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Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

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  1. Somali soldiers missing after boat sinks

    Abdi Dahir

    BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

    At least three Somali soldiers are missing after a boat carrying troops sank in the Indian Ocean on Sunday evening, residents say.

    A total of 14 soldiers have been rescued while a search operation for the missing soldiers is continuing.

    The boat capsized while travelling from the capital, Mogadishu, to the ancient port city of Merkel, about 90km (56 miles) away.

  2. Divisions in South Africa's opposition exposed

    Analysis

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    City of Johannesburg mayor Herman Mashaba poses for a portrait during an interview on September 14, 2017 in Braamfontein, South Africa
    Image caption: Herman Mashaba has been mayor of Johannesburg for three years

    The deep fault lines in South Africa's main opposition Demoratic Alliance (DA) have been exposed by the resignation of Herman Mashaba from the party, and as mayor of the country's biggest city Johannesburg.

    "I cannot reconcile myself with people who believe that race is not important in their discussion of inequalities," he said, in his resignation statement.

    It's a far cry from the day when Mmusi Maimane was elected DA leader amid much fanfare, and was described by its spin doctors as the Barack Obama of South Africa.

    For the governing African National Congress (ANC), which is itself trapped in seemingly perpetual internal squabbles, the DA's problems are manna from heaven.

    The ANC is weak but the largest opposition party in the country is mutilating itself in a corner, unprovoked.

    As for Mr Maimane, he is also fighting for his political life.

    Standing side-by-side with Mr Mashaba at Monday's press conference, Mr Maimane held his hand high saying: "You are my hero! You are my hero!"

    Mr Maimane's fate will be decided in next year's party leadership congress.

    But judging by the speed at which events are unfolding, there is no guarantee that he will still be around then.

    See earlier post

  3. Putin seeks 'civilised' co-operation with Africa

    Sarah Rainsford

    BBC Moscow Correspondent

    Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) greets Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (R) during their talks in the Grand Kremlin Palace on August 26, 2015 in Moscow, Russia.
    Image caption: The leaders of Russia and Egypt have been accused of cracking down on the opposition

    Russia's President Vladimir Putin will co-host the first ever Russia-Africa summit this week with Egyptian leader Abdul Fattah al-Sisi.

    The slogan of the gathering is "For peace, security and development", and it brings the heads of at least 47 African states to Russia, in a symbol of Moscow's efforts to establish itself as a dominant global player on the continent.

    The scale of this event underlines what President Putin says is now one of his foreign policy priorities - improving ties and trade with Africa.

    But he made a distinction between what he called Russia's "positive" agenda on the continent, with the "geopolitical games" of others there.

    He accused countries in the West of using "pressure, intimidation and blackmail" to gain influence and to exploit their former colonies once again.

    By contrast, Mr Putin claimed, Russia was not interested in re-partitioning Africa's wealth, but competing there for "civilised" co-operation.

    The strong links that once bound the Soviet Union and Africa were largely severed after the USSR collapsed. But Moscow's role has been growing steadily.

    As well as increasing involvement in mining and energy projects, it has signed security co-operation deals with around 24 African countries - and supplies arms, military hardware and training.

    It is also widely reported to have deployed mercenaries on the continent, and to conduct covert campaigns there for political influence - two topics that are not on the agenda for the summit, which is due to be held on Wednesday and Thursday.

    See earlier post

  4. Eritrea summons German ambassador over 'smears'

    BBC Monitoring

    Eritrea's foreign ministry has summoned Germany's ambassador to Asmara over "unbridled smear campaigns" by German government-funded international broadcaster Deutsche Welle, Eritrea's Information Minister Yemane Gebremeskel has said.

    The foreign ministry would seek "clarification/rectification" from the ambassador over Deutsche Welle's "despicable" coverage of national service in Eritrea, and the peace process with Ethiopia, he added in a tweet:

    View more on twitter

    The broadcaster and the German government have not yet commented.

    Relations between the two countries are strained because of Germany's insistence that Eritrea's human rights situation should improve.

  5. Tanzania resolves tax row with gold mining firm

    Sammy Awami

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    Dollar notes
    Image caption: Barrick Gold has agreed to pay $300m (£230m) to settle all disputes

    Tanzania's government has resolved a multimillion-dollar tax dispute with Canada's Barrick Gold.

    The company had been banned from exporting materials and was hit with a huge tax bill.

    As part of the settlement it will give the government a shareholding in its mines and half of all royalties.

    The agreement is a breakthrough for both Barrick and Tanzania following three years of dispute that saw each side losing millions of dollars in earnings.

