year include government officials, entrepreneurs and academics who will discuss the role of technology in rebuilding the country.

    View more on twitter
  2. 'Militants killed' in Burkina Faso and Mali raid

    Louise Dewast

    BBC News

    Twenty-four suspected militants have been killed in Burkina Faso and Mali by regional counter-insurgency forces, the French military says.

    G5 Sahel troops, supported by France, also destroyed a bomb-making workshop and seized more than 100 phones and weapons in an operation lasting two weeks.

    A Mauritanian G5 Sahel soldier pictured in 2018
    Image caption: Troops from Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad are serving in the G5 Sahel force

    The identities and affiliations of the militants have not been made public, but al-Qaeda and the Islamic State group are known to operate in the Mali-Niger-Burkina Faso border zone where this operation happened.

    It comes as defence and foreign ministers from across Africa meet in Senegal to discuss security, in particular in the Sahel region, where security forces are struggling to contain the spread of Islamist militant groups.

    On Monday, militants killed 24 Malian soldiers and injured another 29.

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  3. Poor sewage forces 'frogmen' to dig out faeces by hand

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    Up to 90% of Tanzania's biggest city is not connected to the sewage system, a joint report released on World Toilet Day has found.

    It says Dar es Salaam's four million residents largely rely on the services of a band of illegal workers known as "frogmen" to deal with human waste.

    View more on twitter

    This group of clandestine night workers, who are predominantly men, earned their nickname from the tactics they use removing human waste from latrines across the city.

    Their hazardous work is the focus of the joint report by the International Labour Organisation, the World Bank and WaterAid.

    "Frogmen" dive into pit latrines with buckets and a shovel - then dig out fecal sludge by hand.

    They use no equipment or protection which exposes them to a wide variety of health hazards and diseases, and sometimes even death. There are no available figures to give a picture of just how prevalent health problems arising from their work is because it is illegal.

    Organisations such as WaterAid are working with frogmen to help them build legal businesses and carry out their essential work more safely.

    Meanwhile the government points to the risk of latrine collapse and disease which arises from poor construction in the city’s slums. But for many residents, the frogmen offer an affordable alternative to the legal waste removal trucks.

  4. Kenyan students launch #CampusMeToo campaign

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    University students in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, have launched a campaign to end sexual harassment in the country's higher learning institutions.

    A recent survey in Nairobi by the campaign group ActionAid suggests that half of all female students and a quarter of all male students have experienced a form of sexual harassment from a staff member at their university or college.

    Under the hashtag #CampusMeToo students are gathering signatures for a petition that will be handed to the education ministry.

    Among their demands are mandatory induction sessions for newly enrolled students, regular training sessions for university staff and the appointment of an investigation committee on all campuses to handle sexual harassment cases.

    UN Women Kenya has been tweeting about the campaign:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  5. Inside the lives of LGBTQ refugees in Kenya

    Ugandan Mbazira Moses and his friends are trying to rebuild their lives after fleeing anti-gay discrimination.

    They ended up in a safe house in Kenya earlier this year, after being attacked in the Kakuma refugee camp where they were staying after applying for asylum.

    Watch this film following them in the months leading up to a landmark ruling in Kenya in May, where the country's High Court was reviewing a colonial-era law banning gay sex:

    Video content

    Video caption: LGBT refugees: Life in Kenya after fleeing Uganda

    In response to allegations about attacks at the Kakuma refugee camp, the UN's refugee agency (UNHCR) told the BBC:

    "Efforts by UNHCR continue to make sure LGBTI persons in Kakuma are able to live with a degree of physical safety and security... Security for refugees is provided by the state authorities, not UNHCR."

  6. Merkel hosts African leaders for business summit

    BBC World Service

    President of the Republic of Rwanda, Chairperson of the African Union Paul Kagame, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President of the Republic of South Africa Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa attend the G20 Investment Summit
    Image caption: Rwanda's President Paul Kagame (L), German Chancellor Angela Merkel (M) and President of the Republic of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa at last year's G20 Investment Summit

    The leaders of 12 African countries will meet German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin on Tuesday for discussions on boosting business investment in Africa.