    As part of the deal, which awaits approval by Tanzania's attorney general, the two sides have formed a company, Twiga Minerals, which will manage three mines previously owned by Barrick.

    Barrick has agreed to give Tanzania a 16% shareholding in the mines, half of the mines' royalties.

    Relations between Tanzania and Barrick soured in 2017 after President John Magufuli launched what he called an "economic war" against foreign mining companies which he accused of not paying sufficient taxes and royalties.

    The crackdown saw the export of Barrick’s concentrates halted. The company was also hit with a $190bn (£146bn) for what Tanzanian authorities said were unpaid taxes, penalties and interest accumulated in previous years.

    In terms of the agreement, the company will pay $300m to settle all outstanding taxes.

  6. Academic appeals against Rwanda genocide sentence

    Jean Claude Mwambutsa

    BBC Great Lakes, Kigali

    Leon Mugesera being accompanied out of court in February 2016
    Image caption: Leon Mugesera being accompanied out of court in February 2016

    A Rwandan academic, who was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the 1994 genocide, has appealed against the jail term in court in the capital, Kigali.

    Leon Mugesera, who was extradited from Canada in 2012, argued that one of the judges who listened to his previous case "hated him". He denies any involvement role in the genocide.

    Mugesera was found guilty in 2016 for calling on ethnic Hutus to kill members of the Tutsi ethnic group in a speech in 1992.

    He came under heavy criticism after the speech and fled to Canada.

  7. 'More than 50 elephants die of thirst' in Zimbabwe

    An African elephant is pictured on November 18, 2012 in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe

    A total of 55 elephants have died of hunger and thirst at Zimbabwe's biggest game reserve in the last two months, the state-owned broadcaster has reported.

    Drought, caused by climate change, had led to shortage of food and water at the Hwange National Park, it quoted a wildlife official as saying.

    Some carcasses were found within 50 metres (164ft) of water pans, suggesting that the elephants had walked long distances and had died just before reaching them, the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) reported.

  8. Putin accuses West of 'blackmailing' Africa

    Ruusia's President Vladimir Putin
    Image caption: Mr Putin will host African leaders for a two-day summit

    Russia's President Vladimir Putin has said his country can offer help to Africa without the conditions attached by Western powers.

    "We see how an array of Western countries are resorting to pressure, intimidation and blackmail of sovereign African governments," Mr Putin said in an interview with TASS news agency, ahead of a summit with African leaders.

    "They are using such methods to try to return lost influence and dominance in their former colonies in a new guise and rushing to pump out maximum profits and to exploit the continent," he added.

    Russia is expecting to host 47 African leaders at the 23-24 October summit in the Black Sea resort of Sochi.

    Mr Putin said relations with Africa had improved, pointing to military cooperation agreements that Russia currently has with more than 30 African countries which it supplies arms to.

    Rwanda is among countries that have deepened relations with Russia.

    The Rwandan cabinet recently gave a green light to an agreement with Russia to advance the use of nuclear energy for “peaceful purposes", The East African newspaper reports.

    The technology will be used in the agriculture, energy production and environment protection, the report says.

    See update by the BBC's Moscow correspondent

  9. Blow to DA as Johannesburg mayor quits

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    Herman Mashaba
    Image caption: Herman Mashaba was the first DA mayor in Johannesburg

    The mayor of South Africa's commercial capital, Johannesburg, has resigned from his post and from the main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA).

    Herman Mashaba said he could not "reconcile myself with people who believe that race is not important in their discussion of inequalities", and who undermined his "pro-poor agenda".

    Mr Mashaba's decision was sparked by Sunday's election of former leader Helen Zille to the second most powerful post in the party.

    “The election of Helen Zille as chairperson of the Federal Council represents a victory for people in the DA who stand diametrically opposed to my beliefs and value system,” he said at a press conference.

    Mr Mashaba said he would step down next month, raising questions about whether the DA would be able to retain the mayoral post in Johannesburg.

    Last week, Mr Mashaba - a self-made businessman who joined politics late in life told a local radio station - said he would resign if the party was taken over by "right-wing elements".

    Mr Mashaba led the DA to its first victory in Johannesburg in local elections in 2016, and was seen as a key ally of the party's first black leader, Mmusi Msimane, in his efforts to increase support among black voters.

    But the DA's share of the vote dropped in the general election in May after some conservative white voters abandoned the party, and Ms Zille's return to a senior post is seen as an attempt to regain their support.

    Ms Zille has indicated that she supports Western Cape province premier, Alan Winde, replacing Mr Maimane as party leader.

    This has fulled speculation that she wants the DA to return to its traditional roots and it has given up on winning the support of black voters.

    She says she is still committed to winning over black voters, but not through "race-based" policies.

    Read more of my analysis here

  10. Nigeria Koranic school closes amid crackdown

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    Operators of an Islamic school in the northern Nigerian city of Kano have closed the facility - and have released the "students" to their parents as police raids on such facilities continue.

    The school's owner, Sheikh Muhammad Aminu Abubakar, told BBC Hausa that nearly 100 male students had been released to their parents who brought them to the institution.

    He said community leaders had advised the centre to close as a precaution, even though he denied maltreatment took place.

    Mr Abubakar said he was shocked and appalled at the discovery of abuse in other centres raided by the police in the past few weeks.

    He said they used counselling and religious teachings to rehabilitate the students and not torture in his own correctional centre.

    Authorities in Nigeria have recently intensified raids on religious correctional centres that are accused of torturing their captives.

    Four such facilities have been shut down in less than a month and around a 1,000 captives freed.

    The detainees spoke of being tortured, chained up and some said they were sexually abused.

    Operators of the closed correctional facilities have been arrested - some have already been charged with torture and operating the so-called rehabilitation centres illegally.

  11. Soldiers 'forced Kenyans to swim in sewer water'

    Some Kenyans have taken to Twitter to express their anger following a report in the Standard newspaper that soldiers harassed residents of the coastal city of Mombasa during Sunday's celebration of Heroes Day.

    There was an intensified security operation in Mombasa as the country marked the holiday at an event attended by President Uhuru Kenyatta and other senior government officials.

    The Standard reports that some residents were forced to swim in sewer water, while others were forced to sit in muddy puddles.

    Some residents stayed indoors for fear of being "manhandled" by the army, the paper reports.

    The army has not yet commented on the allegations.

    A 23-year-old man identified as Chikore told the paper he was on his way to the venue marking the holiday when he was stopped by soldiers who said he looked suspicious.

    “They wrestled me to the ground and later forced me to swim inside a filthy sewage. I tried to run but they hit me with the butt of a gun,” he said.

    Tweeters called the treatment of "shameful" and "despicable":

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  12. DR Congo bus accident 'kills 31'

    At least 31 people were killed on Sunday and 16 others injured in a bus accident near the city of Mbanza-Ngungu in south-western Democratic Republic of Congo, UN-backed Radio Okapi reports.

    The administrator of Mbanza-Ngungu, Didier Nsimba, said the bus' brakes may have failed, causing the accident.

    He said some of the victims' bodies have been taken to the Sonankulu General Hospital.

    View more on twitter
  13. Magufuli's live speech quashes health scare rumours

    BBC World Service

    President John  Magufuli
    Image caption: President Magufuli presided over the swearing-in of state officials on Sunday

    Footage of Tanzania's President John Magufuli delivering a speech was shown on television on Sunday following speculation about his health.

    Social media had been rife with rumours that the president might be seriously ill, or possibly even undergoing treatment abroad, after he was not seen in public for several days.

    State-owned television broadcast live coverage of Mr Magufuli attending the swearing-in ceremony of several government officials.

  14. Captives rescued from Nigeria Koranic school

    Authorities in Nigeria say they have freed nearly 150 students including 22 females from another purported Koranic school in the northern Kaduna state.

    This was the fourth such operation in a month and brings to more than 1,000 the number of people released from religious schools, also serving as rehabilitation centres for children with behavioural problems, in northern Nigeria.

    The condition of those freed was not immediately clear, but the police in Kaduna said some of the captives had been chained to the walls, beaten and sexually molested.

    Similar abuses had been reported in other facilities over the past month.

    One such school was discovered in Daura, President Muhammadu Buhari’s home town, last week.

    Those freed there included children as young as seven years old.

    Rabiu Umar, who was among those freed in Daura, told the BBC that he was "treated like an animal":

    Video content

    Video caption: Rabiu Umar describes his life in a Nigerian torture 'school'
  15. Monday's wise words

    Our proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: One who teaches people comes near to them." from A Bemba proverb sent by Victor Sichilongo, Lusaka, Zambia.
    A Bemba proverb sent by Victor Sichilongo, Lusaka, Zambia.
    a teacher giving a lesson at the Cecelia Dunbar Public school in the city of Freeman Reserved, north of Monrovia.
  16. Video content

    Video caption: The Malawian radio programme that promotes women's issues

    'Women's Time' is a radio programme changing the lives of women in Malawi.