    They will take part in the Compact for Africa Conference, an initiative set up during the German presidency of the G20 in 2017 to promote private sector investment in Africa.

    It aims to create jobs, improve lives, and reduce the number of asylum seekers coming to Europe.

    Since the 2015 refugee crisis in Germany, the government has launched various projects to help improve African economies but German businesses have been slow to respond.

  7. US slaps travel ban on Kenya's ex-attorney general

    Amos Wako
    Image caption: Amos Wako was Kenya's attorney general from 1991 to 2011

    The US State Department has barred Amos Wako, Kenya's former attorney general, from entering the US because of his "involvement in significant corruption".

    Mr Wako's wife and son have also been barred.

    "Today's action sends a strong signal that the United States is a valuable partner in Kenya's fight against corruption," said a statement from the US State Department.

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    Mr Wako has yet to react to the US ban - the second one targeting him.

    In 2009, the US banned him after accusing him of blocking political reforms in the country following the 2007 post-election violence.

    At the time Mr Wako denied the allegations and threatened to sue the US.

    The BBC sought comment from the US embassy in Nairobi about the link between Monday’s announcement and the 2009 travel ban, but an embassy official said: “Stick to the text of the released statement."

    Mr Wako, 73, served as Kenya's attorney general from 1991-2011.

    He is currently a senator as well as a member of the Building Bridges Initiative - a 14-member team put together by President Uhuru Kenyatta and opposition leader Raila Odinga aimed at addressing issues that could spark political violence in Kenya.

  8. Uganda orders recall of faulty condoms

    Life Guard condoms
    Image caption: The affected batches are labelled 19040205 and 19050105

    The authorities in Uganda have ordered the recall of two batches of condoms distributed by Marie Stopes Uganda, a non-government organisation that offers reproductive health services.

    "While the Life Guard brand follows strict quality controls, unfortunately two recent batches have fallen short from the quality we demand," Dr Carole Sekimpi, Country Director at Marie Stopes, said in a statement.

    She stressed that the problems only affected these two batches. The Daily Monitor newspaper reports that this amounts to four million condoms.

    Tests had found "holes and burst properties" in the Life Guard brand, Uganda's National Drug Authority (NDA) said in a recall letter sent at the end of last month, according to images of the memo circulating on social media.

    "We have given you two weeks to submit a recall status report indicating the details of distribution and the clients that have been notified of the recall," Victoria Nambasa, NDA's product safety officer, wrote.

    According to data from Uganda's ministry of health, an estimated 800 million condoms are needed to protect Ugandans from unplanned pregnancies, HIV/Aids and other sexually transmitted diseases, the Daily Monitor says.

  9. Tuesday's wise words

    Our proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: The river is never so high that the eyes of a fish are covered." from A Yoruba proverb sent by Yemi Akintokun in Ibadan, Nigeria
    A Yoruba proverb sent by Yemi Akintokun in Ibadan, Nigeria
    An illustration of a river

    Click here to send in your African proverbs.

  10. Good morning

    Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up to date with news and developments on the continent.

  11. Scroll down for Monday's stories

    We'll be back on Tuesday

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for now. We will leave you with an automated service until Tuesday morning.

    Or you can keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast.

    A reminder of our wise words of the day:

    Quote Message: The paste can also strangle the owner who ground it." from A Kakwa proverb sent by Taban Chaplain and Kose Bilali, both from Juba, South Sudan
    A Kakwa proverb sent by Taban Chaplain and Kose Bilali, both from Juba, South Sudan

    And we leave you with this photo of a street scene in Senegal's capital, Dakar:

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  12. Transgender activist wins case against Zimbabwe police

    A court in Zimbabwe has awarded transgender activist Ricky Nathanson $25,000 (£19,000) in compensation after police arrested her in 2014 for wearing female clothes and using a ladies toilet in a hotel in the second city, Bulawayo, she and her lawyers have said in a joint statement.

    The Bulawayo High Court awarded Ms Nathanson the compensation for unlawful arrest, malicious prosecution and emotional distress, the statement added.

    "This has been a long, emotional rollercoaster for me. I have waited almost 5 years for this moment. I am elated," Ms Nathanson said.

    "This is an incredibly life-changing decision. It is a great moment for Zimbabwe. It affirms and recognizes the fundamental human rights, freedoms and dignity of all citizens,” she added.

    Ms Nathanson was detained for 48 hours in 2014 and charged with criminal nuisance after she used a women's toilet at the hotel in Bulawayo.

    She sued the police following her acquittal in a magistrate's court.

    Ms Ntahanson has tweeted about her latest court victory:

    View more on twitter
  13. Video content

    Video caption: The ancient trade of Benin bronzes

    The BBC takes a look at the ancient trade of the Benin bronzes in Nigeria.

  14. Video content

    Video caption: Creating an artist residency programme in Senegal

    Artist Kehinde Wiley explains how and why he founded an artist residency programme in Senegal.

  15. Video content

    Video caption: 'We've created a world where everyone matters'

    Kenyan visual artist Osborne Macharia explains why he uses Afrofuturism in his work.

  16. Video content

    Video caption: Using smart parking to ease congestion in Addis Ababa

    Ethiopia's traffic management agency is using smart parking garages to ease congestion.

  17. 'Huge fraud' in Tanzania cashew nut trade probed

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    Cashew nut factory workers at a production line in Mtwara, Tanzania
    Image caption: Tanzania is a major exporter of cashew nuts

    Tanzania's government is investigating allegations of widespread fraud in a scheme intended to rescue the country’s cashew nut industry.

    This is the first time the government has admitted something may have gone wrong with last year’s takeover of the cashew nut trade, when price disputes between farmers and traders led to the government deploying the army and buying the entire crop.

    It says more than $17m (£13m) paid by the cooperative unions on behalf of the government are questionable, with the quantities of nuts purchased being exaggerated - and "ghost" payments being made for nuts they never collected.

    Agriculture Minister Japhet Hasunga also accused some unions of lying about the quality of nuts they bought in order to inflate the price. When intervening in the trade last year, the government said it was shielding the farmers from traders’ exploitation.

    The move led to a price hike in the world market and affected local production and trade. This season the government hasn’t set a minimum indicative price, suggesting they may have learnt from last season.

    Read: Rapper in row with government

  18. Nigeria bandits 'slit throats and kill children'

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    A file picture taken and released on June 18, 2013 shows a resident inspecting a burnt house in the village of Kizara, after a group of bandits attacked the village, killing 48 people
    Image caption: Many villagers have been attacked in Nigeria's Zamfara state over the years

    Nigerian police say at least 14 people have been killed and many others wounded in an attack by armed men on a village in Nigeria's north-western Zamfara state.

    Residents say the death toll was much higher with dozens killed in the hours-long attack, which began late on Sunday evening and continued into Monday morning.

    One resident told the BBC that six of his children were killed after gunmen stormed the village of Karaye on motorbikes.

    Another said his father and grandfather were killed.

    The victims, including women, children and the elderly, were either shot dead, burnt beyond recognition or had their throats slit, the resident said.

    Dozens of homes were set ablaze and livestock was stolen. .

    Zamfara police spokesman Muhammad Shehu told the BBC it was believed to be a retaliatory attack following a clash earlier this month between the bandits and vigilantes based in Karaye.

    North-western Nigeria is facing multiple security challenges as armed groups regularly carry out attacks on villages as well as abducting people for ransom.

    Read more:

  19. Video content

    Video caption: Got cash? Zimbabwe's currency problems explained

    The first Zimbabwean dollar notes in ten years were released this week. But how did we get here?